Plants do not live with each other or next to each other at random. This becomes particularly obvious in vegetation units which abut, even if these units are not affected by man. A form of mutual relations is neutralism, where plants are able to live next to each other without influencing each other (recognisably), but this is a special case. The order observed in plant communities and ecosystems arises by interactions.
Interactions take place between individual plants of the same species (intraspecific) or also between individuals of different species (interspecific) and ultimately also at the level of plant
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