Alnus oblongifolia Torr

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Betulaceae MW MC SW SC North America (USA: Arizona and New Mexico; Mexico: Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango) S [L] D sci mes e NewMexican alder; Arizona alder, Mexican alder f aulne de l'Arizona s aliso (Mexico)

343 Alnus rhombifolia Nutt. Betulaceae MW North America (Canada?: SW British Columbia?; USA: Washington to Montana, Oregon, California) L D hyg dr(ob) (Native Americans used various parts of the tree against diarrhea, consumption and burns, as a blood purifier, an emetic and a wash for babies with skin diseases, and to facilitate child birth) fw

Alnus californica hort. ex H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus glutinosa d serrulata (Aiton) Regel p.p. Alnus glutinosa d serrulata lusus d californica Regel

Alnus rhombifolia var. bernardina Munz & I.M.Johnst.

Alnus rhombifolia var. ovalis H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus rhombifolia var. typica Callier e sierra alder; alder p.p., California alder, Californian alder; mountain alder (USA); western alder; white alder (USA) f aulne de la sierra; aulne blanc p.p., aulne blanchâtre o caarilluk, caarin (yupik, USA); ontano a foglie romboidali (italian); Weisserle (german)

344 Alnus rubra Bong. Betulaceae NW MW North America (USA: Alaska, Washington to C California; Canada: Yukon Territory, W British Columbia) int NW MW Eurasia (Europe) and ME SE Oceania (New Zealand) L D [sci] hel hyg->mes acid? neut dr dr(ob) (bark: against rheumatism and diarrhea, Native Americans used various parts as an emectic, a purgative and a general panacea against aching bones, asthma, biliousness, cough, eczema, headache, scrofula, stomachache and turberculosis) fw (charcoal, firewood, to smoke salmon) ma ma(ob) (dye) pl (ornamental, recuperation of coal mine spoils, street tree, windbreaks) pp (blended with conifers pulp) sa (banks erosion, reclamation of eroded or derelict land, soil improvment by leaves rotting and roots nodules fixing atmospheric nitrogen) ti (furniture, paneling plywood, tool handles, trinkets, turned work, utensils, veneer, wood carving, woodenware) ti(ob) (bowls, canoes, masks, oars) Alnus castaneaefolia Douglas ex Hook. non Mirbel Alnus incana h rubra (Bong.) Regel Alnus maritima hort. ex Wetzel non Spach Alnus oregona Nutt. Alnus oregona var. pinnatisecta Starker Alnus rubra var. pinnatisecta Starker Alnus rubra f. pinnatisecta (Starker) Rehder Alnus washingtonia hort. ex Wetzel e red alder; alder p.p.; Oregon alder (Canada, USA); Pacific coast alder; western alder (Canada); western red alder f aulne rouge; aulne de l'Oregon, aune, aune de l'Oregon s aliso rojo o Amerikanische Roterle (german); auguqsuliq

(yupik, USA); Erle (german); ontano dell' Oregon, ontano rosso (italian); Oregon-Erle, Roterle (german)

345 Alnus serrulata (Aiton) Willd. Betulaceae MC ME SE North America (Canada: S Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia; St. Pierre, USA: E Kansas to Maine, E Texas to N Florida) int MW Eurasia (Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Poland, former Czechoslovakia) S D hel hyg dr(ob) (Native Americans used various preparations against biliousness, cough, eye troubles, fever, heart troubles, indigestion, jaundice, mouth soreness in babies, pain of child birth, toothache, as a blood tonic, an emetic and purgative, to bath hives and piles, to clean milky urine, to lower blood pressure and to stimulate kidneys)

Alnus americana hort. ex Petz. & Kirchn. non Hartig

Alnus carpinifolia Desf. ex Spach Alnus glutinosa d Hartig Alnus glutinosa d serrulata (Aiton) Regel p.p. Alnus glutinosa d serrulata lusus a genuina Regel Alnus glutinosa d serrulata lusus b obtusifolia Regel

Alnus incana var. serrulata (Aiton) Boivin Alnus latifolia Desf. ex Hartig Alnus macrophylla Desf. ex Spach Alnus maritima hort. ex Spach Alnus noveboracensis Britton Alnus obtusifolia Mert. ex Regel Alnus rubra Desf. ex Spach non Bong. Alnus rubra Tuck. non Bong. Alnus rugosa var. obtusifolia (Regel) Regel Alnus rugosa var. obtusifolia (Regel) H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus rugosa b serrulata (Aiton) H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus serrulata var. subelliptica Fernald Alnus serrulata var. subelliptica f. emarginata Fernald

