Bibliography

Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala. Silvics of North America, Vol. 1: Conifers. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook 654, 1990.

Homan, Dennis. Biology of Seed Plants: A Laboratory Manual. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1997.

Hori, T., ed. Ginkgo Biloba—A Global Treasure. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1997.

Krussmann, Gerd. Manual of Cultivated Conifers. Portland, OR: Timber Press, 1985.

Nimsch, Hubertus. A Reference Guide to the Gymnosperms of the World. Champaign, IL: Balogh Scientific Books, 1995.

Norstog, Kurt J., and Trevor J. Nicholls. The Biology of the Cycads. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Pielou, E. C. The World of Northern Evergreens. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1988.

Photo and Illustration Credits

The illustrations and tables featured in Plant Sciences were created by GGS Information Services. The photographs appearing in the text were reproduced by permission of the following

Volume 1

Ted Spiegel/Corbis: 2, 17, 96; JLM Visuals: 4, 107; Bojan Brecelj/Corbis: 6; Tom Bean/ Corbis: 9, 49; Thomas Del Brase/The Stock Market: 11; Chinch Gryniewicz; Ecoscene/ Corbis: 13; Charles O'Rear/Corbis: 19; Steve Raymer/Corbis: 21; Alex Rakoey/Custom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.: 28; Wolfgang Kaehler/Corbis: 30, 100; Field Mark Publications: 44; Lester V. Bergman/Corbis: 50, 158; Julie Meech; Ecoscene/Corbis: 53; Raymond Gehman/Corbis: 55; Dr. Kari Lounatmaa; Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers, Inc: 57; Roger Tidman/Corbis: 58; The Purcell Team/Corbis: 60; David Muench/Corbis: 63, 114; Adrian Arbib/ Corbis: 67; Barry Griffiths; National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 76; Kopp Illustration, 81; Prof. Jim Watson; Science Photo Library/ Photo Researchers, Inc: 85; Michael S. Yamashita/Corbis: 87; Pallava Bagla/Corbis: 88; Bettmann/Corbis: 90, 116; Richard T. Nowitz/Corbis: 92, 94; UPI/Corbis-Bettmann: 109; Owen Franken/Corbis: 112; Bill Lisenby/Corbis: 119; Hans & Cassady: 124, 136; Fritz Polking; Frank Lane Picture Agency/Corbis: 128; Ron Watts/Corbis: 130; UPI/Bettmann Newsphotos: 131; David Spears; Science Pictures Limited/Corbis: 138, 143; Dr. Dennis Kunkel/Phototake NYC: 141; Dr. Jeremy Burgess/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 146, 155; Andrew Brown; Ecoscene/ Corbis: 148; Richard Cummins/Corbis: 162.

Volume 2

Arne Hodalic/Corbis: 2; Gregory G. Dimijian/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 5; Michael & Patricia Fogden/Corbis: 9; Dean Conger/ Corbis: 11, 76; Joseph Sohm; ChromoSohm, Inc./Corbis: 16; Darrell Gulin/Corbis: 18, 61; Galen Rowell/Corbis: 23; Courtesy of the Library of Congress: 24, 40, 143; Charles O'Rear/Corbis: 26, 157; Liba Taylor/Corbis: 29; Richard Hamilton Smith/Corbis: 31, 32; Bojan Brecelj/Corbis: 35; Lester V. Bergman/ Corbis: 39, 119, 166, 175; Robert Estall/ Corbis: 48; William A. Bake/Corbis: 52; Rosemary Mayer/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 54; George Lepp/Corbis: 56; Michael S. Yamashita/Corbis: 58, 114; Raymond Gehman/Corbis: 62, 93; Wayne Lawler; Ecoscene/Corbis: 64; Dr. William M. Harlow/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 66; William Boyce/Corbis: 74; David Spears; Science Pictures Limited/Corbis: 82; Roger Tidman/ Corbis: 84; Hans & Cassady: 86; Roger Ressmeyer/Corbis: 103; Susan Middleton and David Liitschwager/Corbis: 107; Robin Foster/Conservation International: 108; John Durham/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 112; Jaime Razuri; AFP/Corbis: 116; Courtesy of Linda E. Graham: 122, 125; Buddy Mays/Corbis: 136; Michael Freeman/Corbis: 142; Field Mark Publications: 146, 186; David Cumming; Eye Ubiquitous/Corbis: 149; Bob Krist/Corbis: 152; Gunter Marx/Corbis: 154; Jim Sugar Photography/Corbis: 156; Courtesy of Dr. Orson K. Miller, Jr.: 162, 163, 164; Lowell Georgia/Corbis: 167, 170; William James Warren/Corbis: 169; Patrick Johns/Corbis: 178; Eric and David Hosking/Corbis: 180; Thomas Bettge,

National Center for Atmospheric Research/ University Corporation for Atmospheric Research/National Science Foundation: 182, 183; Philip Gould/Corbis: 184; Roy Morsch/ The Stock Market: 188; Tom Bean/Corbis: 190; Archive Photos, Inc.: 194; JLM Visuals: 199, 200.

