References

1 Cramer, W.A., Zhang, H., Yan, J., Kurisu, G. and Smith, J.L. (2006) Transmembrane traffic in the cytochrome b6f complex. Annual Review of Biochemistry, 75, 769-90.

2 Ferreira, K.N., Iverson, T.M., Maghlaoui, K., Barber, J. and Iwata, S. (2004) Architecture of the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving center. Science, 303, 1831-8.

3 Loll, B., Kern, J., Saenger, W., Zouni, A. and Biesiadka, J. (2005) Towards complete cofactor arrangement in the 3.0A resolution structure of photosystem II. Nature, 438, 1040-4.

4 Amunts , A. , Drory , O. and Nelson , N. (2007) The structure of a plant photosystem I supercomplex at 3.4A resolution. Nature, 447, 58-63.

5 Jordan, P., Fromme, P., Witt, H.T., Klukas, O., Saenger, W. and Krauss, N. (2001) Three-dimensional structure of cyanobacterial photosystem I at 2.5 A resolution. Nature, 411, 909-17.

6 Knoll, A.H. (2003) Life on a New Planet: The First Three Billion Years of Evolution on Earth, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ .

7 Kurisu, G., Zhang, H., Smith, J.L. and Cramer , W.A. ( 2003 ) Structure of the cytochrome b6 f complex of oxygenic photosynthesis: tuning the cavity. Science, 302, 1009-14.

8 Stroebel, D., Choquet, Y., Popot, J.L. and Picot, D. (2003) An atypical haem in the cytochrome b6f complex. Nature, 426, 413-18.

9 Yamashita, E., Zhang, H. and Cramer, W.A. (2007) Structure of the cytochrome b6 f complex: quinone analogue inhibitors as ligands of heme cn. Journal of Molecular Biology, 370, 39-52.

10 Yan, J., Kurisu, G. and Cramer, W.A. (2006) Intraprotein transfer of the quinone analogue inhibitor 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone in the cytochrome b6f complex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 69-74.

11 Huang, D., Everly, R.M., Cheng, R.H., Heymann, J.B., Schagger, H., Sled, V., Ohnishi, T., Baker, T.S. and Cramer, W.A. (1994) Characterization of the chloroplast cytochrome b6f complex as a structural and functional dimer. Biochemistry, 33, 4401 - 9 .

12 Pierre, Y., Breyton, C., Lemoine, Y., Robert, B., Vernotte, C. and Popot, J.L. (1997) On the presence and role of a molecule of chlorophyll a in the cytochrome b6f complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 272, 21901-8.

13 Zhang, H., Huang, D. and Cramer, W.A. (1999) Stoichiometrically bound beta-carotene in the cytochrome b6 f complex of oxygenic photosynthesis protects against oxygen damage. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274, 1581-7.

14 Cramer, W.A., Yan, J., Zhang, H., Kurisu, G. and Smith, J.L. (2005) Structure of the cytochrome b6f complex: new prosthetic groups, Q-space, and the "hors d'oeuvres hypothesis" for assembly of the complex. Photosynthesis Research, 85, 133-43.

15 Joliot, P. and Joliot, A. (1988) The low-potential electron-transfer chain in the cytochrome b/f complex. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 933, 319-33.

16 Lavergne, J. (1983) Membrane potential-dependent reduction of cytochrome b6 in an algal mutant lacking photosystem I centers. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 725, 25-33.

17 Zatsman, A.I., Zhang, H., Gunderson, W.A., Cramer, W.A. and Hendrich, M.P. (2006) Heme-heme interactions in the cytochrome bf complex: EPR spectroscopy and correlation with structure. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128, 14246-7.

18 Whitmarsh, J. (1986) Mobile electron carriers in Thylakoids, in Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology: New Series: Photosynthesis III (eds L.A. Staehelin and T.J. Avenson), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 508-27.

19 Joliot, P. and Joliot, A. (2006) Cyclic electron flow in C3 plants. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1757, 362-8.

20 Moss, D.A. and Bendall, D.S. (1984) Cyclic electron transport in chloroplasts: the Q-cycle and the site of action of antimycin. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 767, 389-95.

21 Widger, W.R., Cramer, W.A., Herrmann, R.G. andTrebst, A. (1984) Sequence homology and structural similarity between cytochrome b of mitochondrial complex III and the chloroplast bf complex: position of the cytochrome b hemes in the membrane. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 81, 674-8.

