Ey r da x Pieris

* iiu/it/og tenacity. Resiv I J seful in shady areas

^ Hybrids betw p. faponicii It I stance to Jac_-c f * /torilHirftifi. .iS - jilted io me t M r

Pieris flvribunda some of the fhat is found c^oiie once com* /loribwuia would

: ^sistently die out in the Atlanta -¿1 but the hybrids would persist, rliaps there is i greater heat

\eranee in the ti ultivar* and VarletUs. 'Broiiweri ^uty offers tf^ featur,sof sktl^e, buds open and wide.

^Snowball- and other notable

Wim flonbuntfa Mountain Pieru

View fforibundo rlov^ri

P*ens 'Brouter's Beauty' IIowpts

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Pirtus aristaUi

Bristlecone Pine

A wonderful novelty plant for that special garden niche; however growth is extremely slow. Generally, this species Is dwarf, shrubby, and picturesque in youth, characteristics that make it a first-rate accent plant, and it retains this habit into old age. The I* to 1 Vt-ln.-long, dark blue-green needles occur in fascicles of five and are covered with resinous exudations. Succeeds in infertile, dry, or rocky soils in a range of pi I levels Best transplanted from a container. One of the oldest trees on earth; specimens ranse from -1000 to 5000 year?, old. Expect to pay a tidy sum for a quality plant. Grows 8 to 20 ft. high, variable spread. Zones 4 to 7t Southwestern United States.

Pinus battksiana

Jack Pine

I his species has few redeeming features other than its tremendous cold tolerance (to —HFF) and its adaptability to Impoverished sandy or clay soils. The habit is pyramidal; open and spreading In vouthr often flat topped at maturity. The V*- to 2-in,-long, olive-green needles occur in fascicles of two. En winter, needles become a sickly yellow-green. Adaptable for windbreaks. shelterbelts, and mass plantings, particularly in ^andy soils. Many better pines are available for normal conditions. Grows 35 to 50 ft. high, spread variable but usually less than the height Zones 2 to 6. Arctic regions, south to New York and Minnesota,

Pinta amfata needle*

Copyriqhted niatert aI

Pi/mi bungeana

Ucebark Pine

A biological specimen oi great beauty. This tree has lustre his, rich green needles and exfoliating, sycamorelike bark, Usually mullistemmed, though it may be single-stemmed, rhe branches reach to the ground; remove lower branches to expose the excellent bark, I he bark actually starts to exfoliate on 1- to 2-in,-diameter branches, with color varying from whitish, gray, and green to brownish. The 2- to 4-inMong, stiff, sharp-pointed needles occur in bundles ot three Growth is quite slow, and consequently, the plant is not abundant in commerce, Iransplant balled and buriapped into well-drained soiiv. Once established, tolerates drought, as well as acid and high pi I soils. A fine specimen ever* green or accent plant. Grows 3(j to SO ft. high, 20 to AS it. wide, ¿ones 4 to 8. China.

Pinus cembra

Swiss Stone Pine

J have always considered this to be among the top hve pines for landscape use because of its uniform, narrow, densely columnar habit. Mature trees in the wild are looser more open, and pyramidal. The 2- to 3- (to 5 ) iri.-long, rich blue-green needles occur in bundles of Ave. They persist for four to five years, contributing to the overall fullness of the plant. Young stems are covered with a thick, orange-brown pubescence, a characteristic that separates this species from Pinu\ flextlis, P. peine, and P> wobas. Provide well-drained, loamy, slightly acid soils, in lull ^ii. Great specimen evergreen; Ideal In multiples because of its rigid formality. Unlike a fastigiate R strobus, this species will not outgrow iis location. Grows .TO to 40 (to 701 ft. high, IS to 25 ft. wide. Zones 4 to 7. Mountains Of central I uropeand southern Asia.

Pinus tnjngeorx). Lacebark Pine

Pinus cembraf Swiss Ston* Pine

Pinui bungeana cones

Pinui bungeono bark

Finns cewbro needtes

Pittus densiflora

Japanese Red Pine

A mature Japanese Red Pine is indeed majestic, with its wide-spreading, slightly upward arched branches and plumes of rich green needles. The orange bark develops an exfoliating character. Certainly one of the more picturesque pines, I he 3- to Sin-long, bright green needles ijccur in twos. A well-drained soil is necessary, but otherwise the species is quite adaptable. Use as a specimen or in groupings. An open-grown tree qualifies as a botanical sculpture. Every seedling shows character and somewhat irregular growth, and even young plants show no propensity toward the widgei mold. Grows 40 to 60 it, high and wide, Zones 14)5 to 7. Japan, Korea, China

CuLtivan and Varieties. 'Oculus-draconts', commonly known as Dragon's-Eye Pine, has two yellow bands on each needle, When viewed from above, the alternate rings of yellow and green create ail "eyeball" effect, hence, the common name. More of a conversation piece or nov* elty Item, but definitely unique.

