Miscellaneous Plants With 3 Or More Bundle Scars

All but the top 2 plants have 3 bundle scars; all but 1 have leaves that are never toothed.

V L E AT HER WOOD f Dirca palustris p. 269

Rich woods; New Brunswick, Ontario, and Minnesota to n. Florida and Louisiana.

♦V TALL PAWPAW, Asimina triloba p. 269

Bottomlands; New Jersey, w, New York, s. Ontario, s. Michigan, se. Iowa, and se, Nebraska to n. Florida and e, Texas.

V DWARF PAWPAW, A, pawiflora (not illus,) p. 270

Lowlands and swamps; centr, Maine, s. Ontario, s, Michigan, and centr. Missouri to Florida and e, Texas. 4 TUPELO, N. aquatica (not illus.) p. 270

V SWEET-SPIRES, Itea vir&nica p. 271

Su;<7mps and toet ground; Florida and Texas north along coast to New Jersey and e. Pennsylvania; in Mississippi Valley to Kentucky, s. Illinois, Missouri, and Oklahoma.

V COMMON SPICEBUSH, Lirulera benzoin p. 271

Wooded bottomlands; sw. Maine, s. Ontario, s. Michigan, Iowa, and se. Kansas to Florida and Texas,

V HAIRY SPICEBUSH, L. melissaefolium (not illus.) p, 271 ♦V ALTERNATE-LEAF DOGWOOD p. 271

Cornus alternifolia

Upland woods; Newfoundland, s. Ontario, sc. Manitoba, and c. Minnesota to nw( Florida, Alabama, and n. Arkansas.

SMOKETREE, Cotinus obovatus p. 272

Limestone woods and cliffs in 3 scattered localities; s.-centr. Tennessee to nw. Alabama, sw. Missouri, and nw. Arkansas to e. Oklahoma and s.-eentr. Texas. Also reported in Davies County, Kentucky.

♦V CORKWOOD, Leitneria floridana p. 272

Swamps in scattered localities; se. Georgia and n. Florida, e* Texas and se, Arkansas; and ne. Arkansas and s, Missouri.

Shrub or tree

Leaves regularly over 6" long

Pith frequently chambered

Sweet Gum Trees North Augusta

Shrub

Sweet Gum Trees North Augusta

Bark very tough and fibrous never

Shrub

Buds hidden beneath leaf

Bark very tough and fibrous

Leaves regularly over 6" long never

LEATHERWOOD

Pith frequently chambered

Shrub or tree

End buds without scales, -woolly

TALL PAWPAW

never toothed

SOUR-GUM

Shrub

Shrub

Buds on stalks or with 2 to 3

scales

Leaves never toothed always toothed brown

Twigs green

always toothed green

Leitneria Floridana
Shrub

Pith chambered distinctly some time % faintly

Buds in 2's or more

Dry fruit clusters present in winter

Buds in 2's or more

SWEET-SPIRES

Buds on stalks or with 2 to 3

scales

and twigs very spicy, aromatic

Leaves and twigs very spicy, aromatic hairy beneath, veins follow edges

Pith not chambered hairy beneath, veins follow edges

Shrub or tree

Bud scales 2

Bud scales 2

Pith not chambered

COMMON SPICEBUSH

ALTERNATE-LEAF DOGWOOD

Side bud 2 to 4

Feuille Vegetale

usually

SMOKETREE

Shrub or tree

Side bud 2 to 4

usually

SMOKETREE

Shrub or tree

Shrub or tree clustered never

Side bud scales

CORKWOOD

End buds clustered

Shrub or tree

Side buds long-pointed not chambered never

Side bud scales

CORKWOOD

SPIRE AS

Shrubs generally with toothed leaves, papery hark, raised leaf sears. Umbrella- or cone-like heads of small dry fruits usually present,

V STEEPLEBUSH SPIRE A, Spiraea tomentosa p. 273

Moist meadows; Prince Edward Lt e. Quebec, s. Ontario, and Manitoba, to e, Virginia, n, Georgia, Tennessee, and Arkansas,

V NARROWLEAF SPIREA (MEADOWSWEET) p. 273

Spiraea alba

Damp meadows; nw, Vermont, sw. Quebec, and Saskatchewan to Delaware, w. Carolina, Ohio, n. Missouri, and N. Dakota.

