Erect woody plants with leaves always paired.
V CORALBERRY, Syrnphoricarpos orbicularis p. 82
Old fields and open woods; New England, Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, S. Dakota, and Colorado to Florida and Texas,
V SNOW BERRY, Syrnphoricarpos atbus p. 82
Dry and rocky soils; c. Quebec and British Columbia to Massachusetts, w, Virginia, \V. Virginia, Michigan, Wisconsin, Nebraska, and Colorado,
V WOLFBERRY, S. occidentals (not illus,) p. 82
V KALM ST JOHNSWORT, Hypericum kalmianum p. 82
Dry or sandy soils; mostly near Great Lakes. w4 New York, w, Quebec, and w. Ontario to Ohio and Illinois.
V SHRUBBY ST JOHNSWORT, Hypericum spathulatum p, 8:3
Open areas; Massachusetts, Ontario, and Minnesota to Georgia, Alabama, and Arkansas.
V GOLDEN ST. JOHNSWORT p. 83 //, frondosum (not illus.)
V DENSE ST. JOHNSWORT p. 83
densiflorum (leaf illus,)
V CANADA BUFFALOBERRY, Shepherdia canadensis p, 83
Rocky and sandy soils; Newfoundland and Alaska to Maine, n, Ohio, ik Illinois, S, Dakota, and New Mexico.
V SILVER BUFFALOBERRY, S. argentea (not illus.) p. 84
V SANDMYRTLE, Leiophyllum buxifolium p. 84
Sandy pinelands in separated areas; New Jersey, the Carolinas, and in e. Kentucky.
KALM ST. JOHNSWORT
SHRUBBY ST. JOHNSWORT
Leaves without transparent dots
No leafy shoots in leaf-angles
Older bark papery, shreddy; twigs, branchlets round,
Pith hollow somewhat hairy
Leaf of DENSE ST. JOHNS* WORT
Leaves with transparent dots
Clusters of leafy shoots in ^ leaf-angles ^
4-angled ^ tw,9s an KALM ST. JOHNSWORT
rs, hairless ^^^Branchlets
SHRUBBY ST. JOHNSWORT
Leaves not leathery, not evergreen;
brown dots beneath f}] Clusters gj sometimes I
in leaf anales
Leaves small leathery, everg reen
* No 5ca/es af twig bases
Older bark not shreddy shreddy
Twigs, branchlets round, hairless
Twigs with brown and silver scales
CANADA BUFFALOBERRY SANDMYRTLE
III. PLATE 18
The Princess-tree and the catalpas are the only large trees with opposite or whorled simple leaves. The lilacs are the only shrubs with opposite leaves that are mostly heart-shaped and not toothed.
Central end buds are lacking.
t COMMON LILAC, Syringp vulgaris p. 84
Escaped from cultivation, V PERSIAN LILAC, S, persica (not illus-) p. 85
4 PRINCESS-Tl;i ;E, Paulownia tomentosa p. 85
Oriental; waste places; s. New York, W. Virginia, and e* Missouri to n. Florida and s. Texas.
♦ COMMON CATALPA, Catalpa bignonioides p. 85
Gulf Coast; hut escaped from cultivation from s, New England, Ohio, and Michigan to Florida and ¡ exas,
♦ C ; ATA W B A -TREE, G speciosa (not illus.) p, 85
Wet woods; e. Virginia, Ohio, s* Illinois, and Kansas to Louisiana and e. Texas, fV CHINESE CATALPA, G ovata (not illus.) p. 86
leaves T-ZW, tips tapered
Twigs medium to stout; scars not circular
Fruits HV, pecan-shaped; large clusters
Leaves /arge, 6"-ï3j always often paired ^ in 3's //
Fruits 8"-18"; long slender pods
Twigs stout; teaf scars circular
Pith chambered or hollow
III. PLATE 19
SHRUBS WITH OPPOSITE TOOTHED LEAVES
Along with the viburnums (Plate 20), the only erect plants with unlobed leaves of this type. Several are of limited distribution.
V NORTHERN BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE p. 86 DierviUa lonicera
Woods openings, dry soils; Newfoundland and Manitoba to Delaware, w. N. Carolina, Ohio, and Iowa.
V SOUTHERN BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE p. 86
Dl sessilifolia (not ill us,)
V WILD HYDRANGEA, Hydrangea arborescens p. 87
Damp woods; s. New York, Ohio, and Missouri to n. Florida, Louisiana, and Oklahoma.