Alnus serrulata var. subelliptica f. mollescens Fernald

Alnus serrulata var. subelliptica f. nanella Fernald Alnus serrulata var. vulgaris Fernald Alnus serrulata var. vulgaris f. noveboracensis (Britton) Fernald Alnus serrulata a genuina Regel Alnus serrulata a vulgaris Spach Alnus serrulata b macrophylla Spach Alnus serrulata d obtusifolia (Regel) Regel Alnus undulata hort. ex H.J.P.Winkl. Betula alnus serrulata (Aiton) Michx. Betula serrulata Aiton e smooth alder; black alder, brookside alder, common alder, hazel alder, red alder p.p., tag alder f aulne tendre; aulne blanc p.p., aulne lisse o Hazelerle, Herbsterle (german); ontano rugoso (italian); Runzelerle, Weicherle (german)

346 Alnus viridis (Vill.) DC. Betulaceae N M North America (USA: Alaska, Washington to Montana, N California to N Colorado, Minnesota to Maine, Pennsylvania to North Carolina; Canada: Yukon Territory to Nunavut, British Columbia to Newfoundland; Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon) NE Eurasia (NE Russian Federation) M D

Alnaster alnobetula (Ehrh.) Schweinf. ex Asch.

Alnaster viridis (Vill.) Spach

Alnobetula viridis (Vill.) Schur

Alnus alnobetula (Ehrh.) Hartig

Alnus alnobetula (Ehrh.) K.Koch p.p.

Alnus alpina Vill.

Alnus ovata (Schrank) Lodd.

Betula alnobetula Ehrh.

Betula alpina (Vill.) Borkh.

Betula ovata Schrank

Betula viridis Vill.

Duschekia ovata (Schrank) H.J.P.Winkl. Duschekia viridis (Vill.) Opiz Semidopsis viridis (Vill.) Zumagl. e green alder; Sitka alder f aulne vert; aulne des Alpes o alno verde (italian); Alpenerle (german); drosa (italian); Grünerle (german); ontano verde (italian)

347 Alnus viridis subsp. crispa (Aiton) Turrill Betulaceae N M North America (Canada: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Alberta to Newfoundland; SW Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, USA: Minnesota to Maine, Pennsylvania to North Carolina) NE Eurasia (NE Russian Federation) S hyg acid dr(ob) (the Cree used it for the astringent qualities of the bark and to treat dropsy)

Alnaster crispa f. mollis (Fernald) Muroi Alnaster crispus (Aiton) Czerep. Alnaster fruticosus (Rupr.) Ledeb. Alnus (Alnobetula) fruticosa Rupr. Alnus alnobetula var. a typica f. repens (Hornem.) Callier

Alnus alnobetula var. b fruticosa (Rupr.) H.J.P.Winkl.

Alnus alnobetula var. e repens (Hornem.) H.J.P.Winkl.

Alnus alnobetula var. q parvifolia (Regel) H.J.P.Winkl.

Alnus alnobetula var. z crispa (Aiton) H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus alnobetula a parvifolia (Regel) Dippel p.p. Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh Alnus crispa var. elongata Raup Alnus crispa var. harricanensis Lepage Alnus crispa var. mollis (Fernald) Fernald Alnus crispa f. mollis (Fernald) Muroi Alnus crispa f. stragula Fernald Alnus fruticosa (Rupr.) Nyman Alnus fruticosa var. typica f. grandifolia Callier Alnus fruticosa var. typica f. macrophylla Callier Alnus fruticosa var. typica f. normalis Callier Alnus fruticosa var. typica f. vulgaris Callier Alnus fruticosa var. a typica Callier Alnus mitchelliana Curtis ex A.Gray Alnus mollis Fernald Alnus orbiculata Lopylaie ex Spach Alnus ovata var. repens (Hornem.) Wormsk. ex Lange

Alnus ovata var. repens f. macrophylla Lange Alnus ovata f. repens (Hornem.) Kjellm. Alnus repens Wormsk. ex Hornem. Alnus tristis Wormsk. ex Regel Alnus undulata Willd. Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC. Alnus viridis subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Nyman Alnus viridis var. crispa (Aiton) House Alnus viridis var. fernaldii House Alnus viridis var. parvifolia Sauter ex H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus viridis var. repens (Hornem.) Callier Alnus viridis var. sibirica (Regel) Callier p.p. Alnus viridis var. sibirica lusus c glabra Callier Alnus viridis var. d repens f. groenlandica Callier Alnus viridis var. repens f. typica Callier Alnus viridis var. typica d repens (Hornem.) Asch. & Graebn.

