A leaf, not a leaflet woody
Leaf and buds opposite (useful in winter)
Phough more numerous than those of Section II, the plants with opposite simple leaves are still so few as to be rather easily identified. In winter, of course, plants with opposite leaf scars may be members of either Section II or III and the drawings in both Sections must be reviewed- Care should be taken that the leaves or leaf scars on the stubby, scar-crowded spur branches of some alternate-leaved plants are not thought to be opposite or whorled. No opposite-leaved plants have spur branches.
III- PLATE 12
PARTRf DGEBER RY
us distinguished from climbing vines and erect woody plants. The creeping stems often take root. American Mistletoe (a parasite on branches of broad-leaved trees), p. 69, is included here.
V ST ANDREW'S CROSS, Ascyrum hypericoides p. 67
Sandy and rocky fields and woods; se, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, s. Indiana, s. Illinois, and Kansas to Florida and Texas,
V ST PETERSWORT, Ascyrum starts p. 68
Dry U> moist woods and fields; se. New York, e, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky to Florida and Texas.
V AMERICAN STRAWBERIiY-BUSH p. 68
Euon ymus americanus
Fertile woods; sc. New York, Pennsylvania, s. Illinois, Missouri, and Oklahoma to Florida and Texas,
* RUNNING STRAWBERRY-BUSH, Euonymus obovatus p. 68 Damp woods and thickets; w. New York, s. Ontario, aiul s. Michigan to Tennessee and Missouri.
V PARTRIDGEBERRY, Aiitchella repens p. 68
Forest floors; sw. Newfoundland, s. Quebec, and Minnesota to Florida and Texas.
i TWIN FLOWER, lAnnaea boreal is var. atnericana p. 68
Tundras, hogs, coot swamps; w, Greenland and Alaska to sc. New York, w. Maryland, W. Virginia, we. Ohio, n, Indiana, S. Dakota, Colorado, and n. California.
V ALPINE-AZALEA, Loiseleuria procumbens p. 69
Tundras and bogs; Greenland and Alaska to mts. of Maine, New Hampshire, and Alberta.
V PACHISTIMA, Pachistima canbyi p. 69
Rocky slopes; w, Virginia, W. Virginia, and se. Ohio.
V AMERICAN MISTLETOE p. 69
Phoradendron fiavescens (not ill us.)
PARTRf DGEBER RY
STRAWBERRY-BUSH ST. PEIERSWORT
Leaves narrow not toothed
Twigs dark, rou ndf ridged; branchlets shreddy
ST. ANDREW'S CROSS ST. PETERSWORT
Leaves finely toothed
Twigs green, square, 4-lined; branchlets smooth
Leaves egg-shaped narrow
not g^ toothed forming dense mats
Twigs dark, round, leaves evergreen, BrancMefs not shreddy.
Leaves not leathery
FOREST SHRUBS ALPINE SHRUBS
Climbing by twining stems only and leaves not toothed (but see Japanese Honeysuckle); bark papery; branch lets hollow; scales present at twig bases; opposing leaf scars connected by lines.
Flowers of these vines are of Type A, except for Trumpet Honeysuckle (B),
5f JAPANESE HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera japonica p. 71
Woods and fields; Massachusetts* Ohio, Missouri, and Kansas to Florida and Texas, i WOODBINE HONEYSUCKLE p. 71
L, periclymenum (not illusj
5r HAIRY HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera hirsute p. 71
Thickets and rocky soils; w. England, w. Quebec, and Saskatchewan to Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, and Nebraska, i MOUNTAIN HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera dioica p, 71
Dry thickets and woods; sw, Maine, s. Quebec, Manitoba, and British Columbia to Georgia and net Kansas,
) ROCK HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera protifera p. 72
Hocky areas; e. Massachusetts, s. Ontario, and se. Manitoba to Tennessee, Arkansas, and e. Kansas.
V YELLOW HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera flava p. 72
Rocky areas; V Carolina and Missouri to tieorgia, Alabama, and Oklahoma,
5r PALE HONEYSUCKLE, L, flavida (not illus.) p. 72
^ TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera sempervirens p. 72 Woods; s. Maine, Iowa, and Nebraska to Florida and Texas,
9 Four other t ines with opposite simple leaves, not honeysuckles, are treated in the text only. See Climbing Euonymus, Decumaria, False Jessamine, ami Silkvine on page 70.
