Vitex negundo Linn

Family Name:


Local Name/

English Name: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:


Marwani, Maravandai, Ninna/Indian privet/Five-leaved chaste tree


Whole plant

A small shrub, grows mostly in waste places alongside roads, streams, and cultivated lands.

Pakistan: Kurram, Khyber, Swat, Hazara, Rawalpindi district, Murree Hills, Jhelum Valley, and Kashmir. World: North Africa, India, and widely naturalized.

A medium-sized shrub up to 2 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody with grayish hairy bark. Leaves palmately compound with 3-5 leaflets, petiolate, entire with upper green and under grayish surface due to soft gray hairs. Flowers small, fragrant, pale violet to pink-mauve in axillary panicles. Corolla is with 5 subequal lobes. Fruit drupe and subglobose with single black seed (Fig. 3.94).

125 g of dried seeds are collected by men 20-40 years old, in winter (November-February), and stored in a plastic or glass bottle for further use.

60 g of dried seeds of Vitex negundo, 30 g of

Trachyspermum ammi, and 2-3 tsp of common salt (15-20 g) are ground together for 10-15 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from stomach disorders, gas trouble, and cholera. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days.

Fig. 3.94 Vitex negundo Linn

Family Name:


Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical



Gas trouble, cholera, and stomach grippe.

Twigs are used as a toothbrush (miswak); elastic branches are used to make rope (sub) and baskets. The plant is used as fuelwood when dry.

Glucononitol, P-hydroxy benzoic acid, 5-hydroxy isophthalic acid, 3-4 dihydroxy benzoic acid, gluco-side, flavone, 5,3 dihydroxy-7, 8,4 and 5,3 dihy-droxy-6, 7,4 trimethoxy flavonones, 5-hydroxy-3, 6,7,3,4 pentamethoxy flavone and 3,5 dihydroxy 3,4,6-7-tetramethoxy flavole, glucose, 5-oxy iso phthalic acid, B-sitosterol, vanillic, luteolin, amino acid, glycine, alamine, valine, and lucine [74] .

Fig. 3.95 Vitis vinifera Linn

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