22 Schutz, M., Brugna, M., Lebrun, E., Baymann, F., Huber, R., Stetter, K.O., Hauska, G., Toci, R., Lemesle-Meunier, D., Tron, P., Schmidt, C. and Nitschke, W. (2000) Early evolution of cytochrome bc complexes . Journal of Molecular Biology, 300, 663-75.

23 Carrell, C.J., Zhang, H., Cramer, W.A. and Smith, J.L. (1997) Biological identity and diversity in photosynthesis and respiration: structure of the lumen-side domain of the chloroplast Rieske protein. Structure, 5, 1613-25.

24 Martinez, S.E., Huang, D., Ponomarev, M., Cramer, W.A. and Smith, J.L. (1996) The heme redox center of chloroplast cytochrome f is linked to a buried five-water chain. Protein Science, 5, 1081-92.

25 Soriano, G.M., Smith, J.L. and Cramer, W.A. (2001) Cytochrome f in Handbook of Metalloproteins (eds A. Messerschmidt , R. Huber, K. Wieghardt and T. Poulos), Wiley, London, pp. 172-81.

26 Yu, J., Hederstedt, L. and Piggot, P.J. ( 1995 ) The cytochrome bc complex (menaquinone:cytochrome c reductase) in Bacillus subtilis has a nontraditional subunit organization. Journal of Bacteriology, 177, 6751-60.

27 Crofts, A.R., Lhee, S., Crofts, S.B., Cheng, J. and Rose, S. (2006) Proton pumping in the bc1 complex: a new gating mechanism that prevents short circuits. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1757, 1019-34.

28 Crofts , A.R. ( 2004 ) The cytochrome bc1 complex: function in the context of structure. Annual Review of Physiology, 66, 689 - 733 .

29 Osyczka, A., Moser, C.C., Daldal, F. and Dutton, P.L. (2004) Reversible redox energy coupling in electron transfer chains. Nature, 427, 607-12.

30 Berry, E.A., Guergova-Kuras, M., Huang, L.S. and Crofts, A.R. (2000) Structure and function of cytochrome bc complexes . Annual Review of Biochemistry, 69, 1005-75.

31 Darrouzet , E. , Moser , C.C. , Dutton , P.L. and Daldal, F. (2001) Large scale domain movement in cytochrome bc1: a new device for electron transfer in proteins. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 26, 445-51.

32 Mitchell, P. (1975) The protonmotive Q-cycle: a general formulation. FEBS Letters, 59, 137-9.

33 Mulkidjanian , A.Y. ( 2005 ) Ubiquinol oxidation in the cytochrome bc1 complex: reaction mechanism and prevention of short-circuiting. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1709, 5-34.

34 Rich, P.R. (2004) The quinone chemistry of bc complexes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1658, 165-71.

35 Glaser, E.G., Meinhardt, S.W. and Crofts, A.R. (1984) Reduction of cytochrome b-561 through the antimycin-sensitive site of the ubiquinol - cytochrome c2 oxidoreductase complex of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides. FEBS Letters, 178, 336-42.

36 de Vries, S., Albracht, S.P., Berden, J.A. and Slater, E.C. (1981) A new species of bound ubisemiquinone anion in QH2: cytochrome c oxidoreductase . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 256, 11996-8.

37 Gao, X., Wen, X., Esser, L., Quinn, B., Yu, L., Yu, C.A. and Xia, D. (2003) Structural basis for the quinone reduction in the bcx complex: a comparative analysis of crystal structures of mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 with bound substrate and inhibitors at the Qi site. Biochemistry, 42, 9067-80.

37 Huang, L.S., Cobessi, D., Tung, E.Y. and Berry, E.A. (2005) Binding of the respiratory chain inhibitor antimycin to the mitochondrial bc1 complex: a new crystal structure reveals an altered intramolecular hydrogen - bonding pattern. Journal of Molecular Biology, 351, 573 - 97 .

39 Esser, L., Quinn, B., Li, Y.F., Zhang, M., Elberry, M., Yu, L., Yu, C.A. and Xia, D. (2004) Crystallographic studies of quinol oxidation site inhibitors: a modified classification of inhibitors for the cytochrome bc1 complex . Journal of Molecular Biology, 341, 281 - 302 .

