How To Get Rid Of Termites

Oplan Termites

Oplan Termites

You Might Start Missing Your Termites After Kickin'em Out. After All, They Have Been Your Roommates For Quite A While. Enraged With How The Termites Have Eaten Up Your Antique Furniture? Can't Wait To Have Them Exterminated Completely From The Face Of The Earth? Fret Not. We Will Tell You How To Get Rid Of Them From Your House At Least. If Not From The Face The Earth.

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Termite Extermination Information

Termites create great damage to your home, which is why you should identify and eliminate them as quickly as they appear. This eBook Oplan Termites teaches you how to solve your termite problem once and for all. Learn how to identify termites, find out if your house is really infested, and eradicate them. Discover Some Of The Most Effective And Time-Proven Methods To Get Rid Of Termites! Learn Some Mean Ways To Really Get Rid Of These Pests From Every Nook And Corner Of Your Home.

Termite Extermination Information Summary

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Author: Scott Harker
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Highly Recommended

This is one of the best books I have read on this field. The writing style was simple and engaging. Content included was worth reading spending my precious time.

As a whole, this manual contains everything you need to know about this subject. I would recommend it as a guide for beginners as well as experts and everyone in between.

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Coptotermes curvignafhus Holmgr Termite

Soldier Head and antennae yellowish mandibles dark reddish brown, yellowish brown at bases pronotum pale yellow. A distinct opening of the frontal gland on the head capsule from which, when alarmed, it produces a white fluid. These soldiers may compose up to 12 of the colony. Reproductive Small, black-brown with silvery wings and fast moving. More taxonomic details are described by Ahmad (1965). They are remarkably efficient at penetrating living trees as well as dead material. This termite can easily be noticed, as it builds runways of soil and faeces on a tree's bark. In defense, the tree exudes a thick clear fluid.

Savannas and Biodiversity

Savannas support a diverse array of herbivores, especially so in the African savannas. Grassland grazers such as zebras and wildebeest are found with herbivores that feed on trees, such as giraffes and elephants. Elephants have been termed a keystone species of African savannas for the role they play in determining the density of trees. When elephant populations are low, acacia trees and shrubs may become so dense that the grasses are shaded out and grassland species disappear. Conversely, if elephant populations are too high, the trees may disappear along with those species that depend on woody plants for food and shelter. Another group of organisms that is particularly notable in tropical savannas for their diversity and numbers, if not their individual size, are the termites. Conspicuous above-ground termite mounds are present in Australian and African savannas, but most termites live underground without building mounds. Termites fill a very important role as one of the major...

Hyperaccumulators of Copper

Haumaniastrum katangense plays an important role in archaeology (Plaen et al., 1982 Brooks and Malaisse, 1985 Brooks, 1989 Brooks and Johannes, 1990). During the precolonial period in Shaba Province, native artisans of the Kabambian culture smelted copper on termite mounds near rivers and brought the copper ore to the sites from mineralised areas elsewhere. After a few seasons, they would abandon the site, but left behind traces of ore that were sufficient to poison the soil and allow the sites to be colonised by metal-tolerant plants such as H. katangense. These plants formed a dense mat that could be recognised later by archaeologists. Excavation of these sites revealed the presence of numerous artifacts of the period, including copper crosses (croisettes) used as currency by the Kabambian culture (Brooks, 1989). Brooks and Malaisse (1985) coined the term phytoarchaeology to describe this technique.

Eucalyptus occidentalis Endl

Growth characteristics Moderately fast-growing. Coppices and root-suckers. Low insect damage reported in New South Wales from leaf beetle. High susceptibility in Western Australia due to damage by the lerp and, especially in its natural range, gumleaf skeletoniser, sawfly and termites. Adaptable to most soil types, tolerates wet and poorly drained sites. Frost-tolerant and drought-hardy. It has performed well on saline irrigated and dryland sites in northern Victoria and Western Australia. Moderately to highly salt-tolerant. Expect reduced growth at ECe ca. 10 dS m and reduced survival at ca. 15-20 dS m.

Eucalyptus robusta Smith

Growth characteristics Moderately fast-growing. Coppices well up to 25 years, then poorly thereafter. Grows well on a wide range of soil types, provided there is adequate moisture. Recovers well after fire damage. Medium to high susceptibility to insect attack. Juvenile foliage very susceptible to leafblister sawfly and autumn gum moth. Adult foliage susceptible to lerp, autumn gum moth, leaf beetle, leafblister sawfly, gumtree hopper, scale and Christmas beetle. Older trees susceptible to eucalypt, bullseye and cossid borers if drought stressed. Susceptible to eucalypt weevil (Gonipterus spp.) and to termites when young. Highly waterlogging-tolerant may form aerial roots on main trunk (evidence from Brazil and Hawaii). Will not tolerate drought sensitive to competition for water and nutrients by more vigorous species. Withstands severe coastal exposure. Slightly to moderately salt-tolerant. Expect reduced growth at ECe ca. 5 dS m and reduced survival at ca. 10 dS m. Suitable for...

Eucalyptus melliodora ACunn ex Schauer

Adult leaves are alternate, broad-lanceolate to lanceolate, glossy green. White flowers appear in mid summer to autumn. Grows on the coastal plains and ranges of central and northern New South Wales, extending into south east Queensland, with scattered occurrences as far north as the Atherton area. Mean annual rainfall is around 700-1200 mm. Occurs in open-forest and woodlands on plains and undulating country. Soils are usually heavy clays or light soils over a clay sub-soil. These are moist but well-drained and moderately fertile. Coppices well. Low susceptibility to insect attack no insect pests reported. Frost-tolerant. Moderately salt-tolerant. Light brown heartwood, sapwood is paler. Wood has a fine uniform texture with an interlocked grain and is very hard, strong, durable and termite-resistant. Air dry density is about 1100 kg m3. Used for heavy engineering construction, poles, crossarms and railway sleepers. Excellent firewood. Useful tree for shade and windbreaks, good...

