Not Toothed

Erect woody plants with leaves always paired.

V CORALBERRY, Syrnphoricarpos orbicularis p. 82

Old fields and open woods; New England, Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, S. Dakota, and Colorado to Florida and Texas,

V SNOW BERRY, Syrnphoricarpos atbus p. 82

Dry and rocky soils; c. Quebec and British Columbia to Massachusetts, w, Virginia, \V. Virginia, Michigan, Wisconsin, Nebraska, and Colorado,

V WOLFBERRY, S. occidentals (not illus,) p. 82

V KALM ST JOHNSWORT, Hypericum kalmianum p. 82

Dry or sandy soils; mostly near Great Lakes. w4 New York, w, Quebec, and w. Ontario to Ohio and Illinois.

V SHRUBBY ST JOHNSWORT, Hypericum spathulatum p, 8:3

Open areas; Massachusetts, Ontario, and Minnesota to Georgia, Alabama, and Arkansas.

V GOLDEN ST. JOHNSWORT p. 83 //, frondosum (not illus.)

V DENSE ST. JOHNSWORT p. 83

densiflorum (leaf illus,)

V CANADA BUFFALOBERRY, Shepherdia canadensis p, 83

Rocky and sandy soils; Newfoundland and Alaska to Maine, n, Ohio, ik Illinois, S, Dakota, and New Mexico.

V SILVER BUFFALOBERRY, S. argentea (not illus.) p. 84

V SANDMYRTLE, Leiophyllum buxifolium p. 84

Sandy pinelands in separated areas; New Jersey, the Carolinas, and in e. Kentucky.

COR ALBERRY

5NOWBERRY

KALM ST. JOHNSWORT

SHRUBBY ST. JOHNSWORT

Rounded Medicinal Leaf

Leaves without transparent dots

No leafy shoots in leaf-angles

Older bark papery, shreddy; twigs, branchlets round,

Pith hollow somewhat hairy

CORALBERRY SNOWBERRY

Leaf of DENSE ST. JOHNS* WORT

Leaves with transparent dots

Clusters of leafy shoots in ^ leaf-angles ^

BranchletsXV\

4-angled ^ tw,9s an KALM ST. JOHNSWORT

rs, hairless ^^^Branchlets

2-angled

SHRUBBY ST. JOHNSWORT

Leaves not leathery, not evergreen;

brown dots beneath f}] Clusters gj sometimes I

in leaf anales

Leaves small leathery, everg reen

* No 5ca/es af twig bases

Older bark not shreddy shreddy

Twigs, branchlets round, hairless

Twigs with brown and silver scales

CANADA BUFFALOBERRY SANDMYRTLE

1 12

III. PLATE 18

PLANTS WITH OPPOSITE HEART-SHAPED LEAVES

The Princess-tree and the catalpas are the only large trees with opposite or whorled simple leaves. The lilacs are the only shrubs with opposite leaves that are mostly heart-shaped and not toothed.

Central end buds are lacking.

t COMMON LILAC, Syringp vulgaris p. 84

Escaped from cultivation, V PERSIAN LILAC, S, persica (not illus-) p. 85

4 PRINCESS-Tl;i ;E, Paulownia tomentosa p. 85

Oriental; waste places; s. New York, W. Virginia, and e* Missouri to n. Florida and s. Texas.

♦ COMMON CATALPA, Catalpa bignonioides p. 85

Gulf Coast; hut escaped from cultivation from s, New England, Ohio, and Michigan to Florida and ¡ exas,

♦ C ; ATA W B A -TREE, G speciosa (not illus.) p, 85

Wet woods; e. Virginia, Ohio, s* Illinois, and Kansas to Louisiana and e. Texas, fV CHINESE CATALPA, G ovata (not illus.) p. 86

PRINCESS-TREE

COMMON CATALPA

leaves T-ZW, tips tapered

Twigs medium to stout; scars not circular

Fruits HV, pecan-shaped; large clusters

Leaves /arge, 6"-ï3j always often paired ^ in 3's //

Fruits 8"-18"; long slender pods

Twigs stout; teaf scars circular

Pith chambered or hollow

PRINCESS-TREE

Pith solid

COMMON CATALPA

III. PLATE 19

SHRUBS WITH OPPOSITE TOOTHED LEAVES

Along with the viburnums (Plate 20), the only erect plants with unlobed leaves of this type. Several are of limited distribution.

V NORTHERN BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE p. 86 DierviUa lonicera

Woods openings, dry soils; Newfoundland and Manitoba to Delaware, w. N. Carolina, Ohio, and Iowa.

V SOUTHERN BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE p. 86

Dl sessilifolia (not ill us,)

V WILD HYDRANGEA, Hydrangea arborescens p. 87

Damp woods; s. New York, Ohio, and Missouri to n. Florida, Louisiana, and Oklahoma.

V ASIATIC HYDRANGEA, H. paniculata (not illus,) p. 87

V OAKLEAF HYDRANGEA, R quercifolia (not illus.) p. 87

BURNINGBUSH, Euonymus atropurpureus p. 87

Damp woods; w. New York, s, Ontario, s. Michigan, centr. Minnesota, and Montana toe. Virginia, n. Alabama, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.

