Previous pagepage134next page

And snowshoe hares have also been known to consume the leaves to some extent. Fall. Though not a major wildlife food, the translucent red berries are eaten by ruffed grouse, Eastern chipmunks, and white-footed mice. Lore The bittersweet berries, although not poisonous, are not very palatable. Mountain-Ash, American (Sorbus americana) Rose family. Shrub or small tree in cool, moist woods openings. Its alternate compound leaves with eleven to seventeen leaflets, gummy red buds, flattish sprays of...

Previous page

Cially partial to birch, the forest tent caterpillar (see Quaking Aspen), occurs in cyclic outbreaks, sometimes defoliating acres of trees. The birch casebearer (Coleophorafuscedinella), a yellowish green caterpillar, cuts holes in leaves and constructs a small cylindrical case from which it feeds. The birch skeletonizer (Bucculatrix canadensisella) makes twisted, whitish linear mines and skeletonizes leaves. Leafmining insects leave their signatures by their patterns of feeding beneath the...

Melanconis Juglandis

Nut dieback or walnut canker, caused by a sac fungus (Melanconis juglandis). No actual lesion or canker is formedthe slow-growing fungus works from withinbut branches progressively die back, producing the stag-headed appearance of the crown. Black spots like ink drops may sometimes appear on dead branches, and the entire tree declines and slowly dies. Lore See this tree while you can, if you can. Once common, butternut trees are rapidly declining throughout their range, primarily because of...

Previous pagepage126next page

Roots are shallow and spreading, sending up vigorous sprouts after fire, cutting, or browsing. Wounds are slow to heal, since a large area of cambium surrounding an injury dies back before new growth begins. Branches break easily from wind and ice, so red maple, though more adaptable than sugar maple, is generally less hardy. Associates Red maple grows in mixed stands. In lowland forest areas, it associates with American elm and yellow birch, among other trees. On uplands, it may be found with...