Ambrosia carduacea Greene WWPayne

Compositae MW SW North America

(Mexico: Baja California, Sonora) S Franseria arborescens Brandegee Franseria carduacea Greene e BajaCalifornia ragweed f ambroisie de la Basse-Californie

389 Amelanchier Medik. Rosaceae

Aronia Pers. Peraphyllum Nutt. Xeromaton Raf. e serviceberry; amelancier, chuckley-pear; currant tree, Indian cherry (USA); Indian pear; June berry (USA); June-berry, Juneberry (Canada); May berry; May cherry (USA); peartree; pigeon berry, sarvice berry (USA); sarviceberry (Canada); sarvis, sarvis berry, sarvisberry, sarvissberry; saskatoon (Canada, USA); Scotch apple; service berry (Canada, USA); servicetree, servis berry, shad; shad berry (USA); shadberry (Canada); shad blow (USA); shad bush (Canada, USA); shad-bush; sugar plum (Canada); sweet-pear, wild pear f amélanchier; petites poires, poirier (Canada) s madronillo, membrillito, membrillo, membrillo cimmarôn (Mexico) o Felsenbirne (german); nespolino (italian); tlaxisqui, tlaxistle, tomistlacati (Mexico)

390 Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M.Roem.

Rosaceae N M North America (USA: Alaska, Washington to Minnesota, N California to Iowa; Canada: Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories, British Columbia to S Ontario, SE Quebec) [M] D hel hyg->xer fd (jam) fr (bark: beaver and marmot; fruits: bears, birds and squirrels; twigs and leaves: moose, mule deer, whitetail deer) pl sa (windbreakers) Amelanchier sanguinea var. alnifolia (Nutt.) P.Landry

Aronia alnifolia Nutt. e saskatoon serviceberry; alder leaved serviceberry, Juneberry, northwestern serviceberry, Pacific serviceberry, roundleaf serviceberry p.p.; saskatoon, saskatoon-berry (Canada); western serviceberry, western shad bush f amélanchier à feuilles d'aulne; amélanchier à feuilles d'aune (Canada, France); amélanchier alnifolié (Canada); amélanchier de l'Ouest, amélanchier sanguin p.p., amélanchier saskatoon; bois de flèche

(Canada); petites poires; poire (Canada); saskaton; saskatoon (Canada)

391 Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M.Roem. var. alnifolia

Rosaceae N M North America (USA: Alaska, Washington to North Dakota, Arizona to Nebraska; Canada: Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories, British Columbia to S Ontario, SE Québec) [M] e typical saskatoon serviceberry f amélanchier à feuilles d'aulne typique

392 Amelanchier alnifolia var. humptulipensis (G.N.Jones) C.L.Hitch. Rosaceae NW MW North America (Canada: British Columbia; USA: Washington) [M] Amelanchier florida var. humptulipensis G.N.Jones e HumptulipsPrairie saskatoon serviceberry f amélanchier à feuilles d'aulne de Humptulips-Prairie

393 Amelanchier alnifolia var. semiintegrifolia (Hook.) C.L.Hitch. Rosaceae NW MW North America (USA: Alaska, Washington to California; Canada: British Columbia) [M]

Amelanchier alnifolia subsp. florida (Lindl.) Hultén

Amelanchier alnifolia var. florida Schneid. Amelanchier canadensis var. semiintegrifolia Farw.