Alnus viridis a Hook. Alnus viridis b parvifolia Regel p.p. Alnus viridis b sibirica Regel p.p. Alnus viridis b sibirica lusus a communis Regel p.p.

Alnus viridis b sibirica lusus c subglabra Regel Alnus viridis b sibirica lusus subglabra Regel Alnus viridis *A. fruticosa (Rupr.) Nyman Betula alnus crispa (Aiton) Michx. Betula crispa Aiton Duschekia crispa Pouzar Duschekia fruticosa (Rupr.) Pouzar Duschekia viridis (Chaix) Opiz e American green alder; alder p.p., brown alder (Canada); green alder p.p.; greenwood (Canada); mountain alder f aulne vert crispé; aulne crispé, aulne gris d'Amérique, aulne vert p.p. o Amerikanische Grauerle, Bergerle, Lutherstaude (german); ontano alpino, ontano grigio d'America (italian)

348 Alnus viridis subsp. sinuata (Regel) A.Löve & D.Löve

Betulaceae NW MW MC North America (USA: Alaska, Washington to Montana to N California; Canada: Yukon Territory, British Columbia, W Alberta) NE Eurasia (NE Russian Federation) S D sci->hel hyg mes dr(ob) (used by the Bella Coola) fr fw (firewood) sa (against soil erosion, soil improvement)

Alnaster crispa subsp. sinuata (Regel) Muroi Alnaster kamtschaticus Czerep. Alnaster sinuatus (Regel) Czerep. Alnus alnobetula (Ehrh.) K.Koch p.p. Alnus alnobetula var. h stenophylla H.J.P.Winkl. Alnus crispa subsp. laciniata Hulten Alnus crispa subsp. sinuata (Regel) Breitung Alnus crispa subsp. sinuata (Regel) Hulten Alnus crispa subsp. sinuata var. laciniata Hulten Alnus crispa var. sinuata (Regel) Breitung Alnus fruticosa var. kamtschatica (Callier) Kom. Alnus fruticosa var. sinuata (Regel) Hulten Alnus glandulosa Sarg.

Alnus kamtschatica Kom. non Kudo ex Masam. Alnus kamtschatica (Regel) Kudo ex Masam. Alnus kamtschaticus Czerep. Alnus sinuata (Regel) Rydb. Alnus sinuata var. kamtschatica (Callier) Callier Alnus sinuata var. stenophylla Callier Alnus sinuata var. a typica Callier Alnus sitchensis (Regel) Sarg. Alnus sitchensis var. a typica Callier Alnus sitchensis var. b kamtschatica Callier Alnus viridis var. sinuata Regel Alnus viridis b Hook. Alnus viridis b sibirica Regel p.p. Alnus viridis b sibirica lusus b sitchensis Regel Alnus viridis b sibirica lusus d kamtschatica Regel Alnus viridis d sinuata Regel Duschekia sinuata (Regel) Pouzar e Sitka green alder; alder p.p., mountain alder; Sitka alder (Canada); slide alder, wavyleaf alder f aulne vert de Sitka; aulne de Sitka (Canada); aulne sitka o ontano di Sitka (italian); Sitka-Erle (german)

349 Alseis Schott Rubiaceae e alseis f alseis

350 Alseis blackiana Hemsl. Rubiaceae SE North America (Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama) NW MW South America (Colombia, Ecuador, Peru) L fr e Black alseis f alséis de Black

351 Alseis hondurensis Standl. Rubiaceae SE North America (Belize to Panama) L hyg ti (cabinet work, interior construction)

Alseis schippii Lundell e Honduras alseis f alséis du Honduras s guatuzo (Honduras); sapote de montaña; zapotillo blanco (Honduras)

352 Alseis yucatanensis Standl. Rubiaceae SC SE North America (Mexico: Chiapas and Yucatán; Belize) L D [E] hel mes calc ti e Yucatán alseis f alséis du Yucatán s cacao-ché, palo son (Guatemala); papelillo, tabaquillo (Mexico) o dzon (Guatemala); kakaoché (Mexico); son (Guatemala)

353 Alsophila R.Br.

Cyatheaceae Cyathea Sm. p.p. Dichorexia C.Presl Gymnosphaera Blume p.p. Nephelea R.M.Tryon p.p. Thysanobotria Alderw. e alsophila; tree-fern, treefern p.p. f alsophila

354 Alsophila bryophila R.M.Tryon Cyatheaceae SE North America (end Puerto Rico) S E

Cyathea bryophila (R.M.Tryon) Proctor Cyathea pubescens Mett. ex Kuhn Nephelea pubescens (Mett. ex Kuhn) R.M.Tryon e mosseleaf alsophila; tree-fern f alsophila á feuilles de mousse s helecho gigante de la sierra (Puerto Rico)

