Info

Damage

Environment

Amount

Tissue damaged

Magnitude

Timing

Reference

Cnidoscolus texanus (p)

Livestock

Field

no info.

Shoots

38%

no info.

Pollard (1986)

Lepidium virginicum (a)

Lepidoptera

Lab

20%-25%

Leaves

60%

2 weeks

Agrawal (2000)

Raphanus raphanistrum (a)

Lepidoptera

Lab

50%

Leaves

25%-100%

3 weeks

Agrawal (1999)

Salix borealis (p)

ColeĆ³ptera

Field

100%

Leaves

51%-300%

next year

Zvereva et al. (1998)

Salix cinerea (p)

ColeĆ³ptera

Lab

5%

Leaves

72%

3 weeks

Dalin and

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