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xcupressocyparis leylamiii Leyland Cypress

Tills species has become popular as a Christmas tree in the South ;md is used for screening and hedges from costal Massachusetts to Florida. The habit is tightly columnar, Kith feathery, blue-green foliage sprays. Without extensive pruning, Leyland Cypress makes a very dense plant and it should be restrained at an early age before pruning becomes impossible. Transplant from a container or js a small, bailed and bur lapped specimen. Expect 3 ft. of vertical growth per year if softs are moisi and fertile, Displays excellent salt tolerance and is a choice evergreen for protecting the garden from salt spray. Bagworms and canker can prove troublesome. Grows 60 to 70 ft, high, i> to 12 ft, wide; can reach 70 to 100 ft. high. Zones 6 to 9,

Cultivars and Varieties. '1 he t-ultivars of l eyland Cypress arc numerous and somewhat confused taxonomicalJy.

Cast lewd lan' is a form with soft, golden foliage and excellent vigor, tn the heat of summer, the foliage is green; golden coloration intensifies with the coming of cold weather Excellent, tight hahit and fast growth rate.

'(ireen Spire' is densely narrow-columnar in habit and has rich green foliage

Tlaggerston Grey' has a more open habit (still dense and columnar}, with bluish green (togray-green) foliage*

I ugh tun Green' is a tall, columnar torm with a central leader and rich gieen foiiage.

'Nayloi's Btue' is the most open, loosely branched form, It has distinct glaucous blue-green foliage,

'Silver Dust1 offers cream-spiotched and -streaked foliage, it is considered a branch spore of 'Lelghton Green',

vCuprfttOCypari} feyiandu, Hrytentf Cyprus

YpQris ttYÍOfídif continued

uptenûcYpam leytondb tûnei

Ypor>\ teytandri ' Ci «Jewel la nr > Cl^Wís oc ypom ^tondu "Naylor'i Blue'

Cytisus scoparius

Scotch Hnxim

Numerous species of ( piisrjs are known, but lew are prominent in modem gardens In Europe, the Scotch Broom, with its blight yellow flowers, is abundant along rtMdsides and In waste areas. The habit is rounded-mounded, with erect, slender, grass-green stems. The species becomes unkempt with age and requires renewal pruning, I eaves are much reduced, itnmt Vi to V* in, long, and sparingly evident. The stems function .is the principal photosynthesis I ng organ. Rowers are magnificent and range in color from white tn shades of yellow, orange and red, and hicolors. Ihe entire shrub truly lights up in May and June—one must wonder why the species is not more commonly planted. Unfortunately, the species and cultivars are not persistent and simply die out ov^r time. Many limes new seedlings " ill appear, hut they are generally inferior to the parent plant. Broom seems to thrive with neglect, and sandy, infertile soils arc most suitable. Transplant from a container. Use along highways, in mass plantings, or in a shrub bor der. Some or the smaller types may be suitable tor pockets in perennial or rock gardens. Grows $ (o h ft. high and wide, /ones 5 toMr Europe,

CulUvarS and Varieties. Hundreds of cultivars are known, t he gie atest concentration originating In t ho Net!lerU n d s Tin- following are a few of ihe most common and for ones that I have observed In my travels.

Allgold' Is a form of Cptrsw xpnwciut (C, muitifhmis * C. pur$tm) with dark yellow flowers, It Is a relatively compact, .1- io 4-ft,*hlgh shrub. Also considered quite cold hardy,

'Burkwoodti' Is a vigorous, bushy form with garnet-fed flowers. Ihe standard of (he blossom Is red-carmine and the wings are red-brown with a narrow gold border.

'Holiandia' is a standard rose-pink form. Grows 5 to # ft. hitfh.

'l.ena' is a compact, comparatively dwarf io;mH t to 4 ft high, Its flowers have ruby-red standards and wings and pale yellow keets.

Cytiurt icapariui in flower

Cyttuji icapanui flowers t>opyricjhtc d materia


The daphnes are great garden plants, and weral species offer the sweetest fragrance. They are fttkle, however, ami many tarn up their root tips and die fbr no explicable reason (although it is often attributed to a virus). Daphne culture is akin to voodoo medicine, and many different recommendations are given. From my experience, it rs best tu proiide well-drained soils with adequate organic matter and moisture, in shade or sun. A pH range of 6 to 7 is recommended, but daphnes wilt grow in soils with pH of 4,5, Once planted, do /»of move, pmne, or abuse in any it-ii}'.

Daphne xburkwoodii

Burkwood Daphne

This rather dapper, densely branched, compact-rounded form might be the toughest ol all the daphnes. The narrow, to I V^-in,-long, blue-green leaves persist into November and December ut least in Boston Pink-hudded flowers open pinkish white to white and are borne in Z-in^dlameter umbels In May. The flowers nestle in the foliage and are lovely on close inspection- The sweet fragrance is fantastic and this alone makes the plant a candidate for virtually any garden (although the finicky requirements of daphnes may preclude use in certain environments), Makes a great filler in any border or rock garden, particularly where people walk. Grows 3 to 4 ft, high and wide Zones 4 to H.

Cultlvars and Varieties, 'Carol Mackie' has delicate cream edges on the leaves and fragrant flowers, light pink maturing to white. Ii grows about the same as the species, possibly broader, and shows the same adaptability. Excellent for a touch of color in a shady niche of the garden.

Somerset' is probably the most common form of Daphne xburkwoodii in cultivation. Two seedlings resulted from the original cross, and this form is the one described above.

Daphne xbarkwoodti 'Carol Mackie' foliage

Daphne xburkwoodflowm

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