Dwarf Dogwood Bunchberry Lapland or Swedish Dwarf Cornel

Unalaska Orchids

This is a lovely, low-growing, white-flowered plant. Emerging from rhizomes, the flowering stems are upright, 4 to 12 tall. The oval, pointed leaves, with distinct parallel veins, are held in whorls around the stem. What appears to be four broad white petals are actually petaloid bracts. They often have what looks like a rosy stain. The bracts surround a dense cluster of tiny flowers which later develop into shiny red berries. The berries are pulpy and rather inedible, but not poisonous. Dwarf...

Purple Orchid Showy Orchid

(Fisch.) Soo ( Orchis aristata Fisch.) (E) quungdiix This is also the word for monks-hood (both plants are known to be toxic) tungsungax Emerging from thick, forked tubers, the flowering stems are smooth and 5 to 8 tall. The leaves are lance shaped, up to 4 long, and often have dark purplish brown spots. The flowers are showy, held in a short spike and are rose purple, occasionally pink, or very rarely white. Purple orchids bloom very early in the spring, first appearing on south-facing...

Orchid Family Orchidaceae

Orchids emerge from bulbs, corms, rhizomes, or tuberous roots. Nearly all Aleutian orchids have very fragrant roots, even those with blossoms that have no fragrance. Many have a symbiotic relationship between their roots and certain fungi. For this reason, and the fact that many are rare species, it is best not to try transplanting them. The leaves of orchids are usually simple and entire, and they often sheathe the stem. The flowers are composed of three sepals and three petals, a deceptively...

Bering Bog Orchid

Var. behringiana (Ryd-berg) Hult. ( Habenaria behringiana (Rydb.) Ames., Limnor-chis behringiana Rydb.) Emerging from a forked and fleshy tuber-like root, the single stem is up to 7 4 tall. The stem is smooth and upright, rounded below the leaves, squared and striate above them. The one or two leaves are elliptic to lance shaped, up to 4 long and wide, shiny on the upper surface and with a duller sheen beneath. The lower leaf sheathes the stem and is larger than the upper leaf. The flowering...

Rose Family Rosaceae

Among the roses are some of our favorite flowers and berries the bright yellow Potentilla spp. and Geum spp., the fragrant burnet (Sanguisorba stipulata), the salmonberries (Rubus spectabilis), nagoon berries (Rubus arcticus), and wild strawberries (Fragaria chiloensis). Most have showy flowers that are pollinated by insects, and in the Unalaska area all have five petals, except the burnet, which has none. The leaves are highly variable and often striking. The family includes both woody and...

Wild Strawberry Beach Strawberry

Trailing Wild Strawberry

(E) tudungax, tudungux, atudungax (A) tudunam tanasinin, tuzaangu x A low-growing plant with long, red runners, this strawberry has stems covered with long, silky hairs. The leaves are divided into three coarsely serrated leaflets, which are shiny green above, pale and silky underneath. The flowers have five white, rounded petals and yellow centers. The fruit is a small but very sweet, bright red berry. Finding a patch of wild strawberries while out hiking is a noteworthy delight, since they...

Choris Bog Orchid

(Cham.) Rchb. ( Habenaria chorisiana Cham., Limnorchis chorisiana (Cham.) J. P. Anders.) Emerging from a fleshy thickened root, the glabrous, grooved stem is 2 W to 6 tall, and often slightly bending. The two oval leaves near the base of the stem have a shiny upper surface, and the lower leaf is rounder and wider where it meets the stem, relative to the upper leaf. A small, narrow leaf-like bract appears on the upper stem. The flowers are fragrant, greenish, and very small, the sepals and...

Alaska Piperia Alaska Bog Orchid

(Spreng.) Kurtz ( Piperia unalaschcensis (Spreng.) Rydb., Ha-benaria unalashcensis (Spreng.) Wats.) Alaska piperia is easily distinguished from the other small orchids by its sweetish but disagreeable smell. Emerging from a tuberlike root, the single stem is slender, glabrous, grooved, and 6 to 10 tall. The two to three basal leaves are oblong to lanceolate, and 1 4 to 2 4 long. The upper stem bears two to three small and narrow leaf-like bracts. The bract below each flower is much shorter than...

White Bog Orchid Bog Candles

(Pursh) Lindl. ( Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook., Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb.) (E) chaxitxax, tugdukax (A) chagitxax Emerging from a thick, elongated, tuber-like root, the single stems are smooth and hollow, usually less than 14 tall. The leaves are long and lance shaped, clasping the lower stem, becoming smaller and narrower up the stem until they resemble the narrow bracts crowded within the flowering spike. The long spike of snow-white flowers is highly perfumed. White bog orchids...

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Emerging from elongate rhizomes, the stems are 4 to 16 tall. Highly variable, the stems may be tall and branching into many heads, or shorter with a single head and stem. The stems and leaves are glabrous to sparsely covered with soft hairs beneath. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, the margins varying from slightly serrated to entire. The flowering heads have narrow, pointed, bluish purple rays surrounding the yellow central disks. A September companion, the Siberian aster shares in the...

Heath Family Ericaceae

Heaths are low-growing shrubs with simple leaves. In many species the leaves are stiff, leathery, and evergreen. The flowers are composed of four or five fused sepals and four or five petals which are also partly united or fused together. The family includes the familiar two species of blueberries Vaccinium ovalifolium, V. uliginosum , the lingonberry Vaccinium vitis-idea , alpine bearberry Arctostaphylos alpina , and kinnikinnick Arctostaphylos uva-ursi , and the Aleutian heathers Phyllodoce...

Wild Rhubarb Great Western Dock

Rumex fenestratus Greene R. occidentalis Macoun tall and robust plant emerging from a thick taproot, its stalk is stout, grooved and sectioned, often reddish tinged, and to six feet tall or more. The large ribbed leaves are longer than they are broad and the margins are repand slightly undulating . The lower leaves are largest, held on long stems, and are often cordate, or heart-shaped, at the base. The leaves become progressively smaller up the stalk. The top branches form a dense, elongated...