There are many putative control targets in the life cycle of plant-parasitic nematodes. Comparative genomics will undoubtedly increase our knowledge of the parasitic life style and the vulnerable phases. However, the challenge will be to translate this information to viable, environmentally benign control or management options. This chapter has focused on the nematode side of the plant-nematode interaction and has highlighted some putative targets. We have not discussed plant resistance or genetic engineering to interfere with nematode invasion and development. This research area of developing plant resistance to nematodes is undoubtedly important, but it is possible that future management options may be based on perturbing several different aspects of the nematode's life cycle to achieve a desired level of control.
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