Fixation and preservation of plankton

A fixative, such as formaldehyde, chemically treats the tissues stopping biochemical activity and increases the mechanical strength. A preservative, such as alcohol or salt, is a natural compound that reduces or stops decomposition without chemically fixing the tissue. Samples preserved in alcohol may shrink or become distorted more than in formaldehyde, but are safer and more pleasant to study, and are suitable for DNA analysis. Therefore the type and amount of fixative preservative used...