Amelanchier florida Lindl. Amelanchier ovalis var. semiintegrifolia Hook. e Pacific saskatoon serviceberry; Pacific serviceberry f amélanchier à feuilles d'aulne du Pacifique

394 Amelanchier arborea (F.Michx.) Fernald Rosaceae MC ME North America (Canada: S Ontario to Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon, USA: Minnesota to Maine, Oklahoma to Florida) M [L] D [sci] hyg->xer fd fr pl ti

Mespilus arborea F.Michx. e downy serviceberry; Allegheny serviceberry, apple shadbush; chuckleypear, high serviceberry, Indian pear, pear-tree, saskatoon, scotch-apple (Canada); serviceberry p.p., shad-blow, shadblow serviceberry p.p., shad bush, snowy mespilus; wildpear (Canada) f amélanchier arborescent; amélanchier arbre (Canada); amélanchier d'Amérique; amélanchier du Canada p.p., amélanchier en arbre (Canada); amélanchier glabre p.p. o Kahle Felsenbirne (german); nespolino americano (italian)

395 Amelanchier arborea (F.Michx.) Fernald var. arborea

Rosaceae MC ME North America (Canada: Ontario to Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon, USA: Minnesota to Maine, Texas to Florida) M

Amelanchier oblongifolia (Torr. & A.Gray) M.Roem. e typical downy serviceberry f amélanchier arborescent typique

396 Amelanchier arborea var. austromontana (Ashe) H.E.Ahles Rosaceae ME North America (USA: Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia) S

Amelanchier austromontana Ashe e southernmountain downy serviceberry f amélanchier arborescent des montagnes méridionales

397 Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik. Rosaceae ME North America (Canada: S Quebec; USA: Maine to Alabama and Georgia) int MW Eurasia S [M] D sci hyg->mes acid fd (fruits) pl (ornamental) ti (small articles)

Amelanchier canadensis var. subintegra Fernald Amelanchier lucida Fernald Mespilus canadensis L. e shadblow serviceberry; Canadian service berry (Canada); downy service berry, downy service-berry, downy serviceberry p.p.; Juneberry (E North America); lancewood p.p. (Canada); service berry (USA); service-berry, shadberry (Canada); shad blow, shad-blow, shad blow service berry; shad-blow service-berry, shad-blow serviceberry; shad bush (Canada, USA); thicket serviceberry; wild pear (Canada) f amélanchier du Canada; amélanchier canadien, amélanchier en arbre; petite poire (Canada)

o Kanadische Felsenbirne, Kupferelsenbirne (german); nespolino del Canada (italian)

398 Amelanchier interior Nielsen Rosaceae MC ME North America (USA: Minnesota to Michigan, Iowa, Illinois) S D xer fd (fruits) fr

Amelanchier wiegandii Nielsen e inland serviceberry f amélanchier de l'intérieur

399 Amelanchier laevis Wiegand Rosaceae MC ME North America (Canada: S Ontario to Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon, USA: Minnesota to Maine, Alabama and Georgia) M D sci acid fr Amelanchier arborea subsp. laevis (Wiegand)

S.Mckay ex P.Landry

Amelanchier arborea var. cordifolia (Ashe) B.Boivin

Amelanchier arborea var. laevis (Wiegand) H.E.Ahles

Amelanchier laevis var. cordifolia Ashe Amelanchier laevis var. nitida (Wiegand) Fernald e Alleghany serviceberry; Allegheny serviceberry, shadbush, snowy mespilus f amélanchier glabre; amélanchier d'Amérique, amélanchier laevis, petites poires o Kahle Felsenbirne (german); nespolino americano (italian)

400 Amelanchier lamarckii F.G.Schroed. Rosaceae ME North America (E USA) int MW Eurasia (France) S D sci neut pl (ornamental)

Amelanchier botryapium DC. non Borkh. Amelanchier canadensis K.Koch non (L.) Medik. Amelanchier canadensis var. botryapium Koehne Amelanchier confusa Schmeil & Fitschen non Hyl. Amelanchier laevis A.R.Clapham, Tutin & Warb. non Wiegand e Lamarck serviceberry; June berry f amélanchier des rochers; néflier des rochers o Grossblütige Felsenbirne, Kupferelsenbirne (german); nespolino di Lamarck (italian)