355 Alsophila cuspidata (Kunze) D.S.Conant Cyatheaceae SE North America (Nicaragua to Panama) NW MW MC SC South America (Colombia to Paraguay) S E [D] dr (heal the wound and stop the haemorrhage) ma (tannin) ti (framing, poles)

Cyathea cuspidata Kunze Cyathea oxyacantha Sodiro Cyathea punctifera H.Christ Nephelea cuspidata (Kunze) R.M.Tryon e cuspidate alsophila f alsophila cuspidé

s chusi chusi (Bolivia); sanu sanu (Peru) o teul shyacta helecho (Ecuador); tyonto (waorani, Ecuador)

356 Alsophila erinacea (H.Karst.) D.S.Conant Cyatheaceae SC SE North America (Mexico:

Veracruz; Costa Rica, Panama) N MW MC SC South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador: Andes, Amazonas; Peru, Paraguay) M

Cyathea aureonites H.Christ Cyathea erinacea H.Karst. Cyathea purpurascens Sodiro Nephelea aureonites (H.Christ) R.M.Tryon Nephelea erinacea (H.Karst.) R.M.Tryon e prickly alsophila f alsophila épineux

357 Alsophila erinacea (H.Karst.) D.S.Conant var. erinacea

Cyatheaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama) N MW MC South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia) M e typical prickly alsophila f alsophila épineux typique

358 Alsophila firma (Baker) D.S.Conant Cyatheaceae SC SE North America (Mexico to Panama) NW MW South America (Ecuador: Coast, Andes) S E hyg->mes Alsophila costalis H.Christ

Alsophila furcata H.Christ Alsophila tenerifrons H.Christ Cyathea arida H.Christ Cyathea costalis (H.Christ) Domin Cyathea firma (Baker) Domin Cyathea gemmifera H.Christ Cyathea mexicana Schltdl. & Cham. Cyathea patellaris H.Christ Cyathea tenerifrons (H.Christ) Domin Cyathea trejoi H.Christ Hemitelia firma Baker Nephelea patellaris (H.Christ) R.M.Tryon Nephelea tenerifrons (H.Christ) R.M.Tryon e firm alsophila f alsophila ferme s cola de mono (Mexico); palma de montana (Guatemala); pesma

359 Alsophila imrayana (Hook.) D.S.Conant Cyatheaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama, Guadeloupe to St. Vincent) N MW South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Suriname, French Guiana; Ecuador: Sucumbios, Napo, Pastaza) S

Cyathea caribaea Jenman Cyathea imrayana Hook.

Cyathea imrayana var. caribaea (Jenman) Proctor Cyathea tussacii Duss non Desv. Cyathea tussacii sensu Griseb. Nephelea imrayana (Hook.) R.M.Tryon e Imray alsophila f alsophila d'Imray

360 Alsophila imrayana var. basilaris (H.Christ) Lellinger

Cyatheaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama) N MW South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador) S Cyathea basilaris H.Christ Cyathea reticulata Werckle ex H.Christ Nephelea basilaris (H.Christ) R.M.Tryon Nephelea imrayana var. basilaris (H.Christ) Gastony e basal Imray alsophila f alsophila d'Imray basilaire

361 Alsophila imrayana (Hook.) D.S.Conant var. imrayana

Cyatheaceae SE North America (Lesser Antilles) NC South America (Venezuela) S e typical Imray alsophila f alsophila d'Imray typique

362 Alsophila polystichoides H.Christ Cyatheaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama) M

Alsophila mucronata H.Christ Cyathea caduca H.Christ Cyathea hastulata H.Christ Cyathea hemiothis H.Christ Cyathea polystichoides (H.Christ) Domin Cyathea werckleana H.Christ Nephelea polystichoides (H.Christ) R.M.Tryon e hollyfernlike alsophila f alsophila faux-polystic

363 Alsophila portoricensis (Spreng. ex Kuhn) D.S.Conant

Cyatheaceae SE North America (end Puerto Rico) S E

Cyathea portoricensis Spreng. ex Kuhn Nephelea portoricensis (Spreng. ex Kuhn) R.M.Tryon e PuertoRico alsophila; tree-fern (Puerto Rico) f alsophila de Porto Rico s helecho gigante espinoso (Puerto Rico)