♦V EUROPEAN SPINDLETREE p. 88

E. europaeus (not illus.)

V COMMON BUCKTHORN, Hhamnus cathartica p, 88

Hedgerows, thickets; Nova Scotia, s. Quebec, s, Ontario, s. Wisconsin, and e. N. Dakota to Virginia, Ohio, and Missouri.

♦V SWAMP FOREST!ERA, Forestiera acuminata p. 88

Coastal Plain swamps and river hanks; S, Carolina and n* Florida, west to e. Texas, and north in Mississippi Valley to s. Indiana, centr. Illinois, se, Kansas, and s, Oklahoma.

V UPLAND FORESTIERA, F ligtistrina (not illus.) p. 88

V BEAUTYBERRY, CaUicarpa americana (not illus.) p. 89

V COMMON MOCK-ORANGE, Philadelphia inodorus p. 89

Streambanks and thickets; Virginia and Tennessee to Florida and Alabama, occasionally spreading from cultivation to the

North.

V HAIRY MOCK-ORANGE, P. hirsutus (not illus.) p. 89

V GARDEN MOCK ORANGE

V GRAY MOCK-ORANGE, P. pubescens (not illus.) p. 90

V MARSH-ELDER, Iva frutescens (not illus.) p,90

Twigs with hairy ridges

NORTHERN BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE

Scales at twig bases

Leaf scars connected by lines

Twigs smooth

WILD HYDRANGEA

Spiny twig tips absent usually

/ present*

green, 4-lined

No bud sca/es at twig bases

Leaf scars not connected Inner bark not yellow yellow

Twigs dark, unlined

BURNINGBUSH

COMMON BUCKTHORN

Buds often

Buds often

Spiny twig tips sometimes absent

Buds hidden under leaf scars

No bud sta/es of twig bases

Twigs dark, unlined not connected SWAMP FORESTIERA

Leaf scars connected by line

COMMON MOCK-ORANGE

Twigs not green, unlined

Copyrki itfi; material

III. PLATE 20

VIBURNUMS (1)

Identify by subgroups (opposite and on Plate 21), All species except top 2 have very narrow, opposite leaf scars,

♦V WAYFARING-TREE, Viburnum lantana p. 91

Escaped from cultivation; Connecticut to s, Ontario,

V HOBBLEBUSH, Viburnum alnifolium p. 91

Moist woods; Prince Edward L and Ontario to n. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and ne. Ohio, and in mts, to Tennessee and Georgia,

SMOOTH B LACK HAW, Viburnum prunifolium p. 91

Woods and hedgerows; Connecticut, s. Michigan, Iowa, and e. Kansas to n. Florida and Texas.

RUSTY BLACKHAW, Viburnum rufidulum p. 92

Woods and thickets; Virginia, s.Ohio, s, Illinois, Missouri, and se. Kansas to Florida and Texas,

♦v NANNYBERRY, Viburnum lentago p, 92

Woods; New England, w. Quebec, and Manitoba to New Jersey, Ohio, ne, Missouri, and Colorado; in Appalachians to

N. Carolina and Georgia.

V NORTHERN WILD-RAISIN, Viburnum cassinoides p. 92

Swamps atul thickets; Newfoundland and wt Ontario to Delaware, Maryland, Ohio, n. Indiana, and Wisconsin; in nits, to Alabama.

SOUTHERN WILD RAISIN, Viburnum nudum p. 92

Coastal Plain wet woods and hogs; s. Connecticut to Florida, west to e. Texas, and north in the Mississippi Valley to Kentucky and Arkansas.

HOBBLEBUSH

OTHER VIBURNUMS

on this plate ho*e flower clusters of this type

Leaves finely toothed, hearf-shaped; buds without sca/es

Buds often twigs leafstalks)

rusty-hairy

WAYFARING-TREE

HOBBLEBUSH

Leaves ova/, finely foofhed or nof; buds with 2 scales

Side twigs mostly short and stiff; leaves often wide

Leaves dull above, shiny above, never often red-hairy beneath

Stalks of upper leaves not winged, winged, hairless hairy

powdery or brown-hairy

SMOOTH BLACKHAW

Buds

n very red-hairy RUSTY BLACKHAW

Side twigs long and flexible; leaves rarely wi de. Buds hairy or powdery; stalks of upper leaves 'winged

Leaf tips not long-pointed

Leaf tips long^

pointed

Large flower buds "covered by scales

j

NANNYBERRY

often without teeth

Leaves and twigs dull glossy

Large yeilow red flower buds partly covered by scales

NORTHERN SOUTHERN

-RAISIN WILD-RAISIN

III. PLATE

VIBURNUMS (2)

Identify by subgroups (opposite and on Plate 20).

V NORTHERN AR ROW WOOD, Viburnum recognitum p. 93

Woods; New Brunswick and s, Ontario to se. New York, n. Ohio, and Michigan,

V SOUTHERN ARROW WOOD, Viburnum dentation p. 93

Woods and thickets; se, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and e* Missouri to 1 orida and Texas.