V ASIATIC HYDRANGEA, H. paniculata (not illus,) p. 87
V OAKLEAF HYDRANGEA, R quercifolia (not illus.) p. 87
BURNINGBUSH, Euonymus atropurpureus p. 87
Damp woods; w. New York, s, Ontario, s. Michigan, centr. Minnesota, and Montana toe. Virginia, n. Alabama, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.
♦V EUROPEAN SPINDLETREE p. 88
E. europaeus (not illus.)
V COMMON BUCKTHORN, Hhamnus cathartica p, 88
Hedgerows, thickets; Nova Scotia, s. Quebec, s, Ontario, s. Wisconsin, and e. N. Dakota to Virginia, Ohio, and Missouri.
♦V SWAMP FOREST!ERA, Forestiera acuminata p. 88
Coastal Plain swamps and river hanks; S, Carolina and n* Florida, west to e. Texas, and north in Mississippi Valley to s. Indiana, centr. Illinois, se, Kansas, and s, Oklahoma.
V UPLAND FORESTIERA, F ligtistrina (not illus.) p. 88
V BEAUTYBERRY, CaUicarpa americana (not illus.) p. 89
V COMMON MOCK-ORANGE, Philadelphia inodorus p. 89
Streambanks and thickets; Virginia and Tennessee to Florida and Alabama, occasionally spreading from cultivation to the
V HAIRY MOCK-ORANGE, P. hirsutus (not illus.) p. 89
V GARDEN MOCK ORANGE
V GRAY MOCK-ORANGE, P. pubescens (not illus.) p. 90
V MARSH-ELDER, Iva frutescens (not illus.) p,90
Twigs with hairy ridges
Scales at twig bases
Leaf scars connected by lines
Spiny twig tips absent usually
No bud sca/es at twig bases
Leaf scars not connected Inner bark not yellow yellow
Twigs dark, unlined
Spiny twig tips sometimes absent
Buds hidden under leaf scars
No bud sta/es of twig bases
Twigs dark, unlined not connected SWAMP FORESTIERA
Leaf scars connected by line
Twigs not green, unlined
Copyrki itfi; material
III. PLATE 20
Identify by subgroups (opposite and on Plate 21), All species except top 2 have very narrow, opposite leaf scars,
♦V WAYFARING-TREE, Viburnum lantana p. 91
Escaped from cultivation; Connecticut to s, Ontario,
V HOBBLEBUSH, Viburnum alnifolium p. 91
Moist woods; Prince Edward L and Ontario to n. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and ne. Ohio, and in mts, to Tennessee and Georgia,
SMOOTH B LACK HAW, Viburnum prunifolium p. 91
Woods and hedgerows; Connecticut, s. Michigan, Iowa, and e. Kansas to n. Florida and Texas.
RUSTY BLACKHAW, Viburnum rufidulum p. 92
Woods and thickets; Virginia, s.Ohio, s, Illinois, Missouri, and se. Kansas to Florida and Texas,
♦v NANNYBERRY, Viburnum lentago p, 92
Woods; New England, w. Quebec, and Manitoba to New Jersey, Ohio, ne, Missouri, and Colorado; in Appalachians to
N. Carolina and Georgia.
V NORTHERN WILD-RAISIN, Viburnum cassinoides p. 92
Swamps atul thickets; Newfoundland and wt Ontario to Delaware, Maryland, Ohio, n. Indiana, and Wisconsin; in nits, to Alabama.
SOUTHERN WILD RAISIN, Viburnum nudum p. 92
Coastal Plain wet woods and hogs; s. Connecticut to Florida, west to e. Texas, and north in the Mississippi Valley to Kentucky and Arkansas.
on this plate ho*e flower clusters of this type
Leaves finely toothed, hearf-shaped; buds without sca/es
Buds often twigs leafstalks)
Leaves ova/, finely foofhed or nof; buds with 2 scales
Side twigs mostly short and stiff; leaves often wide
Leaves dull above, shiny above, never often red-hairy beneath
Stalks of upper leaves not winged, winged, hairless hairy
powdery or brown-hairy
n very red-hairy RUSTY BLACKHAW
Side twigs long and flexible; leaves rarely wi de. Buds hairy or powdery; stalks of upper leaves 'winged
Leaf tips not long-pointed
Leaf tips long^
Large flower buds "covered by scales
often without teeth
Leaves and twigs dull glossy
Large yeilow red flower buds partly covered by scales
Identify by subgroups (opposite and on Plate 20).