364 Alsophila salvinii Hook. Cyatheaceae SC SE North America (S Mexico to Panama) MW South America

Alsophila munchii H.Christ Cyathea munchii H.Christ p.p. Cyathea salvinii (Hook.) Domin e Salvin alsophila f alsophila de Salvin

365 Alsophila tryoniana (Gastony) D.S.Conant

Cyatheaceae SE North America (Guatemala to Nicaragua) L Nephelea tryoniana Gastony e Tryon alsophila f alsophila de Tryon s soros cafe (Nicaragua)

366 Alstonia R.Br.

Apocynaceae Blaberopus A.DC. Pala (Rheede) Juss. Tonduzia Pittier e alstonia; deviltree f alstonia

367 Alstonia longifolia (A.DC.) Pichon Apocynaceae SC SE North America (Mexico: Chiapas to Panama) M Rauvolfia longifolia A.DC.

Rauvolfia stenophylla Donn.Sm. Tonduzia longifolia (A.DC.) Woodson Tonduzia parvifolia Pittier Tonduzia stenophylla Pittier e longleaf alstonia f alstonia à feuilles longues s chilin drillo (Guatemala)

368 Alstonia macrantha (Woodson) A.H.Gentry

Apocynaceae SC North America (Guatemala) S

Tonduzia longipedunculata Woodson Tonduzia macrantha Woodson e bigflower alstonia f alstonia à grandes fleurs

369 Alstonia pittieri (Donn.Sm.) A.H.Gentry Apocynaceae SC SE North America (Mexico: Chiapas; Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica) M

Tonduzia pittieri Donn.Sm. e Pittier alstonia f alstonia de Pittier

370 Alvaradoa Liebm. Simaroubaceae e alvaradoa f alvaradoa; abbé marron (Haiti) s aroma blanca (Cuba); palo de hormigas (Mexico); palo de sobo (El Salvador); pichi blanco (Argentina); pié de gallo (Mexico); plumajillo (El Salvador, Guatemala); tamarindillo (Cuba); zorra (Honduras) o belcinic-ché, besinic-ché, suitsinic-ché, xbesinic-ché (Mexico)

371 Alvaradoa amorphoides Liebm. Simaroubaceae SC SE North America (N Mexico to Panama; USA: Florida; Bahamas, West Indies) M E [D] hyg->[xer] fw ti (fence posts, general construction)

e Mexican alvaradoa; alvaradoa p.p.

(Bahamas); pinkwing f alvaradoa du Mexique s ardilla (Costa Rica); aromo blanco (Cuba); camarón (Mexico); caratillo (Nicaragua); guachipil, palo de hormiga (Mexico); rabo de ardilla (Costa Rica); zorillo (Nicaragua); zorra (Costa Rica, Honduras); zorro (Honduras, Nicaragua) o belzinic-che (Mexico)

372 Alvaradoa amorphoides Liebm. subsp. amorphoides

Simaroubaceae SE North America (Belize, El Salvador, Costa Rica) S ma (tannin) Alvaradoa amorphoides subsp. typica Cronquist e typical Mexican alvaradoa f alvaradoa du Mexique typique s cortacuero (Belize)

373 Alvaradoa amorphoides subsp. psilophyllis (Urb.) Cronquist Simaroubaceae SE North America (USA: S Florida; Bahamas, Cuba) S?

Alvaradoa amorphoides subsp. psilophylla (Urb.) Cronquist

Alvaradoa psilophylla Urb. e smoothleaf Mexican alvaradoa f alvaradoa du Mexique à feuilles lisses s aroma blanca (Cuba); aromata blanco

374 Alvaradoa arborescens Griseb. Simaroubaceae SE North America (end Cuba) S? xer e arborescent alvaradoa f alvaradoa arborescent s carmín (Cuba)

375 Alvaradoa haitiensis Urb. Simaroubaceae SE North America (end Haiti and Dominican Republic: Bahía de Samaná)

S calc dr (pulverized leaves applied as a bath or massage against malnutrition) e Haiti alvaradoa f alvaradoa abbé-marron; abbé marron (Haiti) o abe mawon, ti abe (creole, Haiti)

376 Alvaradoa jamaicensis Benth. Simaroubaceae SE North America (end Jamaica) S hel xer calc e Jamaica alvaradoa f alvaradoa de la Jamaïque

377 Alzatea Ruiz & Pav. Crypteroniaceae e alzatea f alzatéa

378 Alzatea verticillata Ruiz & Pav. Crypteroniaceae SE North America (Costa Rica, Panama) NW MW MC South America (Colombia, Ecuador: Morona-Santiago; Peru, Bolivia) L

Alzatea mexicana F.Dietr. e verticillate alzatea f alzatéa verticillé

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