English Name: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
Marwani, Maravandai, Ninna/Indian privet/Five-leaved chaste tree
A small shrub, grows mostly in waste places alongside roads, streams, and cultivated lands.
Pakistan: Kurram, Khyber, Swat, Hazara, Rawalpindi district, Murree Hills, Jhelum Valley, and Kashmir. World: North Africa, India, and widely naturalized.
A medium-sized shrub up to 2 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody with grayish hairy bark. Leaves palmately compound with 3-5 leaflets, petiolate, entire with upper green and under grayish surface due to soft gray hairs. Flowers small, fragrant, pale violet to pink-mauve in axillary panicles. Corolla is with 5 subequal lobes. Fruit drupe and subglobose with single black seed (Fig. 3.94).
125 g of dried seeds are collected by men 20-40 years old, in winter (November-February), and stored in a plastic or glass bottle for further use.
60 g of dried seeds of Vitex negundo, 30 g of
Trachyspermum ammi, and 2-3 tsp of common salt (15-20 g) are ground together for 10-15 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from stomach disorders, gas trouble, and cholera. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days.
Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical
Gas trouble, cholera, and stomach grippe.
Twigs are used as a toothbrush (miswak); elastic branches are used to make rope (sub) and baskets. The plant is used as fuelwood when dry.
Glucononitol, P-hydroxy benzoic acid, 5-hydroxy isophthalic acid, 3-4 dihydroxy benzoic acid, gluco-side, flavone, 5,3 dihydroxy-7, 8,4 and 5,3 dihy-droxy-6, 7,4 trimethoxy flavonones, 5-hydroxy-3, 6,7,3,4 pentamethoxy flavone and 3,5 dihydroxy 3,4,6-7-tetramethoxy flavole, glucose, 5-oxy iso phthalic acid, B-sitosterol, vanillic, luteolin, amino acid, glycine, alamine, valine, and lucine  .
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.