Plants with Needlelike or Scale like Leaves

Conifer Cones Scale

FRUITS OF CONIFERS (opposite)

Though the fruits of the yews and junipers are fleshy and bear little resemblance to the usual cones of members of the pine family, all are alike in having developed from naked ovules, Higher flowering plants have their ovules enclosed in ovaries. Each yew fruit consists of a single bony seed partially surrounded by reddish pulp.

Juniper (including Red Cedar "berries" are bluish black and covered with a whitish powder. In most junipers, they completely enclose several seeds.

Variously shaped cones are borne by the other conifers* ; heir seeds are developed at the bases of the cone scales.

I. PLATE i

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