Nwainmbi Simon Chia

Belo Rural Development Project (BERUDEP), PMB, P.O. Box 5, Belo-Boyo, N.W. Province. Cameroon Few information is available on the pharmacological properties of vetiver and vetiver oil. I though it was important to include, though limited, the personal Cameroonian experience of Dr Nwainmbi Simon Chia, who collected a certain amount of data that is presented here. Hence, this chapter has to be considered more as a short communication than a review chapter, being the only available data on vetiver...

Initiatives

Of all vetiver's applications, controlling soil erosion is by far the best understood and furthest advanced. Probably 90 percent of all the work to date has been devoted to this initiative, and the fact that the plant stops soil loss is now abundantly clear. The effect is due largely to the strength of the stems in hedges placed along the contours of hillslopes. The progress of this initiative must not be slackened. Soil erosion is arguably the worst global environmental problem, and for much...

Uses and Economic Importance of Vetiver

For centuries vetiver has been used in India both as an aromatic plant and for medicinal purposes, and as a plant used for soil conservation. The scented roots are used directly in the making of mats, baskets, fans, bags, curtains, etc., or indirectly by extraction for the distillation of the essential oil. From India the vetiver spread throughout the Tropics. One particular impetus for the spreading of the plant proved to be the Colonial Period, during which it spread both as an aromatic plant...

Pests and Diseases

Vetiver is propagated vegetatively and there is no evidence of the plant being invasive under upland rainfall conditions NRC, 1993 . One of the main objectives of the National Research Council's review NRC, 1993 of Vetiver was to verify whether vetiver might be a threat as a potential weed. The review found that in the majority of instances vetiver was not invasive, but it strongly recommended that only the non-seeding accessions be used. Evidence suggests that accessions from southern India...

Dr Paul Truong

Principal Soil Conservationist,ResourceSciencesCentre, Queensland Department of Natural Resources. Brisbane, Australia. Although vetiver grass Vetiveria zizanioides L. has been used for land protection purposes in tropical and subtropical countries for more than a century, its real impact as a low cost, effective and simple method of soil conservation in agricultural land only emerged in the late 1980s. This was a result of its development for soil and water conservation by the World Bank in...