40 Gao, X., Wen, X., Yu, C., Esser, L., Tsao, S., Quinn, B., Zhang, L., Yu, L. and Xia, D. (2002) The crystal structure of mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 in complex with famoxadone: the role of aromatic-aromatic interaction in inhibition. Biochemistry, 41, 11692 - 702 .

41 Hunte, C., Koepke, J., Lange, C., Rossmanith , T. and Michel , H. ( 2000 ) Structure at 2.3A resolution of the cytochrome bc1 complex from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae co - crystallized with an antibody Fv fragment. Structure, 8, 669-84.

42 Kim, H., Xia, D., Yu, C.A., Xia, J.Z., Kachurin, A.M., Zhang, L., Yu, L. and Deisenhofer, J. (1998) Inhibitor binding changes domain mobility in the iron-sulfur protein of the mitochondrial bc1 complex from bovine heart. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95, 8026-33.

43 Covian, R. and Trumpower, B.L. (2006) Regulatory interactions between ubiquinol oxidation and ubiquinone reduction sites in the dimeric cytochrome bc1 complex . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281, 30925-32.

44 Gutierrez-Cirlos, E.B. and Trumpower, B.L. (2002) Inhibitory analogs of ubiquinol act anti-cooperatively on the yeast cytochrome bcj complex. Evidence for an alternating, half-of-the-sites mechanism of ubiquinol oxidation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277, 1195-202.

45 Rich, P.R. (1988) A critical examination of the supposed variable proton stoichiometry of the chloroplast cytochrome bfcomplex . Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 932,

46 Sacksteder, C.A., Kanazawa, A., Jacoby, M.E. and Kramer, D.M. (2000) The proton to electron stoichiometry of steady-state photosynthesis in living plants: a proton-pumping Q cycle is continuously engaged. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97, 14283 - 8 .

47 Graan, T. and Ort, D.R. (1983) Initial events in the regulation of electron transfer in chloroplasts. The role of the membrane potential. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 258, 2831-6.

48 Cape, J.L., Bowman, M.K. and Kramer, D.M. (2006) Understanding the cytochrome bc complexes by what they don't do. The Q-cycle at 30. Trends in Plant Science, 11, 46 - 55 .

49 Bendall , D.S. and Manasse , R. ( 1995 ) Cyclic photophosphorylation and electron transport. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1229, 23 - 38 .

50 Breyton, C., Nandha, B., Johnson, G.N., Joliot, P. and Finazzi, G. (2006) Redox modulation of cyclic electron flow around photosystem I in C3 plants. Biochemistry, 45,13465-75.

51 Joliot, P. and Joliot, A. (2005) Quantification of cyclic and linear flows in plants . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 4913-18.

52 Joliot, P. and Joliot, A. (2002) Cyclic electron transfer in plant leaf. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99, 10209-14.

53 Kramer, D.M., Avenson, T.J. and Edwards, G.E. (2004) Dynamic flexibility in the light reactions of photosynthesis governed by both electron and proton transfer reactions . Trends in Plant Science, 9,

54 Munekage, Y., Hashimoto, M., Miyake, C., Tomizawa, K., Endo, T., Tasaka, M. and Shikanai, T. (2004) Cyclic electron flow around photosystem I is essential for photosynthesis. Nature, 429, 579-82.

55 Nelson, N. andYocum, C.F. (2006) Structure and function of photosystems I and II. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 57, 521-65.

56 Shikanai, T. (2007) Cyclic electron transport around photosystem I: genetic approaches . Annual Review of Plant Biology, 58, 199-217.

57 Zhang, H., Whitelegge, J.P. and Cramer, W.A. (2001) Ferredoxin: NADP+ oxidoreductase is a subunit of the chloroplast cytochrome b6 f complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276, 38159-65.

58 Cape, J.L., Strahan, J.R., Lenaeus, M.J., Yuknis, B.A., Le, T.T., Shepherd, J.N., Bowman, M.K. and Kramer, D.M. (2005) The respiratory substrate rhodoquinol induces Q-cycle bypass reactions in the yeast cytochrome bc1 complex: mechanistic and physiological implications . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280, 34654-60.

59 Forquer, I., Covian, R., Bowman, M.K., Trumpower, B.L. and Kramer, D.M. (2006) Similar transition states mediate the Q-cycle and superoxide production by the cytochrome bc1 complex . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281, 38459-65.