V SHORTSTALK ARROW WOOD p. 93 \ ri bu rn tt m rafi t i esq u ia n u n i

Woods; sw. Quebec and Manitoba to Georgia, Kentucky, and

Missouri.

V SOFT LEAF ARROWWOOD, Viburnum molle p. 94

Rocky woods; Indiana and Missouri to Kentucky and Arkansas.

» SIFROLD VIBURNUM, V. sieboldii (not illus,) p. 94

V CRANBERRY VIBURNUM p. 94 (HICHBUSH-CRANBERRY) Viburnum trihbum

Woods and tow places; Newfoundland and British Columbia to New England, Pennsylvania, n. Ohio, n. Illinois, ne. Iowa, sw. S. Dakota, se. Wyoming, and Washington.

y SQUASHBERRY, Viburnum edule p. 95

Woods; Newfoundland, Labrador, and Alaska to n. New England, w. Pennsylvania, n, Michigan, n, Wisconsin, n, Minnesota, Colorado, and Oregon,

V MAPLELEAF VIBURNUM, Viburnum acerifolium p. 95

W oods; sw. Quebec and Minnesota to New England, Georgia, and Tennessee.

Single Toothed Leaf

leaves with a single main midrib, not lofaed

Bud scales several

Leaves hairless or slightly hairy beneath; twigs often ridged

Leaves with 4-22 pairs of teeth

Leaf bases rounded or slightly heart-shaped

Twigs hairless velvety-hairy

NORTHERN ARROWWOOD

SOUTHERN ARROWWOOD

b. Leaves velvety-hairy beneath; twigs not ridged

20-30

Upper leafstalks under U"

Upper leafstalks longer ^

SHORTSTALK ARROWWOOD

SOFTLEAF ARROWWOOD

leaves /obed, 3-5 main veins meef/ng near base

Jl hairy or Ai\ hairless t K

MJ \ hairless beneath /[yMfr beneath nltf hairy beneath

Glands * present ,

^ Bud scales several

^ Buds 2-scaled

CRANBERRY SQUASHBERRY MAPLELEAF

VIBURNUM VIBURNUM

III. PLATE 22

MAPLES

['he only trees with opposite 3- to 5-Iobed leaves. See also Plate

21 (Viburnums 2).

I STRIPED MAPLE (MOOSEWOOD) p. 96

Acer pensylvanicum

Woods; Nova Scotia. Quebec, centr. Michigan, and Manitoba to New England, Pennsylvania, and Ohio; in mts, to Tennessee and n* Georgia.

4 MOUNTAIN MAPLE, Acer splcatum p. 96

Woods; Newfoundland and e. Saskatchewan to n. New Jersey. Pennsylvania, n. Ohio, Michigan, ne. Iowa, and Minnesota; in mts. to n* Georgia and Tennessee. ♦V SIBERIAN MAPLE, A. xinntdu (not ilhis.) p. 96

Wet woods and second growth; Newfoundland, Ontario, and se. Manitoba to Florida and e. Texas.

4 SILVER MAPLE, Acer saccharinum p. 97

Hit erbanks and floodplains; New Brunswick, s. Ontario, and Minnesota to nw. Florida and e. Oklahoma,

♦ SYCAMORE MAPLE

♦ SUGAR MAPLE, Acer saccharum p. 97

Mature upland forests; Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and sw. Manitoba to Virginia, n. Georgia, and e, Texas. 4 FLORIDA MAPLE, A. harhatum (not illus.) p.98

Mature upland woods; sw. Quebec, Vermont, s. Ontario, se. Minnesota, and ne. S. Dakota to New Jersey, w, Virginia, w, V Carolina, Kentucky, and ne. Kansas.

♦ NORWAY MAPLE, A. platanoides (fmit illus.) p. 9* t¥ HEDGE MAPLE, A. campestre (not illus.) p. PS

STRIPED

MOUNTAIN NORWAY

SUGAR

BLACK

SILVER

SUGAR

BLACK

Leaves green on both sides

Bark of trunk striped

STRIPED

Notch moderate

Bark of trunk rough

Leaves moderately lobed

Twigs glossy

Bud scales 2

Twigs and buds hairless velvety-hairy

Bark of trunk not striped

MOUNTAIN

Bud scales several leaves silvery white beneath

Notch

Bud scales several

Buds red, blunt

Notch

Bark of trunk flaking

SILVER

Leaves

leaves green on bofh sides

Edges not drooping, drooping

Bud scales several; buds brown, sharp

Twigs dull

SUGAR

BLACK

SECTION IV

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Discarding Negative Habits

Discarding Negative Habits

I ought to change, but I've attempted and failed. Does this seem familiar? Frequently, altering habits does seem insurmountable. A lot of us merely don't have enough motivation to alter our habits all of our foul habits in a way that would really affect our life. We hold them tight as we view them as rewards. But your habits determine your life. Discarding Negative Habits Methods That Will Help You Deconstruct The Bad Habits Holding You Back.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • MEBRAHTU ASMARA
    What is alberry plant tree?
    2 years ago

Post a comment