V BROADLEAF SPIREA (MEADOWSWEET) p. 273 Spiraea latifolia

Damp meadows and tundras; Newfoundland, s, Labrador, n. Quebec, and Michigan to Long Island New York, and interior W Carolina,

V DWARF SPIREA, Spiraea corymbosa p. 273

Mountains; n. New Jersey and Pennsylvania to Kentucky and Georgia.

V VIRGINIA SPIREA, Spiral virginiana p. 273

Damp rocky slopes; W, Virginia, w, N. Carolina, and Tennessee,

V JAPANESE SPIREA, SI japonica (not illus.) p. 273

Narrowleaf Meadowsweet

Typical spirea fruit

STEEPLEBUSH

Typical spirea fruit

STEEPLEBUSH

BROADLEAF SPfREA (MEADOWSWEET)

Small Herbal Plants Kentucky

BROADLEAF SPfREA (MEADOWSWEET)

Flowers in long,

Only spirea with twigs and undersides of leaves woolly

STEEPLEBUSH

Twigs yellow-brown

Spireas Planted Hillsides

Flowers and fruits in long, erect clusters pointed, silky

Twigs yellow-brown leaves coarse-toothed wide

Flowers and fruits in long, erect clusters

Buds pointed, silky short, hairless coarse-toothed wide short, hairless

Brown Twig Bundles
Twigs red or purplish brown

NARROWLEAF

BROADLEAF

Spireas Planted Hillsides

stubby DWARF

Leaves coarse above

V middle;

wide stubby DWARF

Flowers, fruits in flaMopped clusters

Buds hairless or not toothed;

Flowers, fruits in flaMopped clusters

Palmate Venation Examples
Twigs yellow-brown to gray

VIRGINIA

leaves coarse-taothed and fruits erect clusters

Short Stubby Erection

leaves coarse-taothed and fruits erect clusters

HOLLIES

trees and shrubs mostly with toothed or thorny leaves. Very tiny, black, sharp stipules on either side of most leaf scars (use lens.).

♦ AMERICAN HOLLY, Ilex opaca p. 274

Moist woods; e, Massachusetts, se. New York, e. Pennsylvania, s. Ohio, se. Missouri, and Oklahoma to Florida and Texas,

V LOW GALLBERRY HOLLY, Hex glabra p. 274

Sandy and peaty soils; Nova Scotia to Florida and Louisiana.

V TALL GALLBERRY HOLLY p. 275

coriacea (leaf illus.) ♦V YAUPON HOLLY, /. vomitoria (leaf illus.) p. 275

fv DECIDUOUS HOLLY, ilex decidua p. 275

Woods and thickets; Coastal Plain and Piedmont Plateau,

Maryland to Florida, west to s. Texas, and north in Mississippi

Valley to sw. Indiana, s. Illinois, Missouri, se. Kansas, and e. Oklahoma.

V JUNEBERRY HOLLY, /. amelanchier (not illus.) p. 275

♦V LARGELEAF HOLLY, ilex montana p. 276

Wet slopes and bottomlands; sw. Massachusetts and w. New York to nw. Florida and Louisiana.

V COMMON WINTERBERRY HOLLY p. 276 Ilex verticil lata

Wet thickets and swamps; Newfoundland and Minnesota to Georgia, Tennessee, and Missouri.

♦V SMOOTH WINTERBERRY HOLLY, Ilex laevigata p. 276

Lowland thickets and swamps; mostly Coastal Plain, s, Maine, and New York to n* Georgia.

Maine Fir Thicket

AMERICAN

LOW GALLBERRY

COMMON WINTERBERRY

AMERICAN

LOW GALLBERRY

COMMON WINTERBERRY

All hollies have tiny black stipules
Maine Fir Thicket

AMERICAN

A-TALL GALLBERRY B—YAUPON

Leaves leathery, evergreen not thorny, thorny, rarely often without teeth

AMERICAN

Gallberry Tree

LOW GALLBERRY

Side twigs stiff

Side twigs stiff

Leaves thin, not evergreen wavy-edged finely, or bluntly sharply toothed toothed

Seeds ridged on curved surfaces

Buds pointed

Side twigs flexible

DECIDUOUS

LARGELEAF

scales broadly pointed

Leaves thin, not evergreen dull, shiny, coarse- finer-

toothed toothed

Seeds smooth Side twigs flexible Buds blunt, scales broadly pointed scales sharply pointed

COMMON WINTERBERRY

scales sharply pointed

Plant Bundle Scars

SMOOTH

WINTERBERRY

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