401 Amelanchier pallida Greene Rosaceae MW North America (USA: Washington, Idaho, Oregon, California, Nevada) [S] xer

Amelanchier alnifolia var. pallida (Greene) Jeps. Amelanchier florida var. gracilis (Heller) M.Peck Amelanchier gracilis Heller Amelanchier pallida var. arguta Greene Amelanchier sanguinea var. arguta (Greene) P.Landry

Amelanchier siskiyouensis Schneid. Amelanchier subintegra Schneid. e pale serviceberry f amélanchier pâle

402 Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC. Rosaceae MC ME North America (Canada: S Ontario, SW Quebec; USA: Minnesota to Maine, Kansas to Georgia) [S] D hel xer

Pyrus sanguinea Pursh e roundleaf serviceberry; Huron serviceberry; Indian-pear, June-berry, Juneberry (Canada); roundleaf Juneberry; service-berry, serviceberry p.p., shadbush (Canada); shore shadbush f amélanchier sanguin; amélanchier pauciflore, petites poires, poirier (Canada)

403 Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC. var. sanguinea

Rosaceae MC ME North America (Canada: S Ontario, SW Quebec; USA: Minnesota to Maine, Kansas to Georgia) [S] Amelanchier amabilis Wiegand Amelanchier huronensis Wiegand e typical roundleaf serviceberry f amélanchier sanguin typique

404 Amelanchier utahensis Koehne Rosaceae MW MC North America (USA: Washington to Montana, California to Texas; Mexico: N Baja California Norte) S D xer fd fr e Utah serviceberry f amélanchier de l'Utah

405 Amelanchier utahensis Koehne var. utahensis

Rosaceae MW MC North America (USA: Washington to Montana, California to Texas; Mexico: N Baja California Norte) S D Amelanchier alnifolia var. utahensis (Koehne) M.E.Jones

Amelanchier australis Standl. Amelanchier bakeri Greene Amelanchier goldmanii Wooton & Standl. Amelanchier mormonica Schneid. Amelanchier oreophila Nelson e typical Utah serviceberry f amélanchier de l'Utah typique

406 Amolinia R.M.King & H.Rob. Compositae e amolinia f amolinie

407 Amolinia heydeana (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.

Compositae SC North America (Mexico: Chiapas; Guatemala) S Eupatorium heydeanum B.L.Rob. e Heyde amolinia f amolinie de Heyde

408 Ampelocera Klotzsch Ulmaceae

Plagioceltis Mildbr. ex Baehni e ampelocera f ampelocera

409 Ampelocera cubensis Griseb. Ulmaceae SE North America (Cuba, Hispaniola) L

Ampelocera pubescens C.V.Morton e Cuban ampelocera f ampelocera de Cuba; bois blanc grandes feuilles (Haiti) s hueso, hueso de costa (Cuba); jatia blanca;

jatín blanca, purio (Cuba) o bwa blan gran fey (creole, Haiti)

410 Ampelocera edentula Kuhlm. Ulmaceae SE North America (Panama) MW MC SC South America (Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana, Ecuador: Coast, Amazonas; Peru, Bolivia) L D [E] mes cl (bark: astringent to fix tatoos) dr (fruits are hypnotic), ma (bark: ropes) ti Ampelocera latifolia Ducke e edentulate ampelocera f ampelocera édentulé s palo yodo (Bolivia) o adabadan (arawak); kwaskwasi-oedoe (sranan)

411 Ampelocera hottlei (Standl.) Standl. Ulmaceae SC SE North America (S Mexico to Nicaragua, Panama) L E [D] hel hyg ti (cabinet work, carpentry, construction, flooring, furniture, railroad ties)

Celtis hottlei Standl. e bullhoof ampelocera; bullhoof (Belize) f ampelocera de Hottle s barrenillo (Honduras); cautivo, cuerillo, frijolillo (Mexico); hueso (Cuba); hueso de pescado (Venezuela); luín (Mexico); manteco, manteco negro, quema-quema (Honduras) o achu galu (kuna, Panama); zitsmuk