Solid Wood Utilization

A. mangium has a high incidence of knots, which causes good-quality sawn timber to be unobtainable in significant quantities. Knots can be eliminated through proper pruning regimes. The presence of flutes and incidence of rots and termite attack all detract from both the quality and quantity of sawn timber obtainable from A. mangium logs (Chan 1983). Tree improvement work should therefore aim to produce trees of better form with resistance to termites and fungal attack.

Interactions Between Plants and Animals

The three pictures show examples of the multiplicity of interactions which may occur between plants and animals in all habitats. Drosophyllum lusitanicum is a Mediterranean sundew that catches insects and thus derives additional nutrients (A). In wet mountainous areas of Ecuador, cicadas have a meeting place for mating on Solanaceae (B). Termite savannahs are a widespread vegetation type in the alternate wet and dry tropical African areas (C). (Photos K. M ller-Hohenstein)

Uses If Barteria Nigritiana

Triterpenoids seem to be responsible for the insecticidal activity of Melia azedarach*, Annona spp*. and Santalum album*. The insecticidal action of Sesamum indicum has been attributed to a lignan (sesamin) and that of Duranta repens cultivated in West Africa, to an alkaloid. Vemonia pauciflora, with sesquiterpene lactones (vernolide and hydroxyvernolide), is considered useful for killing termites.

Weevils

Termites Termites occur along the east coast, but they are not a problem in tea tree plantations. However, plantations not protected by a high water table are at risk. At West Wyalong, inland New South Wales, termites are a significant pest causing the death of trees (Gumming 1997). This probably indicates the trees are growing on a poor-quality site outside their natural geographical range. The termites enter the plant through the root system and then continue to feed within the stems. Control of termites will be both difficult and costly.

Economic Importance

This termite is of major economic importance, as it feeds on young seedlings' roots or stems near the ground and penetrates to the heartwood. Attack on trees is primary, regardless of wounds or decay the termites may enter through the root or above ground. During drought periods young trees can be attacked, causing wilting. In mature trees, termites may eat through the inner bark and occasionally cause death (Plate 9.5). Damage prevention is the best form of control. After clearing the ground, destroy all wood before replanting the land. Sajap and Jan (1990) tested two entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae to control Coptotermes curvignathus, and found that both fungi could cause mycoses to the termites. M. anisopliae is evidently more pathogenic than B. bassiana. If control is needed in a high-risk area, apply a water solution of chlordane 1.0 or dieldrin 0.5 around the affected area and nearby best results are obtained when the solution soaks at least...

Where They Grow

They are very common in alpine areas and lowlands, in swamps, and in some deserts. When forest is cleared, grasses usually dominate the landscape. They bind the soil and prevent loss of topsoil all over the world. Grasses are planted as cover crops when land is cleared. Taken together, they cover more area on Earth than any other flowering plant family. They are the dominant plant in the savannas that ring Earth at the boundaries of the tropics, and they dominate the boreal steppe (cold temperate grasslands) and the prairies of North America. Tropical savannas currently cover some 23,000,000 square kilometers, or about 20 percent of Earth's land surface. Dominance of grasses in these habitats is usually maintained either because there is not enough water for trees to survive, there is heavy grazing pressure, or because there are fires frequently enough to keep the trees out. Grasses adapted to fire-prone areas have their growing tip either below ground or well...

Types Of Resistance

There are more than 500 species of Eucalyptus native to Australia they occur naturally from near-rainforest conditions to low semi-arid woodlands (Eldridge et al., 1994). Several of these have become of great importance as exotics in plantations, with more than 20 species being planted commercially in about 50 countries (Ohmart and Edwards, 1991). Although some 96 indigenous herbivores have adapted to feeding on eucalypts in different parts of the world, generally they appear to have caused little harm, while insects native to Australia which have been accidentally introduced have been responsible for much more damage (Ohmart and Edwards, 1991). Termites have caused major mortality of eucalypt seedlings in tropical and subtropical regions so that, without control measures, plantations may not be established. In Brazil and other parts of the American tropics leaf-cutting ants, particularly those in the genus Atta, can also cause defoliation and tree mortality. There have been at least...

Insect Pests

Although very few insects cause significant problems to A. mangium, foresters and forest plantation managers should be prepared to prevent insect attack. Some major pests of agricultural crops are found to attack A. mangium as defoliators, without serious damage. Only a few species could be described as serious pests with profound and serious attacks. These include root feeders (Sternocera aequisignata and termites), branch and stem borers (Sinoxylon spp.), and the red coffee borer (Zeuzera coffeae). These can cause death, deformity, or reduced biomass production of A. mangium, and should be carefully monitored.

Pests and Diseases

Vetiver is extremely resistant to insect pests and diseases (Yoon, 1991 Zisong, 1991). There is evidence from India that when dead vetiver plant material is affected by termites there may be an allelopathic reaction that prevents regrowth of vetiver from the center of the plant, and under severe drought conditions, new young shoots on the periphery of the plant are grazed out and the plant is killed. Alternatively, and most probably, the termite cast is too tough for the new young shoots to penetrate. Management by burning may eradicate this problem (Grimshaw, 1989). Reports from Brazil (York, 1993) suggest that vetiver is resistant to the race 1 (root knot nematodes) Meloidogyne javanica and M. incognita, both serious root nematodes in tobacco. Two Vetiver varieties were screened for resistance against five root-knot nematode populations. The populations are representative of the main genetic groups of Meloidogyne in Australia and consist of four species (viz. M. arenaria, M....