Professor T Sreeramulu 19251974

Professor Tangirala Sreeramulu was born in Aranigadda, Krishna District in Andhra Pradesh, India on November 1, 1925. His early education was in Andhra Pradesh, but for his M.Sc., he went to Agra College, Agra. He specialized in mycology under the guidance of Professor K. C. Mehta, the first scientist to carry out long distance transport of rust spores (uredinales). He worked as a lecturer in the Department of Botany, Andhra University from 1948.

His research career started at Rothmstead Experimental Station, England in 1954 where he worked for his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) on fundamental problems on air spora under the guidance of Professor P. H. Gregory. On his return from the United Kingdom, he worked at the Postgraduate (PG) Centre of Andhra University at Guntur and later, as Professor and Head of the Department of Botany, Andhra University at Waltair (Visakhapatnam) until his untimely death on December 9, 1974.

In such a short life span he established aerobiological research on a firm footing and trained research students such as A. Ramalingam, C.

Professor T. Sreeramulu (1925-1974)

Subba Reddi, B. P. R. Vittal, K. V. Mallaiah, S. T. Tilak, who became outstanding aerobiologists in southern and western India.

His chief aeromycological contribution comprised of spore dispersal problems and airborne plant pathogens. He concentrated mainly on the occurrence of fungal spores pathogenic to rice and sugarcane crops.

He published more than 60 research papers among which included an outstanding paper on 'Spore Content of Air over the Mediterranean Sea' based on data collected by him on his voyage on the passenger ship 'S. S. STRATHMORE,' in which he returned from the United Kingdom to India. For collecting data on airborne spores he used Gregory's portable volumetric spore trap installed on the ship in which he travelled (Vittal 1974).

Besides being an excellent teacher and research worker. Professor Sreeramulu was a man of amicable disposition, affectionate temperament, witty but wise, and very helpful to his colleagues, friends and students. He always believed and strongly advocated the motto 'Publish or Perish.'

All the allergists and aerobiologists from India, owe a great sense of gratitude to Dr. D. N. Shivpuri for initiating and encouraging research work on aerobiology and its direct application to the diagnosis and treatment of allergy.

Dr. Shivpuri was born in Rajouri, Jammu & Kashmir, India on August 10, 1914 and obtained M.B.B.S. in 1949 and M.D. in chest diseases in 1955 from Lucknow University. His professional life was devoted to research and practicing allergy and immunology at Delhi. He D.N. Shivpuri worked at the Vallabhai Patel Chest Institute, affiliated to the University of Delhi.

He had a profound knowledge of aerobiology, allergy and immunology. He guided several research students for their Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Botany (aerobiology), prominent among them are Dr. M. K. Agarwal and Dr. A. B. Singh, who became outstanding research workers in aerobiology and immunology. The former worked at V. P. Chest Institute and later worked at the CSIR centre for biochemicals (Now Institute of Genomics) at Delhi. He also guided several doctors for their M. D. in chest diseases including allergy and immunology. He successfully brought together basic scientists and clinicians for fruitful interaction at scientific meetings by establishing the Indian College of Allergy and Applied Immunology (now the Indian College of Allergy, Asthma and Applied Immunology) in 1967, with its head quarters at the V. P. Chest Institute, Delhi. The college conducts annual conventions in different parts of India and training programmes for general physicians, which involve practical training in aeroallergens, diagnosis and treatment of allergy by using immunotherapy. The methodology for assessment of allergenicity to aeroallergens by skin tests, particularly the grading of skin sensitivity proposed by him in 1962 is widely followed by several clinicians all over India and abroad.

Dr. Shivpuri was also responsible for starting the publication 'Aspects of Allergy and Applied Immunology' in 1967, which has been converted now as the Indian Journal of Allergy and Applied Immunology. He used to participate actively and carry on lively discussions on various problems in allergy and immunology at the annual conventions of the college. He died in 1990 in Delhi after a prolonged illness resulting from a road accident in London in 1985.

The ICAAI has rightly started an Oration Series in his honour by selecting one outstanding speaker in the field of allergy, immunology and allied subjects during annual conventions of the college.

Ruth. M. Leuschner
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