60 Muller, F., Crofts, A.R. and Kramer, D.M. ( 2002 ) Multiple Q - cycle bypass reactions at the Qo site of the cytochrome bc1 complex . Biochemistry, 41, 7866 - 74 .

61 Muller, F.L., Roberts, A.G., Bowman, M.K. and Kramer , D.M. ( 2003 ) Architecture of the Qo site of the cytochrome bc1 complex probed by superoxide production. Biochemistry, 42, 6493 - 9 .

62 Sun, J. and Trumpower, B.L. (2003) Superoxide anion generation by the cytochrome bc1 complex . Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 419, 198-206.

63 Kramer, D.M., Roberts, A.G., Muller, F., Cape , J. and Bowman , M.K. ( 2004 ) Q-cycle bypass reactions at the Qo site of the cytochrome bcj (and related) complexes. Methods in Enzymology, 382, 21 - 45 .

64 Hunte, C., Palsdottir, H. and Trumpower, B.L. (2003) Protonmotive pathways and mechanisms in the cytochrome bcx complex. FEBS Letters, 545, 39-46.

65 Apel, K. and Hirt, H. (2004) Reactive oxygen species: metabolism, oxidative stress, and signal transduction. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 55, 373-99.

66 Ouyang, Y., Grebe, R., Guo, L.W., Horn, D., Nelson, M., Wang, Q., Whitmarsh, J., Finazzi , G. , Facciotti , C. , Wollman , F.A. , de Vitry , C. and Kallas , T. ( 2004 ) Mutational analysis of the Rieske iron-sulfur protein and the cytochrome bf complex quinone reductase site. Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters, 9, 38-42.

67 Salerno , J. , McGill , J.W. and Gerstle , G.C. (1983) The electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of partially purified cytochrome b6f complex from spinach. FEBS Letters, 162, 257-61.

68 Nitschke, W. and Hauska, G. (1987) On the nature of the g = 6 EPR signal in isolated cytochrome b6f complex from spinach chloroplasts. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 892, 314-19.

69 Zhang, H., Primak, A., Bowman, M.K., Kramer, D.M. and Cramer, W.A. (2004) Characterization of the high-spin heme x in the cytochrome b6 f complex of oxygenic photosynthesis. Biochemistry, 43, 16329-36.

70 Golombek, A.P. and Hendrich, M.P. (2003) Quantitative analysis of dinuclear manganese(II) EPR spectra. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 165, 33-48.

71 Hendrich, M.P. and Debrunner, P.G. (1989) Integer-spin electron paramagnetic resonance of iron proteins. Biophysical Journal, 56, 489 - 506 .

72 Hendrich, M.P., Petasis, D., Arciero, D.M. and Hooper, A.B. (2001) Correlations of structure and electronic properties from EPR spectroscopy of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase . Journal of the American Chemical Society, 123, 2997 - 3005 .

73 Griffith, J.S. (1961) The Theory of Transition - Metal Ions, Cambridge University Press, London.

74 Schunemann, V., Trautwein, A.X., Illerhaus, J. and Haehnel, W. (1999) Mossbauer and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of the cytochrome bf complex. Biochemistry, 38, 8981-91.

75 Abragam, A. and Bleaney, B. (1970) Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of

Transition Ions, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

76 Bencini, A. and Gatteschi, D. (1989) Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Exchange Coupled Systems, SpringerVerlag, Berlin.

77 Palmer, G. (2000) Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Heme Proteins, University Science Books, Sausalito, CA, pp. 121-85.

78 (a) Yeh, C.-Y., Chang, C.J. and Nocera, D.G. (2001) Hangman Porphyrins for the Assembly of a Model Heme Water Channel . Journal of the American Chemical Society, 123, 1514-4.

(b) Cheng, B., Safo, M.K., Orosz, R.D., Reed, C.A., Debrunner, P.G. and Scheidt, W.R. (1994) Synthesis, Structure, and Characterization of Five-Coordinate Aquo (octaethylporphinato)iron(III) Perchlorate. Inorganic Chemistry, 33, 1319-24.

79 de Vitry, C., Desbois, A., Redeker, V., Zito, F. and Wollman, F.A. (2004) Biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of the covalent binding of heme to cytochrome b6. Biochemistry, 43, 3956-68.

80 Shokhirev, N.V. (1998) Co- and counterrotation of magnetic axes and axial ligands in low-spin ferriheme systems . Journal of the American Chemical Society, 120, 981-90.