Twigs densely hairy; /eaves hairy, green on bof/i sides or purplish below (top 2 species)
Upper leaves not united un
Leaves mostly non evergreen
Flowers IV'-l", white or yellow, hairy inside
Twigs nearly hair/ess; /eaves whifish beneaf/i; upper leaves united; berries red (lower 4 species)
United leaves usually in ted rounded
Uppersides green whitened
Leaves rather nearly narrow circular hairy (or not)
pale yellow, hairy inside
Tips of united leaves somewhat rounded or pointed pointed
Flowers 1 not trumpet- trumpet shaped, orange-yellow shaped,
III. PLATE 14
HONEYSUCKLES (2) — ERECT SHRUBS
Erect shrubs; leaves not toothed; bark papery; papery scales present at twig bases (see arrows); opposing leaf sears connected bv lines.
V TARTARIAN HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera tatarica p. 73
Woot/s borders and thickets; New England, Quebec, and
Ontario to New Jersey, Kentucky, and Iowa.
V EUROPEAN HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera xylosteum p. 73
Escaped to thickets; New England and Michigan to New Jersey and Ohio,
V MORROW HONEYSUCKLE, L. morrowi (not illus,) p. 73 t BELLA HONEYSUCKLE p. 74
V FOUR-LINED HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera involncrata p. 74
Afoi&f woods; e. Quebec, w. Ontario, and Alaska to New Brunswick. Michigan, Wisconsin, and in the West,
V SWAMP HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera oblongifolia p. 74
Acid bogs and white cedar swamps; New Brunswick, se, (Quebec, and Manitoba to e. Maine, w. Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Minnesota.
V NORTHERN HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera viltosa p. 74
Rocky or peaty soils; often swamps and bogs; Newfoundland, s, Labrador, and Manitoba to New England. Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Minnesota.
V CANADA HONEYSUCKLE, Lonicera canadensis p. 75
Woods; Nova Scotia, ne, Quebec, and Saskatchewan to il New Jersey, Pennsylvania, w. N. Carolina, W. Virginia, Indiana, and ne. Iowa,
V STAN DISH HONEYSUCKLE, L. standishii (not illus.) p. 75
Berries red, Type C flowers
Berries red, Type A flowers
Berries black; flowers, see text
Leaves mostly hairless blunt-
Berries red, Type A flowers
Twigs 4- lined
Bud scales long, pointed
_ Bronch/efs_ with white pith
Lower bud scales as long as bud
BrancMefs with white pith mostly mostly hairy hairless
Lower bud scales shorter than bue1
Berries blue, Type C flowers
Leaves hairy or hairy-fringed
Berries red, Type C flowers
Copyrrghlofj rnn&erial io6 HL PLATE 15
Erect shrubs or trees; leaves not toothed; leaf veins follow the smooth leaf edges toward the tips; twigs often reddish or purple;
leaf buds with only 1 pair of scales.
Typical bud shown at right- fe
V ROUNDLEAF DOGWOOD, Cornus rugose p. 75
Woods and thickets; Nova Scotia, e, Quebec, and Manitoba to New England, w, Virginia, W. Virginia, Indiana, and ne. Iowa.
4 FLOWERING DOGWOOD, Corn us florida p. 76
Woodlands; s\v, Maine, s, Vermont, s. Ontario, s. Michigan, and e. Kansas to Florida and e. Texas.
V RED-PANICLE DOGWOOD, Cornus racemosa p. 76
Hedgerows and thickets; centr. Maine, s. Ontario, and Minnesota to Delaware, W, Virginia, Kentucky, and Oklahoma,
V RED-OSIER DOGWOOD, Cornus stolonifera p. 76
Wet places; Newfoundland, s, Labrador, and Alaska to New York, w. Maryland, W, Virginia, Indiana, Nebraska, New Mexico, and California, V STIFF DOGWOOD, C foemina (not illus.) p. 77
V SILKY DOGWOOD, Cornus amotnum p. 77
Wet places; s. Maine and Indiana tos. New England, Georgia, and Alabama.
* NARROW LEAF DOGWOOD, C\ obtiqua (not illus.) p. 77
ROUGHLEAF DOGWOOD, Cornus drummondi p. 77
Wet places; s, Ontario, Illinois, and Nebraska to Mississippi and e. Texas,
PRICE DOGWOOD, C. priceae (not illus.) p. 78
FLOWERING DOGWOOD OTHER DOGWOODS
Leaves broad roundish, oval, woolly hairless below
pairs of veins
Twigs, branchlets green or reddish, blotched purple
Twtgs, etc,, green to dark purple; flower buds stalked
leaves raf/ier narrow; usually 3-5 pairs of veins smooth, often hairless
Twigs brown, branchlets gray, hairless; pith brownish
Twigs, branchlets bright red, typically hairless; pith white
Leaves rather narrow; usua//y 3-5 pairs of veins smooth (see text)
Twigs and branchlets dull purple, silky; pith brown jt
rough above, hairy below
Twigs reddish, branchlets brown or gray, rough-hairy; pith usually brown
ill PLATE iti
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