Volume 3

Courtesy of the Library of Congress: 1, 30, 61, 73; JLM Visuals: 3, 49, 106; Corbis: 4; Anthony Cooper; Ecoscene/Corbis: 9; Photo Researchers, Inc.: 11; Archive Photos, Inc.: 12; Ed Young/Corbis: 23, 147; Kansas Division of Travel and Tourism: 26; Asa Thoresen/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 28; Ted Streshinsky/Corbis: 32; Michael S. Yamashita/Corbis: 35; Patrick Johns/Corbis: 38, 96, 104, 125, 187; Cumego/Corbis/ Bettmann: 39; David Spears; Science Pictures Limited/Corbis: 41, 54, 114, 129; W. Wayne Lockwood, M.D./Corbis: 42; Field Mark Publications: 44, 57, 71, 169, 171, 175; Michael & Patricia Fogden/Corbis: 46; Phil Schermeister/Corbis: 52; Judyth Platt; Ecoscene/Corbis: 59; Courtesy of Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA: 62; UPI/Bettmann: 66; Eric Crichton/Corbis: 72; Biophoto Associates; National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 88; Adam Hart-Davis/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 92; Lester V. Bergman/Corbis: 94, 108, 167; Patrick Field; Eye Ubiquitous/Corbis: 103; Michael Boys/Corbis: 105; Sally A. Morgan; Ecoscene/Corbis: 110; Kevin Schafer/Corbis: 112; Jim Zipp; National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 117; Richard T. Nowitz/ Corbis: 120; Wayne Lawler; Ecoscene/ Corbis: 122; Bob Krist/Corbis: 123; Tom and

Pat Lesson/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 158; Raymond Gehman/Corbis: 164; George Lepp/Corbis: 177; Richard Hamilton Smith/Corbis: 181; Nigel Cattlin; Holt Studios International/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 185; Owen Franken/Corbis: 189; Alison Wright/Corbis: 193.

Volume 4

Kevin Schafer/Corbis: 2, 42; Wolfgang Kaehler/Corbis: 5, 7; E. S. Ross: 9; Galen Rowell/Corbis: 14, 127; David Spears; Science Pictures Limited/Corbis: 17, 20, 79, 120, 161, 172; Robert Pickett/Corbis: 19, 101; Dr. Jeremy Burgess/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 21, 159; Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers, Inc.: 22, 142; JLM Visuals: 25, 26, 40, 140, 155, 169; Owen Franken/ Corbis: 27; Philip Gould/Corbis: 30, 70; Corbis: 39, 152; Steve Raymer/Corbis: 49; Mark Gibson/Corbis: 57; James Lee Sikkema: 58; Field Mark Publications: 62, 130, 167; Wayne Lawler/Corbis: 63; Richard T. Nowitz/Corbis: 66; Photo Researchers, Inc.: 68; Karen Tweedy-Holmes/Corbis: 73; Lester V. Bergman/Corbis: 77, 147; Craig Aurness/Corbis: 83; John Holmes; Frank Lane Picture Agency/Corbis: 86; Archivo Iconografico, S.A./Corbis: 92; Paul Almasy/Corbis: 98; Tiziana and Gianni Baldizzone/Corbis: 105; Darrell Gulin/ Corbis: 108; Lynda Richardson/Corbis: 110; Courtesy of Thomas L. Rost and Deborah K. Canington: 112, 113, 114; Laure Communications: 115; Archive Photos, Inc.: 116; Jim Sugar Photography/Corbis: 132; Hugh Clark; Frank Lane Picture Agency/Corbis: 136, 137; Ron Boardman; Frank Lane Picture Agency/ Corbis: 148; Richard Hamilton Smith/Corbis: 165; Joseph Sohm; ChromoSohm, Inc./ Corbis: 175; Dave G. Houser/Corbis: 176.

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