Hollowed Leaves

Leaves in pairs or whorls and of 2 types, either or both of which may !>e present as indicated on opposite page.

4 NORTHERN WHITE CEDAR (ARBOR VITAE) p. 25 Thuja occidentals

Sivamps and limestone soils; Nova Scotia, Quebec, n. Ontario and s, Manitoba to s. New York, s. Ohio, n. Illinois and e. Minnesota; in mts, to w, N\ Carolina and e. Tennessee,

4 ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR p. 25

Chamaeeyparis th yaides

Swamps near coast; s. Maine to n. Florida and west to Mississippi,

DWARF JUNIPER, Juniperus communis p. 26

Rocky infertile soils; Greenland and Alaska to Virginia, w. Illinois, Minnesota, New Mexico, and California; in mts, to w, S. Carolina, n. Georgia, and e. Tennessee.

4 RED CEDAR, Juniperus virginiana p. 26

Dry soils, old fields; sw, Maine, s, Quebec, s. Ontario, s. Michigan, s, Minnesota, and sw, V Dakota to Georgia and Texas.

fY MEXICAN JUNIPER, mexicana (not illus.) p. 27

Sw, Missouri and w. Texas westward.

V TRAILING JUNIPER, Juniperus horizontals p. 27

/)n/, mostly sandy soils; Newfoundland and Alaska to Maine, nw. New York, n, Illinois, Nebraska, and Wyoming.

NORTHERN WHITE CEDAR

ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR

RED CEDAR (AND JUNIPERS}

Leoves and twigs

not flattened

much flattened

Leoves and twigs much flattened not flattened leaves scafefrlre, hugging the twigs and brancMefs

Eastern, coastal

Northern, inland frees

NORTHERN WHITE CEDAR

ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR

Leaves sca/e/ifce, hugging twigs and branch/eft, or 3-tided hollow needles, or mixed, with scales on older branches, needles on twigs

Fruits, bluish berries

Low shrub, some varieties matlike; rarely a small tree

Needles in whorls of 3, one side white

Branchlets 3-sided

Scalelike foliage \

Needlelike foliage

Needles mostly opposite, entirely green Scale-covered branchlets 4-sided

RED CEDAR

TRAILING JUNIPER

DWARF JUNIPER

Low, creeping, mat-forming shrub

L PLATE 6

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