In recent years, the world has seen a growing awareness of health and environmental issues, and sustainability has become a key word in discussions on economic development, particularly in relation to developing countries. The community is becoming more and more conscious of these issues globally, and government policies in industrialized as well as developing countries are increasingly being formulated to encourage organic and sustainable agriculture. Producers are turning to certified organic farming systems as a means of lowering input costs, decreasing reliance on non-renewable resources, capturing high-value markets and premium prices, and boosting farm income. Organic farming severely restricts the use of artificial chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Instead, it relies on developing a healthy, fertile soil and growing a mixture of crops. Supplementing the nutrient requirement of crops through organic composts/manures is essential for sustaining soil fertility and crop production. Many producers, manufacturers, distributors and retailers specialize themselves in growing, processing and marketing an ever-widening array of organic food and fibre products. In India, AM fungal inoculants are now widely used to the satisfaction of increasing numbers of organic gardeners and farmers.
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