412 Ampelocera macphersonii Todzia Ulmaceae SE North America (Panama) N MW South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador: Manabí; Peru) L

e Macpherson ampelocera f ampelocera de Macpherson

413 Ampelocera macrocarpa Forero & A.H.Gentry

Ulmaceae SE North America (Nicaragua to Panama) N South America (Colombia, Venezuela) L hel e bigfruit ampelocera f ampélocera á gros fruits o achu galu (kuna, Panama); kuskanac (Nicaragua)

414 Amphipterygium Schiede ex Standl. Julianiaceae

Juliania Schltdl. e amphipterygium f amphiptérygium

415 Amphipterygium adstringens (Schltdl.) Standl.

Julianiaceae SC SE North America (S Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica) M D hel xer dr ma (red dye) Hypopterygium adstringens Schltdl. Juliania adstringens Schltdl. e Mexican amphipterygium f amphiptérygium du Mexique s cuachalalá, cuachalalate, macerán, volador (Mexico)

o matixeran, muaxalaxlitli, yalaguitu

416 Amphipterygium molle (Hemsl.) Hemsl. & Rose

Julianiaceae SC SE North America (C Mexico to Costa Rica) M Amphipterygium molle (Hemsl.) Hemsl. & Rose ex Standl.

Juliania mollis Hemsl. e soft amphipterygium f amphiptérygium soyeux s barrabás (Costa Rica)

417 Amphirrhox Spreng. Violaceae

Braddleya Vell. Spathularia A.St.-Hil. e amphirrhox f amphirrhox

418 Amphirrhox longifolia (A.St.-Hil.) Spreng.

Violaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama) South America (general) M sci

Amphirrhox juruana Ule Amphirrhox latifolia Mart. ex Eichler Amphirrhox surinamensis (Miq.) Eichler Bradleya longifolia Kuntze Hybanthus surinamensis Eichler Spathularia longifolia A.St.-Hil.

e longleaf amphirrhox f amphirrhox à feuilles longues s gaspadillo negro (Venezuela)

419 Amphitecna Miers Bignoniaceae

Crescentia sect. Enallagma Miers Dendrosicus Raf. Enallagma (Miers) Baill. e blackcalabash; black calabash, black-

calabash f amphitecna s huiro de montaña

420 Amphitecna apiculata A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SC SE North America (S Mexico, Guatemala) M E dr ma ti e apiculate blackcalabash f amphitecna apiculé s guiro cimarron, malocacao, tecomatillo

(Mexico) o a-jo-nocht (Guatemala)

421 Amphitecna breedlovei A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SC SE North America (Mexico: Chiapas; Belize) S dr ma ti e Breedlove blackcalabash; calabash, wild calabash (Belize) f amphitecna de Breedlove o tzimatez (tzeltal, Mexico)

422 Amphitecna costata A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SE North America (end Guatemala) M dr ma ti e ribbed blackcalabash f amphitecna veiné

423 Amphitecna donnell-smithii (Sprague) L.O.Williams

Bignoniaceae SC SE North America (S Mexico, Guatemala) S [M] hyg dr ma ti Amphitecna oblanceolata L.O.Williams Crescentia donnell-smithii Sprague Dendrosicus donnell-smithii (Sprague) A.H.Gentry Enallagma donnell-smithii Standl. e DonnellSmith blackcalabash f amphitecna de Donnell-Smith

424 Amphitecna gentryi W.C.Burger Bignoniaceae SE North America (Costa Rica) M sci e Gentry blackcalabash f amphitecna de Gentry

425 Amphitecna haberi A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae SE North America (Costa Rica) S

e Haber blackcalabash f amphitecna de Haber

426 Amphitecna isthmica (A.H.Gentry) A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama) NW South America (Colombia) M sci

Dendrosicus isthmicus A.H.Gentry e isthmus blackcalabash f amphitecna de l'isthme

