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Comprehensive information on the nutrient requirements of 'Smooth Cayenne' pineapple exists, but the same quality and quantity of information are not available for most other varieties of pineapple. The ideal soil and tissue nutrient levels have been developed for this variety and in many areas they are used to guide the application of fertilizers, especially where intensive farming practices are used. Such practices represent the ideal situation, as they allow for the maintenance of optimum plant nutrition while minimizing the hazards to environmental quality of overfertilization. Such information is or will be needed for the other important cultivars and for any new hybrids that have different nutrient requirements from those of 'Smooth Cayenne'. Very large amounts of N and K are applied to pineapple where cultural practices are intensive. Potassium is usually retained well by most soils and losses by leaching do not represent an environmental hazard. The fate of the large amount of N applied to pineapple remains insufficiently known and more work should be done to understand the nitrogen dynamics of pineapple-based cropping systems. Studies are needed to demonstrate that the large amount of nitrogen applied to the well-managed pineapple crop does not contaminate groundwaters with nitrate. It is likely that environmental concerns will eventually require that farmers manage nutrients in a way that protects both ground- and surface waters from nutrient contamination.

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