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Carbohydrate Reserves in Plants - Synthesis and Regulation A.K. Gupta and N. Kaur (Editors) © 2000 Elsevier Science B. V. All rights reserved.

Regulation Of Starch Synthesis In Transgenic Plants

P. Sathish* and Heidi F. Kaeppler

Department of Agronomy, 1575 Linden Drive, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.

The objective of this review is to discuss the results and implications of attempts to alter native starch composition in plant storage tissues through genetic engineering. Previously published reviews of this topic [1-4] will be complemented and extended in this paper. Progress made thus far in the manipulation of various enzymes involved in starch synthesis is described. To date, the promoters used to transgenically alter starch synthesis and accumulation are mostly constitutive in expression. Further developments in the bioengineering of starch molecules to suit the various starch-consuming industries may be achieved by altering the timing of gene expression, plausibly by using heterologous promoters from the starch metabolic pathway itself. Similarly, the role of environmental constraints that contribute to metabolic fluxes might have to be manipulated as well. These types of alterations may potentially increase the yield and/or add novel functions through property changes to the starch molecule.

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