Ptnm denufiora, Japanese Red Pine

Ptnui dcnstflora 'UmbracuMera'

TenduLV is a rather effective weeping form that will tend to sprawl and act as a groundcover, unless grafted on a standard or staked to produce a small, weeping tree.

UtnbraCuUfera' is a beautiful upright, broad-spreading, umbrella-headed form. The branches are upright-spreading, and with tune, the habit becomes vase-shaped, 1 he orange bark develops the exfoliating character typical of the species and Is superb on old specimens, Arnaz* inglv adaptable and heat tolerant. Great accent plant. By no means a small plant. Although listed as a liMt. specimen, it can easily reach 20 ft, tall,

Pmui dferttffcvD 'Oculus-draconii'

Pin* frmitlora VmbfttuMW bad

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Pinus mugo

Mugo Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine

Somewhat of an anomaly in American gardening. 1 he dwart types of this pine are often sold as the typical species, even though the true species can grow to 75 ft. high and the forms in cultivation are generally 10 ft. or less and quite shrubby. In the native populations oi the species that I have seen in the Swiss AIjjs, no two plants were exactly alike. The medium to dark green* I - to 2- ito i ) in.-long needles occur m fascicles of two. The Species and its culttvars are extremely adaptable and will prosper in Maine, llowa, or Maryland. Quite adaptable to extremes of soil, pii. and Climate. Use for massing and foundation plantings, or in rock gardens, perennial borden, and containers. To maintain a dwarfed condition, prune the new candles (shoots) when the needles are half their mature length. Grows IS to 20 ft. high and wide; can grow Mi to no ft, ¿ones 2 to 7, Mountains of central and southern Europe.

Cultivars and Varieties. Many culttvars have been named, hut they are seldom available in the trade, [ he variety tnugp and var. putnilio are considered low-growing natural variants. They grow less than K ft. high-

PifHii mugo, Mugo Pine ftflttS mug*? dwarf form m a japaneie garden

Pinus nigra Austrian Pine

One of the most popular landscape pines in the Midwest and fcast because of its densely pyramidal habit, its attractive needles, and its adaptability. En old age the outline is umbelliform, and the bark becomes ridged and furrowed. The flat furrows are scaled in a mosaic of white, gray, and brown. The lustrous dark green, almost black green needles, 3 to S tto 6) in, long, occur in bundles of two and are extremely stiff and sharp pointed. Needles persist for four (occasionally eight) years, giving the branches a full mane of green. Pinus nigra is adaptable to high pH, heavy clay soils. It transplants readily and establishes quickly. Used extensively for groupings and screenings. In recent years, this species has been troubled! by Dipiodiat which causes shoot dleback, and the pine nematode. Pine nematode, transmitted by a beetle, plugs the vascular system of the plant ¿nd can kill an entire tree, or portions of it, often in a single season. Assess the degree of disease and pine nematode in an area before planting. Grows SO to 60 ft, high, 20 to 40 ft. wide. Zones 4 to 7. Kutopc.

Pittus parvlflortf

Japanese White Pine

A beautifully sculptured tree at maturity; with wide-spreading, artistically arranged branches. In youth it is often reasonably dense with 1- to 2l/;-ln,-longr blue-green needles, which ociur in bundles of five. Attractive [Vi* to 4-in. long cones have thick, waxy, greenish scales that mature to brownish red and are borne even on young trees. Japanese White Pine is easily grown and displays reasonable saJt tolerance. Perfect tree for restricted spaces, A good accent or sped men conifer. Grows 20 to 50 fl high, equal or greater in spread. Zones 4 to 7. Japan.

Pmii? rugra. Austrian Pine

Pmui mgra bark

Pfnui porvtiotv, jdpanes* White Pine

Pin us pence

Balkan Pine

A rarity, to in1 sure, but this five-need led pine makes the true gardener drool. In youth the habit is much Like that of Pinus ccmbrat becoming more open with age. A mature specimen at Stourhead in England is easily confused with a giant P. flex ills or R strv&us* The needles are dark gray-green, 3 to 4 in, long, jnd have slightly toothed margins. They persist tor up to three years. Adaptable to varied soils. Another great specimen or accent plant, lirows tO to 6U ft, high. Zones 4 to 7, Halkans.

Pinus purnila

Japanese Stone Pine, Divarf Siberian Pine

Not very well known except in botanical garden circles, hut deserving of consideration in virtually every garden. The plants that 1 have observed were shrubby, none being taller ihan 10 ft. The rich bluish green, IVz* to tto 4 ) in.-long needles are densely set and occur in fascicles of five. Cones are quite small, averaging V/i in. long and 1 in. wide. They are purplish when young, turning duil reddish or yellowish brown. Appears to be adaptable and easy to transplant. Ureal accent plant or as an addition to the shrub or perennial border Grows 1 to 10 ft. high. Zones 5 to 6, Japan, China. Korea.

Pim/i peuctt Baffctn Pine

Pmui pumita, hpanese Störte Pint

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