Clematis ligusticifolia Buttercup family Ranunculaceae

Range: Our whole range; w. to CA; n. to Can. Brushy hillsides and streamsides, 3,000' - 8,500'.

One of four "woody" vines in our range—the others are Alpine clematis in the fir-aspen belt, Virginia creeper in the pine-oak bélt, and canyon grape (opposite).

Instantly recognizable in the fall because of the conspicuous fluffy white balls covering the female vine (p. 97). It sprawls over bushes, trees, rocks or anything handy, so that it looks as if the supporting object were in full fruit rather than the clematis. The flowers have no petals, but the 4 sepals are petal-like, creamy white and rather showy, but are only about 1 inch across. Tendril-like leaf stems with 5 leaflets help it climb, sometimes] from 20 to 40 feet.

Male and female flowers grow on separate plants.

Indians and settlers alike chewed the plant as a sore throat and cold remedy. Cuts and sores on horses were treated with an infusion of the leaves. Clematis-seed poultices were used on burns. i

Canyon Grape

Arizona grape, vid [Sp: vine, esp. the grape vine], parra cimarrona [wild grape vine]

Arizona grape, vid [Sp: vine, esp. the grape vine], parra cimarrona [wild grape vine]

Range: Our whole range (CO?); w. to CA; s. to Mex. Near watercourses in canyons, gulches and ravines, 2,000' - 7,500'.

There .is no mistaking this wild grape with its large (11/2 to 31/4 inches) maplelike leaves, shreddy bark, coiling branched tendrils, and, in seasor clusters of juicy black purple fruits. It climbs over bushes, small trees and rocks

Throughout the centuries, in literature and in art, the grape has been a symbol of revelry and joy, and contributed to many a bacchanalian bash. Our canyon grape is no exception. The fruits mature in July and August, and even though they have a very tart flavor and are not very palatable when eaten from the vine, they make fine jellies, preserves, grape juice and wine. Grape pie is made occasionally from the fresh or dried grapes. Even the tendrils can be eaten raw for a distinctively different tidbit.

Canyon grape flowers are very small and white and appear in clusters opposite the leaves. It is interesting to note that a "petal-cap" comes off in one piece, exposing the stamens.

The Pueblo Indians cultivated the vine for its fruits which they ate raw or sun dried them for later use.

Wild grapes are eaten by many small animals, as well as by almost 100 species of birds, some using the bark for nests.

Poison Ivy poison-sumac(h), hiedra (yedra) mala [evil vine]

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