Vitex negundo Linn

Family Name:


Local Name/

English Name: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:


Marwani, Maravandai, Ninna/Indian privet/Five-leaved chaste tree


Whole plant

A small shrub, grows mostly in waste places alongside roads, streams, and cultivated lands.

Pakistan: Kurram, Khyber, Swat, Hazara, Rawalpindi district, Murree Hills, Jhelum Valley, and Kashmir. World: North Africa, India, and widely naturalized.

A medium-sized shrub up to 2 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody with grayish hairy bark. Leaves palmately compound with 3-5 leaflets, petiolate, entire with upper green and under grayish surface due to soft gray hairs. Flowers small, fragrant, pale violet to pink-mauve in axillary panicles. Corolla is with 5 subequal lobes. Fruit drupe and subglobose with single black seed (Fig. 3.94).

125 g of dried seeds are collected by men 20-40 years old, in winter (November-February), and stored in a plastic or glass bottle for further use.

60 g of dried seeds of Vitex negundo, 30 g of

Trachyspermum ammi, and 2-3 tsp of common salt (15-20 g) are ground together for 10-15 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from stomach disorders, gas trouble, and cholera. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days.

Fig. 3.94 Vitex negundo Linn

Family Name:


Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical



Gas trouble, cholera, and stomach grippe.

Twigs are used as a toothbrush (miswak); elastic branches are used to make rope (sub) and baskets. The plant is used as fuelwood when dry.

Glucononitol, P-hydroxy benzoic acid, 5-hydroxy isophthalic acid, 3-4 dihydroxy benzoic acid, gluco-side, flavone, 5,3 dihydroxy-7, 8,4 and 5,3 dihy-droxy-6, 7,4 trimethoxy flavonones, 5-hydroxy-3, 6,7,3,4 pentamethoxy flavone and 3,5 dihydroxy 3,4,6-7-tetramethoxy flavole, glucose, 5-oxy iso phthalic acid, B-sitosterol, vanillic, luteolin, amino acid, glycine, alamine, valine, and lucine [74] .

Fig. 3.95 Vitis vinifera Linn

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Dealing With Asthma Naturally

Dealing With Asthma Naturally

Do You Suffer From ASTHMA Chronic asthma is a paralyzing, suffocating and socially isolating condition that can cause anxiety that can trigger even more attacks. Before you know it you are caught in a vicious cycle Put an end to the dependence on inhalers, buying expensive prescription drugs and avoidance of allergenic situations and animals. Get control of your life again and Deal With Asthma Naturally

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment