In addition to wood's uses for construction and furniture/cabinetry manufacture, other significant uses for wood products include the harvesting of wood for use by the pulp and paper industry, production of fibers for use in industry, conversion of raw wood materials into charcoal, extraction of turpentine and similar compounds for use as solvents and paint additives, and the use of cork in the beverage and manufacturing industries. Even the material previously stripped from the logs and discarded prior to transport to the mill is now used. Tree bark is a valued commodity for use in the landscaping/horticultural industry, and in some cases forms an organic component to artificial soil mixes. It is encouraging to note that today none of the parts of harvested trees are wasted—the technology of wood processing is sufficiently advanced to ensure that one of the world's most valuable and sustainable resources is used as efficiently as possible. Management of forests and natural habitats as sources of wood products is essential to provide for increasing needs of wood by humans. see also Conifers; Cork; Fiber and Fiber Products; Forestry; Paper; Trees; Wood Anatomy.
Robert S. Wallace
Constantine, Albert, Jr. Know Your Woods. New York: Albert Constantine and Son, Inc., 1969.
Forest Products Laboratory. Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material. Madison, WI: U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, 1974.
Hoadley, R. Bruce. Identifying Wood—Accurate Results with Simple Tools. Newtown, CT: Taunton Press, Inc., 1995.
-. Understanding Wood—A Craftsman's Guide to Wood Technology. Newtown, CT:
Taunton Press, Inc., 1997.
Jackson, Albert, and David Day. Good Wood Handbook. Cincinnati, OH: Betterway Books, 1996.
Lincoln, William A. World Woods in Color. Fresno, CA: Linden Publishing Co., Inc., 1986.
Yeast See Fungi.
Photo and Illustration Credits
The illustrations and tables featured in Plant Sciences were created by GGS Information Services. The photographs appearing in the text were reproduced by permission of the following
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How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.