Gustavia

Lecythidaceae

Floral characteristics of Gustavia, Grias, Cariniana, and AUantoma A-E, Gustavia hexa-petala (Prance 23413) A, Flower viewed in longitudinal section, the petals have been removed. xO.7 B, Flower with petals removed, note the symmetrical androecium. x0.7 C, Longitudinal section of 1 2 of the ovary showing the expanded placenta on the upper part of the septum. x0.96 margin of the ring in several concentric series with the stamens of each series becoming progressively shorter from the...

Eschweilera Long I

Eschweilera Flower

Medial sections of the androecia of selected species of New World Lecythidaceae. Note different degrees of zygomorphy, increase in starainal sterilization, and increasing complexity of the hood. FIG 10. Photographs of selected species of New World Lecythidaceae which illustrate different structures of the androecium. A, Gustavia superba (unvouchered), note the actinomorphic an-droecium with many stamens B, Grins neuberthii (Prance 16572), note the actinomorphic androecium with fewer...

The Fossil Record

The fossil record of Lecythidaceae is sparse and most specimens are of dubious affinity. It thus provides little data to elucidate possible migratory routes, present day distributions or evolutionary trends in the family. The fossil reports of Lecythidaceae known to us are Berry (1924a, b) described Lecythidoanthus kugleri a fossil flower impression found in a deposit of naturally burnt clay known as porcellanite from the Miocene of Trinidad. This is almost certainly of lecythidaceous affinity....

Opercular opening

Bertholletia Excelsa

General fruit characteristics of neotropical Lecythidaceae as illustrated by Lecythis, a genus with dehiscent fruits A, Lateral view of the fruit of L. ampla (operculum removed, Mori 316) B, Distal view of the fruit of L. ampla (operculum removed, Mori 316) C, Operculum of the fruit of L. ampla (Mori 316) D, Operculum of the fruit of L. pisonis f.Mori 399), note the persistent columella E, Seed of L. minor (Mori 423). line of opercular dehiscence opercular ring courbaril L. (Janzen,...

Systematic Treatment

Hist. Nat. 13 141-165. 1825 sub Lecythidees Myrtaceae tribus Lecythideae Rich, ex DC., Prodromus 3 288-291. 1828 Myrtiflorae subord Lecythideae Endlicher, Gen. PI. 1233-1234. 1840 Myrtaceae subtribus Eulecythideae Benth. amp Hook., Gen. PI. 1 2 720-725. 1865 Lecythidaceae subfam Lecythidoideae Niedenzu in Engler amp Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3 7 26-41. 1892. Small to large trees, leaves alternate, simple, estip late or with minute, caducous stipules, without...

Taxonomic History Of The Lecythidaceae

The first known description and illustration of a member of the Lecythidaceae were made by Frei Christovao, a Portuguese Franciscan missionary, who lived in Maranhao, Brazil from 1624 to 1635. His Historia dos animais e arvores do Maranhao, not published until 1967 and then in manuscript facsimile accompanied by a modern translation, includes a description and illustration of Sapuqaiha, which without a doubt refers to Lecythis pisonis, as well as of Sequeriba, which may be the first reference...

Floral Biology

Despite the abundance of Lecythidaceae in many neotropical forests little information has been gathered about the family's floral biology. Only recently Jackson and Salas, 1965 Dias, 1967 Mori and Kallunki, 1976 Prance, 1976 Mori et al, 1978 have data been published on the subject .This chapter summarizes the information given in the aforementioned papers. Lists of insect visitors to the flowers of Lecythidaceae and of the vouchers of the species of the Lecythidaceae studied are provided in...