Plantation carbon management and climate policy

Under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized countries are committed to reducing their 1990 greenhouse gas emissions from 2008 to 2012 by roughly 5 per cent (UNFCCC, 1997) through their activities in land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), which they nominate. The land-use change from other land uses to new forests (afforestation) or from forests to other land uses (deforestation), the subject of Article 3.3 of the Kyoto Protocol, and their carbon emissions and removals must be reported...

Plantation requirements

Generally, plantations and agroforestry systems promoted by enterprises and development organizations implicitly require significant investment. The specific costs depend on a wide variety of parameters such as plantation size, planting density, management intensity and transport distances. Table 6.2 shows cost examples for smallholder plantations in China and Australia and provides comparative data about smallholder-driven tree-growing initiatives from a case study at the Amazonian highway....