Zizyphus numalaria Linn

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Family Name: Rhamnaceae

Local Name/ Ber, Bera/Jujube berries

English Name:

Flowering Period: May-August

Status: Common

Part Used: Whole plant

Medicinal Plants Kashmir
Fig. 3.99 Zizyphus numalaria Linn

Family Name:





Medicinal Uses: Collection:


A thorny shrub, found mostly in waste places along cultivated fields in dry soil.

Pakistan: Balouchistan, Kurram, Kohat, Hazara, Dir,

Chitral, Swat, Kashmir, Rawalpindi district, and Margalla Hills. World: India, Nepal, and sub-Himalayan tracts.

A shrub up to 4 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody, with spines and dark gray bark. Leaves simple, petiolate, entire, oval-shaped, green shiny above and yellowish under surface. Flowers small, yellowish, numerous. Fruit yellowish-red, one-seeded drupe (Fig. 3.99).

1 kg of ripe fruit and 250 g of fresh leaves are collected by men and women 20-40 years old. Fruit is collected in late summer (September-November) and dried in sunlight for 3-4 days, while leaves are collected in summer (April-September).

(a) 200 g of dried fruit is ground for 8-10 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from constipation. For children, xh tsp (3-4 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 1-2 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (15-20 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days.

Family Name:


(b) 200 g of fresh leaves is ground daily for 8-10 min; 1 cup (250 mL) of water is mixed in. Then it is filtered with a cloth and given to patients suffering from diarrhea and skin diseases (allergy). For children, xh cup (125 mL) of drug (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 4-5 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of drug (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days. Constipation, skin diseases (allergy), and diarrhea. Fruit in both fresh and dried forms is edible. Leaves are used as fodder for goats and sheep. The plant is used as firewood and for hedges and fencing. Fresh leaves are spread under dead bodies, so there is no smell from corpses in the summer. Wood is used to make agricultural implements. Alkaloid frangufdine, triterpenoids, triterpene esters, aporphine alkaloid, zizyphus, saponins I-III and jujuba saponins I-IV, ziziphin, querecetion-3-O-glucoside, diglucoside, rutinoside, rhamnetin and eriodictyol (Lvs), sugar, amino acids, minerals, volatile constituents, phospholipid, triterpene oligoglycosides A and C, acetyljujuboside B, spinosin, vicenin, apigeni (fla-vonoid), B-glucopyransoyl, and B-glucopyranoside [78].

Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical



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Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

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