427 Amphitecna kennedyi (A.H.Gentry) A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae SE North America (Honduras to Panama) NW South America (Colombia) M sci mes

Dendrosicus kennedyae A.H.Gentry Dendrosicus kennedyi A.H.Gentry e Kennedy blackcalabash f amphitecna de Kennedy s calalilla montañera (Nicaragua)

428 Amphitecna latifolia (Mill.) A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SC SE North America (S Mexico to Panama, USA: Florida; West Indies) South America (tropics) S [M] E hyg calc acid dr (fruits: decoction against tetanus; leaves juice: massage against rash) dr(ob) (fruits pulp) fd (seeds: eaten raw or used as substitute to cocoa) ma (fruits dried and scooped out: dishes or gourds) pl (ornamental) ti

Amphitecna obovata (Benth.) L.O.Williams Crescentia coriacea Miers Crescentia cucurbitina L.

Crescentia cucurbitina var. heterophylla Kuntze Crescentia cuspidata Miers Crescentia elongata Miers Crescentia latifolia Mill. Crescentia lethifera Tussac Crescentia obovata Benth. Crescentia palustris Forsyth ex Seem. Crescentia toxicaría Tussac Dendrosicus latifolius (Mill.) A.H.Gentry Dendrosicus saxatilis Raf. Enallagma cucurbitina (L.) Baill. ex K.Schum. Enallagma latifolia (Mill.) Small Enallagma obovata (Benth.) Baill. ex K.Schum. e savana blackcalabash; black calabash (USA); black-calabash (Dominica, Puerto Rico, USA); black calabash-tree; calabash (Trinidad); calabash tree (Panama); river calabash (Belize); savana calabash (Jamaica); wild calabash (Belize, Panama); wild-calabash (Panama) f amphitecna à larges feuilles; bache marron; bashe marron (Haiti); calebasse (Dominica); calebasse bâtard; cale basse marron, calebasse marron (Haiti); calebasse ronde (Dominica, USA); calebasse zombie (Haiti); calebasse-zombi, calebassier à large feuille s cacao silvestre (Costa Rica); calabacillo (Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador); calabasillo (Colombia, Ecuador); calabasillo de la playa (Costa Rica); camuro (Venezuela); cocoa (Puerto Rico); güira cimarrona (Dominican Republic); güira de olor (Cuba); higüerillo (Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico); higüerita (Puerto Rico); higüero (Dominican Republic, Venezuela); higüero de rio (Dominican Republic); higüero de taparito (Venezuela); higüero galión, higüero jamo (Dominican Republic); huiro de montaña, jicarillo (Mexico); jicarita, jicaro, jicaro de estero (Costa Rica); jicavillo (Mexico); magüira (Cuba); mariquita de Maria, mariquito de marea (Panama); matecillo, matecito, matesillo (Colombia); mora de costa (Guatemala); morito de rio, morito de río (Belize); morrito del rio (Guatemala); otumillo (Panama); taparito (Venezuela); totumillo (Colombia); totumito (Colombia, Panama); tutunuto (Panama) o ajonocht (Guatemala); kalbas mawon, kalbas zombi (creole, Haiti)

429 Amphitecna lundellii A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SC North America (Guatemala) M

e Lundell blackcalabash f amphitecna de Lundell

430 Amphitecna macrophylla (Seem.) Miers ex Baill.

Bignoniaceae SC North America (S Mexico, Guatemala) S E hyg calc Amphitecna nigripes (Linden) Baill. Crescentia macrophylla Seem. Crescentia nigripes Linden Crescentia regia hort. ex Seem. Dendrosicus macrophyllus (Seem.) A.H.Gentry Enallagma macrophylla (Seem.) Lundell e bigleaf blackcalabash f amphitecna à grandes feuilles s guiro de montaña, morro cimarrón (Mexico) o o-hoch, tzimarez (tzeltal, Mexico)

431 Amphitecna megalophylla (Donn.Sm.) A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae SC SE North America (Guatemala) S?

