Bees can fly about 24 km/h. They feed on nectar, pollen or honey. For collecting nectar and pollen, bees visit flower after flower during which pollen get stuck to their body and inadvertently perform the most important function in the reproduction of plants namely pollination which leads to fertilization and seed setting. Normally the European honeybees i.e. Apis mellifera forage within half a km of the hive, however under extreme conditions these bees are known to forage up to 8 km from the hive. Many tropical plant flowers are visited for foraging by Apis dorsata (Fig. 12.7) and Apis cerana (Fig. 12.8).
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