Withania somnifera L Dunal

Family Name:

Solanaceae

Local Name/

Kutilal/Winter cherry

English Name:

Flowering Period:

Throughout year

Status:

Common

Part Used:

Leaves

Habit/Habitat:

A medium-sized shrub, grows in dry soil.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Gilgit, Swat, Khyber Agency, Peshawar,

Hazara, Nowshera, Kohat, Waziristan, Tank, D. I.

Khan, Attock, Jhelum, Multan, Faisalabad,

Baluchistan, and Karachi. World: Canary Islands,

Mediterranean region, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey,

Palestine, Africa, and India.

Description:

A suffruticose shrub. Branches ascending. Shoots are

stellate-tomentose. Leaves elliptic-ovate to broadly

ovate, acute, cuneate or oblique, entire to repand.

Flowers sessile to subsessile, greenish-yellow, in

axillary. Fruit berry globose, red (Fig. 3.96).

Fig. 3.96 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

Fig. 3.96 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

Family Name:

Solanaceae

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Diseases Cured: Phytochemicals:

'V kg of leaves are collected by men, women, and children 12-40 years old.

200 g of leaves are crushed, a little water is added, and the juice is given to cure cholera, dysentery, and as an antiemetic. For children, 1-2 tsp (5-10 mL) of juice is given (only once per day) for 2-3 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (12-15 mL) of drug (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days.

Cholera, dysentery; used as antiemetic.

Steroidal lactones, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannin, etc. have been identified; withanolides, sitoindosides [75].

Fig. 3.97 Woodfordiafruticosa (L.) S. Kurz

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