Neotuerckheimia megalophylla Donn.Sm. e giantleaf blackcalabash f amphitecna à feuilles géantes

432 Amphitecna molinae L.O.Williams Bignoniaceae SE North America (Honduras, Nicaragua) M

Dendrosicus molinae (L.O.Williams) A.H.Gentry e Molina blackcalabash f amphitecna de Molina

433 Amphitecna montana L.O.Williams Bignoniaceae SC SE North America (Mexico: Chiapas; Guatemala, Honduras) M Dendrosicus montanus (L.O.Williams) A.H.Gentry e mountain blackcalabash f amphitecna de montagne s morro (Honduras)

434 Amphitecna parviflora A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SE North America (Panama) M

e smallflower blackcalabash f amphitecna à petites fleurs

435 Amphitecna regalis (Linden) A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SC North America (S Mexico) M

Crescentia regalis Linden e royal blackcalabash f amphitecna royal s jicara (Mexico); morro-cimmarön

436 Amphitecna sessilifolia (Donn.Sm.) L.O.Williams

Bignoniaceae SE North America (Nicaragua to Panama) M dr fd ma ti Amphitecna sessilifolius (Donn.Sm.) A.H.Gentry Amphitecna sessilifolius (Donn.Sm.) L.O.Williams Dendrosicus sessilifolius (Donn.Sm.) A.H.Gentry Enallagma sessilifolia (Donn.Sm.) Standl. Neotuerckheimiagonoclada Donn.Sm. Tabebuia sessifolia Donn.Sm. Tabebuia sessilifolia Donn.Sm. e sessileleaf blackcalabash; calabash (Panama) f amphitecna à feuilles sessiles s calabacero, guacalillo, jicarilla, jicarillo, jicaro (Costa Rica)

437 Amphitecna silvicola L.O.Williams Bignoniaceae SC North America (S Mexico, Guatemala) M

Dendrosicus silvicola (L.O.Williams) A.H.Gentry

Dendrosicus silvicolus (L.O.Williams) A.H.Gentry e forest blackcalabash f amphitecna sylvicole o s-xom-gama'^ul

438 Amphitecna spathicalyx (A.H.Gentry) A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae SE North America (end Panama) S

Dendrosicus spathicalyx A.H.Gentry e spathaceous blackcalabash f amphitecna spathacé

439 Amphitecna steyermarkii (A.H.Gentry) A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae SC North America (S Mexico: Chiapas, Guatemala) S Dendrosicus steyermarkii A.H.Gentry e Steyermark blackcalabash f amphitecna de Steyermark s morro (Guatemala)

440 Amphitecna tuxtlensis A.H.Gentry Bignoniaceae SC North America (S Mexico) M

e Tuxtla blackcalabash f amphitecna de Tuxtla

441 Amyris P.Browne Rutaceae

Amyris L. Elemi Adans. Elemifera L. Ritinophora Neck. e amyris; black candle wood, rosewood p.p., sandalwood (Jamaica); torch (USA); torchwood (Jamaica, Puerto Rico, USA); waika pine (Belize); white candle wood (Jamaica) f amyris; amyride, bois chandelle

(Guadeloupe, Haiti); chandelle blanc (Haiti) s amyris de costa (Cuba); blanco (Mexico); candil (Venezuela); cuaba, cuaba de sabana, cuabilla (Cuba); chilillo (Honduras); guaconejo (Dominican Republic); incienso (Cuba); limoncillo (Mexico); marfil (Colombia); melón (El Salvador); naranjito (Colombia); ocotillo (El Salvador); pimienta (Honduras); puerco (Puerto Rico); quigua (Venezuela); roldán (El Salvador); tigua (Venezuela); ulanda (Colombia) o amyris (italian); Balsambaum (german); bossoea (Curaçao); bwa chandêl (creole, Haiti); tojtanyuc (Mexico); twa pawol (creole, Haiti)

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