Elms And Mulberries

The Ulmaceae and Moraceae constitute two closely related families with representatives in many parts of the world. Although probably best known for their namesake trees, fhe true elms and mulberries, the common names for both families are somewhat misleading because each one also contains a fairly diverse assemblage of plants (hat are not often associated with either of these genera. The Ulmaceae is a worldwide family of 15 genera and upwards to about 200 species. The family is composed mostly...

The American Sycamore

The American sycamore (.Platanus occidentalis) ranges from southern Maine to northern Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Along the Mississippi River, in the Ohio Valley, and probably elsewhere in the central parts of its range, it grows to huge proportions. Some individuals in these areas exceed 50 m in height and 13 m in girth, though trees of such dimensions are seldom found today* The sycamore is sometimes planted as an ornamental in suburban...

Bladdernut

The Staphyleaceae is a small family of about six genera and 25 species. Only the American bladdernut (Staphylea trifolia) is native to eastern North America. A single western species, the sierra bladdernut (S. holanderi). occurs in the foothills of northern California's Sierra Nevada. The American bladdernut is a north Florida species that exists at the extreme southern limits of its range. It is found in Florida only aiong the upper reaches of the Apalachicola River a stream that is well known...

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Cinnamomum camphora page 204 Ocotea coriacea 73. Long Spine Acacia Acucia macracantka 74. Twisted Acacia page 208 Acacia tortuosa 83. S we et bay Magnolia Magnolia virgin ana 84. Locust Berry page 221 Byrsonima lucida Me lia azedarach page 228 Ficus carica page 231 Me lia azedarach page 228 Ficus carica page 231 93. Osage-orange Afoc wro wtti ra 97. Swamp Candleberry Myrica heterophylla 97. Swamp Candleberry Myrica heterophylla 98. Odorless Bayberry Myrica inodora 98. Odorless Bayberry Myrica...

The Pines And Pinelike Trees

Florida supports two kinds of trees that are typically referred to as pines. The true pines of the family Pinaceae and genus Ptntis are native to the state and are the more widespread of1 the two, The Australian pines are nonnative plants thai were introduced to Florida around the turn of the century and have now become naturalized in southern Florida, The 1 alter trees, which are classified in the family Casual maceae and the genus Casuarina. are tropical species and are, as their name...

Olives Tallow Wood And Spindle Trees

Is confined to rich upland woods or well-drained floodplains that are never more than temporarily inundated. It is Florida's largesi member of the genus. Tiie white under-surfaces of its leaflets in conjunction with its drier habitat distinguishes this nee from ail of our other ashes. The remaining three ashes include ihe Carolina or pop ash ( -. caroliniana), the green ash (F. pennsylvanicaK and the pumpkin ash < . profunda). All are very similar and extremely difficult to separate. Detailed...

Crape Myrtle

The crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indie a) is predominantly an ornamental landscape plant that has found wide use in gardens and lawns across much of Florida and the southeastern United States, as well as in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, it is particularly well known as a roadside plant, and its beautiful white, pink, red, or purple flowers are often used to add an attractive border to many southern highways, It is native to Asia but has become established in Florida, particularly near the...

Descriptions and distributional data found in Part IK these tables will prove extremely useful for milking accurate

Only two south Florida species with bipinnate leaves are nor included in the tables. These omissions include Pitkecellobium guadahtpeme and f tmguis-cati. Each of these latter trees is easily recognized by usually having a total of only four leaflets neither tree bears a close resemblance to the other species listed in the tables. Distinguishing one of these species from the other, however, can be a taxing challenge. Summary of Distinguishing Characteristics Species Number of Pinnae leaflet...

Byrsonima Rues And Lignum Vitae

he Malpighiaceae, Rutaceae, and Zygophyllaceae encompass seven genera and nearly 20 species of Florida's trees. Only 13 are considered part of our native or natural t ed flora. The others are commercially grown plants that sometimes persist in or around regions where they have been previously cultivated. The Malpighiaceae is a large, primarily tropical, family that consists of as many as 65 genera and between 700 and 13(K* species. It is closely related to the rue and caltrop families, both of...

