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As other pines (see Eastern White Pine), little record exists of specific uses by Native Americans. Deforestation and extensive forest fires resulting from lumbering practices have probably increased this tree's prominence in the landscape. Pine family. Tree in mesic to dry soils, thriving best in sandy soils and gravels. Identify red pine by its long needles in clusters of two, its flaky, reddish bark, and its egg-shaped seed cones. The foliage, unlike that of the jack and Eastern white pines,...

Melanconis Juglandis

Nut dieback or walnut canker, caused by a sac fungus (Melanconis juglandis). No actual lesion or canker is formedthe slow-growing fungus works from withinbut branches progressively die back, producing the stag-headed appearance of the crown. Black spots like ink drops may sometimes appear on dead branches, and the entire tree declines and slowly dies. Lore See this tree while you can, if you can. Once common, butternut trees are rapidly declining throughout their range, primarily because of...

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The sap exuding from a bruised leaf or stem (or droplets in smoke of the burning plant) can. The oily sap found in all parts of this plant (except the pollen), which produces those painful symptoms, is a resin called urushiol. It isn't the urushiol itself that is dangerous, but rather the human body's allergic reaction to it. The oil penetrates to the inner dermis layer of skin, where white blood cells attack it, producing the rash and blisters. Some people seem immune to urushiol (about...

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Roots are shallow and spreading, sending up vigorous sprouts after fire, cutting, or browsing. Wounds are slow to heal, since a large area of cambium surrounding an injury dies back before new growth begins. Branches break easily from wind and ice, so red maple, though more adaptable than sugar maple, is generally less hardy. Associates Red maple grows in mixed stands. In lowland forest areas, it associates with American elm and yellow birch, among other trees. On uplands, it may be found with...