V NORTHERN AR ROW WOOD, Viburnum recognitum p. 93
Woods; New Brunswick and s, Ontario to se. New York, n. Ohio, and Michigan,
V SOUTHERN ARROW WOOD, Viburnum dentation p. 93
Woods and thickets; se, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and e* Missouri to 1 orida and Texas.
V SHORTSTALK ARROW WOOD p. 93 \ ri bu rn tt m rafi t i esq u ia n u n i
Woods; sw. Quebec and Manitoba to Georgia, Kentucky, and
V SOFT LEAF ARROWWOOD, Viburnum molle p. 94
Rocky woods; Indiana and Missouri to Kentucky and Arkansas.
» SIFROLD VIBURNUM, V. sieboldii (not illus,) p. 94
V CRANBERRY VIBURNUM p. 94 (HICHBUSH-CRANBERRY) Viburnum trihbum
Woods and tow places; Newfoundland and British Columbia to New England, Pennsylvania, n. Ohio, n. Illinois, ne. Iowa, sw. S. Dakota, se. Wyoming, and Washington.
y SQUASHBERRY, Viburnum edule p. 95
Woods; Newfoundland, Labrador, and Alaska to n. New England, w. Pennsylvania, n, Michigan, n, Wisconsin, n, Minnesota, Colorado, and Oregon,
V MAPLELEAF VIBURNUM, Viburnum acerifolium p. 95
W oods; sw. Quebec and Minnesota to New England, Georgia, and Tennessee.
leaves with a single main midrib, not lofaed
Bud scales several
Leaves hairless or slightly hairy beneath; twigs often ridged
Leaves with 4-22 pairs of teeth
Leaf bases rounded or slightly heart-shaped
Twigs hairless velvety-hairy
b. Leaves velvety-hairy beneath; twigs not ridged
Upper leafstalks under U"
Upper leafstalks longer ^
leaves /obed, 3-5 main veins meef/ng near base
Jl hairy or Ai\ hairless t K
MJ \ hairless beneath /[yMfr beneath nltf hairy beneath
Glands * present ,
^ Bud scales several
^ Buds 2-scaled
CRANBERRY SQUASHBERRY MAPLELEAF
III. PLATE 22
['he only trees with opposite 3- to 5-Iobed leaves. See also Plate
21 (Viburnums 2).
I STRIPED MAPLE (MOOSEWOOD) p. 96
Woods; Nova Scotia. Quebec, centr. Michigan, and Manitoba to New England, Pennsylvania, and Ohio; in mts, to Tennessee and n* Georgia.
4 MOUNTAIN MAPLE, Acer splcatum p. 96
Woods; Newfoundland and e. Saskatchewan to n. New Jersey. Pennsylvania, n. Ohio, Michigan, ne. Iowa, and Minnesota; in mts. to n* Georgia and Tennessee. ♦V SIBERIAN MAPLE, A. xinntdu (not ilhis.) p. 96
Wet woods and second growth; Newfoundland, Ontario, and se. Manitoba to Florida and e. Texas.
4 SILVER MAPLE, Acer saccharinum p. 97
Hit erbanks and floodplains; New Brunswick, s. Ontario, and Minnesota to nw. Florida and e. Oklahoma,
♦ SYCAMORE MAPLE
♦ SUGAR MAPLE, Acer saccharum p. 97
Mature upland forests; Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and sw. Manitoba to Virginia, n. Georgia, and e, Texas. 4 FLORIDA MAPLE, A. harhatum (not illus.) p.98
Mature upland woods; sw. Quebec, Vermont, s. Ontario, se. Minnesota, and ne. S. Dakota to New Jersey, w, Virginia, w, V Carolina, Kentucky, and ne. Kansas.
♦ NORWAY MAPLE, A. platanoides (fmit illus.) p. 9* t¥ HEDGE MAPLE, A. campestre (not illus.) p. PS
Leaves green on both sides
Bark of trunk striped
Bark of trunk rough
Leaves moderately lobed
Bud scales 2
Twigs and buds hairless velvety-hairy
Bark of trunk not striped
Bud scales several leaves silvery white beneath
Bud scales several
Buds red, blunt
Bark of trunk flaking
leaves green on bofh sides
Edges not drooping, drooping
Bud scales several; buds brown, sharp
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