The Palms

Palm trees have long been associated with Florida's balmy, tropical weather. Vacationers new to the state often arrive with mental images of wide sandy beaches bordered on their landward edges by picturesque lines of curving trunks and gently swaying fronds. Whether or not these romantic isions are founded in truth, the fact remains that the palm tree is one of the Sunshine State's most common and persistent symbols. Florida's format relationship with the palm dates to 1953, the year the...

Willows And Cottonwoods

The willows and cotton woods belong to the family Salicaceae, a widespread association of mostly temperate and north-temperate trees and shrubs, a few of which are found as far north as the edges of the tundra. There are between 4(Xi and 500 willow, or Salix. species worldwide ami nearly 50 species in the genus Populus, of which the cotton woods compose only a few representatives. All are characterized by bitter and astringent bark, soft, light wood, and simple, alternate, deciduous leaves. As...

Sapodillas Ebony Horse Sugar And Silver Bells

The order Ebenales us a closely related group of trees and shrubs represented by four families in the United States. The order takes its name from the Ebenaceae, or ebonies* which are members of one of the order s best known families. All families in the order are characterized by united flower petals, by (he number of stamens generally being two to three times that of the petals, and by minute characteristics of the ovary. The reason for choosing the appellation Ebenaeeae to denote the ebony...

Apalachicola River and in the northern portions of Holmes and Walton counties It

May be differentiated from the sugarberry by its distinctly ovate rather than lanceolate The berries of both (he sugarberry and the dwarf hackberry are especially important to wildlife. The fruits of both are small, fleshy, brightly colored, and ripen in the fall. A wide variety of birds as well as raccoons and squirrels use them to store up energy for the winter Florida's two Trema species both inhabit the southern portions of the stare and arc part of a fairly small group of plants that are...

Bayberries Cashews And Corkwood

The Myricaceae, Anacardiaceae, and Leimeriaceae represent three botanical orders. Together, they include ten of Florida's tree species. The Myricaceae, or bay berry family, is a small, ancient family of only three genera and about 50, usually aromatic, species. Fossil records date the family to at least the Late Cretaceous period, or about 100 million years ago. Members of the family were apparently more numerous then and their distribution more widespread. Poday, the family is composed...

Cedars Yews And Cypress Trees

The cedars, yews, and cypress trees are among Florida's most primitive arborescent plants. All are classified as gymnospernis, a group of about 675 seed-bearing, woody plants that are distinguished from the more highly evolved angiosperms by having their seeds borne naked (often but not always in a protective cone) rather than enclosed in a fleshy ovary. All are also characterized by relatively short to diminutive needle- or scalelike, dark gneen leaves that do not resemble the leaves of any...

Palmae

Avociovrhuphv wrighrii Griseb. amp Wend I. Becc. Photo 7 Form Delicate, s lender-trunked, clump-forming iree to about 12 m in height trunk typically matted with the remains of red-brown leaf bases for most ol its extent. Leaves Fan shaped, green on boih idcs, about fro cm across petioles orangish, 2u - mo cm long, armed with orange-colored, sau like teeth along the edges. Rowers Veliow-green, borne on long stalks from among the leaves. Fruit Rounded. 5-8 mm in diameter, reddish orange when...

Magnolias Custard Apples And Anise Trees

As a group, ihe magnolias, custard apples, and anise trees constitute some of the oldest of our dicotyledonous tree species. All are members of the botanical order Magno hales or Annonales, and all have simple leaves, eye-catching flowers, and uniquely interesting fruits. The larget showy flowers of the Magnoliaceae are this family's Hnk with a long history and a remote origin. The original magnolias, of which only a few species are left, were among the first trees to develop flowers and at one...

Floridas Genera of Leguminous Trees

At least 40 of North America's indigenous trees are from the legume family, and a large assortment of nonnative varieties have been introduced for ornamental purposes. Of these, at least 24 species in 16 genera now occur in Florida. A large number of these are native to the state a few, however, are naturalized plants that have escaped from cultivation and are often enjoyed for their showy flowers or edible fruit. In addition to the 24 leguminous species referenced above, there are many more...