Vitis vinifera Linn

Family Name:

Vitaceae

Local Name/

Angoor, Kwar/Vine

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-May

Status:

Cultivated

Part Used:

Fruit, leaves

Habit/Habitat:

A climbing shrub, propagated through branches in home

gardens.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Cultivated in Balouchistan, Swat, Chitral,

Biltistan, Astor, and Kashmir. World: Cultivated in

tropical and temperate regions of the world.

Description:

A climbing shrub up to 25 m in length. Stem climber,

weak, branched, woody with dark brown bark. Leaves

simple, alternate, petiolate, palmate, upper surface green

under surface grayish-green and toothed. Flowers are

yellowish-green, small, numerous, and in clusters. Fruit

globose, yellow with two seeds (Fig. 3.95).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection:

120 g of fresh leaves is collected by men 20-40 years old,

in summer (April-July).

Family Name:

Vitaceae

Recipes:

Disease Cured: Ethnobotanical

Uses: Phytochemicals:

120 g of fresh leaves are ground daily for 10-15 min; 2 tsp (12-15 g) of common salt and 3 cups (750 mL) of water are also added. Then it is filtered and given to patients suffering from kidney pain/stone. For children, not used. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of juice (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days.

Kidney pain (stone).

Leaves are used as fodder by goats and sheep. Unripe fruit is used in chutneys; ripe fruit is edible.

Moisture, ash, acidity, reduced sugar, grape sugar, gum tannin, tartaric acid; citric and malic acids; chlorides of K and Fe; sulfate of potash; tartrate lime, magnesia, alum, iron, albumin; resins contain Ca, Mg, K, P, and Fe beside gum; sugar, fixed oil, fat, tannic acid; tannins [9] contains 7-24% alcohol [27].

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