Info

50,000 0

1996

1981

1986

1991

1996

Year

Fig. 1.5. Countries supplying fresh pineapple to the US market (Anon., 1998b). Dom, Dominican.

Fig. 1.6. Per capita consumption of fresh and processed pineapple in the USA (Putnam and Allshouse, 1999).

Fig. 1.6. Per capita consumption of fresh and processed pineapple in the USA (Putnam and Allshouse, 1999).

14.0

12.0

TO

n

10.0

O

fc

8.0

s

n

o o

6.0

ra

Ü

a

4.0

er

LL

2.0

0.0

Pineapples

Pineapples

1970

1973

1976

1979

1982 1985 Years

1988

1991

1994

Fig. 1.7. Per capita consumption of bananas, apples, oranges and pineapple in the USA (Putnam and Allshouse, 1999).

approach 20% of the total fresh-pineapple fruit market for Japan (Anon., 1999). In Hawaii, it is estimated that chilled fresh-cut pineapple represents up to 10% of the total fresh-fruit market. High-pressure processing has recently been used to extend the shelf-life of chilled fresh-cut fruit (Aleman et al., 1994). Commercialization of this process will be dependent on the costs versus benefits of high-pressure processing equipment.

Most of the world production (about 70%), and most of the canned pineapple

(about 95%), comes from the cultivar 'Smooth Cayenne'. 'Queen' is present in small specific niches of high-quality and expensive fresh fruit (Loeillet, 1996). The increasing importance of fresh pineapple in the temperate markets is putting pressure on the multinational corporations to switch to cultivars that are superior to 'Smooth Cayenne' as fresh fruit. As industries shift to domestic fresh-fruit markets because of competition in processed fruit, 'Smooth Cayenne' does not provide today's consumer with the

Fig. 1.8. Major countries supplying fresh fruit to the European market (Anon., 1998b; Loeillet, 1994).

180,000 160,000 -140,000 -120,000 -100,000 -80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0

Ivory Coast

Costa Rica

Honduras Ghana

Dominican Rep.

180,000 160,000 -140,000 -120,000 -100,000 -80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0

Fig. 1.8. Major countries supplying fresh fruit to the European market (Anon., 1998b; Loeillet, 1994).

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

Year

Fig. 1.9. Metric tons of pineapple imported into Japan (Anon., 1997, 1999).

best fruit quality (Paull, 1993; Sanewski and Scott, 2000). Taiwan, Hawaii, Malaysia, Australia, Cuba, Brazil and the French are putting resources into developing cultivars specifically for domestic fresh-fruit markets. A first result of these efforts has been the recent and successful introduction of a low-acid cultivar by Del Monte from Costa Rica into the European and American markets (Malezieux, 2000).

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