81 Andersson, K.K., Lipscomb, J.D., Valentine, M., Munck, E. and Hooper, A.B. (1986) Tetraheme cytochrome c-554 from Nitrosomonas europaea. Heme-heme interactions and ligand binding. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 261, 1126-38.

82 Einsle, O., Stach, P., Messerschmidt, A., Simon, J., Kroger, A., Huber, R. and Kroneck, P.M. (2000) Cytochrome c nitrite reductase from Wolinella succinogenes. Structure at 1.6 A resolution, inhibitor binding, and heme-packing motifs . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275, 39608-16.

83 Mowat, C.G., Rothery, E., Miles, C.S., Mclver, L., Doherty, M.K., Drewette, K., Taylor, P., Walkinshaw, M.D., Chapman, S.K. and Reid, G.A. (2004) Octaheme tetrathionate reductase is a respiratory enzyme with novel heme ligation. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, 11, 1023-4.

84 Bamford, V., Dobbin, P.S., Richardson, D.J. and Hemmings, A.M. (1999) Open conformation of a flavocytochrome c3 fumarate reductase. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, 6, 1104-7.

85 Matias, P.M., Morais, J., Coelho, A.V., Meijers, R., Gonzalez, A., Thompson, A.W., Sieker, L., Legall, J. and Carrondo, M.A. (1997) A preliminary analysis of the three-dimensional structure of dimeric di-haem split-Soret cytochrome c from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ATCC 27774 at 2.5-A resolution using the MAD phasing method: a novel cytochrome fold with a stacked-haem arrangement. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2, 507-14.

86 Heitmann, D. and Einsle, O. (2005) Structural and biochemical characterization of DHC2, a novel diheme cytochrome c from Geobacter sulfurreducens. Biochemistry, 44, 12411-19.

87 Upadhyay, A.K., Petasis, D.T., Arciero, D.M., Hooper, A.B. and Hendrich, M.P. (2003) Spectroscopic characterization and assignment of reduction potentials in the tetraheme cytochrome c554 from Nitrosomonas europaea. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125, 1738-47.

88 Alric, J., Pierre, Y., Picot, D., Lavergne, J. and Rappaport, F. (2005) Spectral and redox characterization of the heme c, of the cytochrome b6fcomplex . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 15860-5.

89 Baymann, F., Giusti, F., Picot, D. and Nitschke, W. (2007) The c./l H moiety in the b6f complex studied by EPR: a pair of strongly interacting hemes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 519-24.

90 Xiong, J. and Bauer, C.E. (2002) A cytochrome b origin of photosynthetic reaction centers: an evolutionary link between respiration and photosynthesis. Journal of Molecular Biology, 322, 1025-37.

91 Lange, C., Nett, J.H., Trumpower, B.L. and Hunte, C. (2001) Specific roles of protein-phospholipid interactions in the yeast cytochrome bcj complex structure. The EMBO Journal, 20, 6591-600.

92 Lancaster, C.R. (2003) The role of electrostatics in proton-conducting membrane protein complexes. FEBS Letters, 545, 52-60.

93 Paddock , M.L. , Feher , G. and Okamura , M.Y. ( 2003 ) Proton transfer pathways and mechanism in bacterial reaction centers . FEBS Letters, 555, 45 - 50 .

94 Haines, T.H. and Dencher, N.A. (2002) Cardiolipin: a proton trap for oxidative phosphorylation. FEBS Letters, 528, 35-9.

95 Nelson , M.E. , Finazzi , G. , Wang , Q.J. , Middleton-Zarka, K.A., Whitmarsh, J. and Kallas, T. (2005) Cytochrome b6 arginine 214 of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002, a key residue for quinone-reductase site function and turnover of the cytochrome bfcomplex . Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280, 10395-402.

96 Adelroth , P. and Brzezinski , P. ( 2004 ) Surface-mediated proton-transfer reactions in membrane-bound proteins.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1655, 102-15.

97 Cramer, W.A. and Zhang, H. (2006) Consequences of the structure of the cytochrome b6f complex for its charge transfer pathways. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1757, 339-45.

98 Munekage, Y., Hojo, M., Meurer, J., Endo, T., Tasaka, M. and Shikanai, T. (2002) PGR5 is involved in cyclic electron flow around photosystem I and is essential for photoprotection in Arabidopsis. Cell, 110, 361 - 71 .

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment