Viola canescens Wall ex Roxb

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Family Name:


Local Name/

Phul-naqsha, Banafsha, Bamasha/Sweet violet

English Name:

Flowering Period:




Part Used:

Whole plant


A small herb, grows in waste, cold, shady places in fertile

loamy soil.

Fig. 3.93 Viola canescens Wall. ex Roxb

Family Name: Violaceae

Distribution: Pakistan: Hazara, Kurram, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Murree

Hills, Galis, Kohat, Salt Range, Jhelum Valley, and Kashmir. World: Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Bhutan.

Description: A small stoloniferous herb up to 10 cm tall. Stem under ground and dark brown. Leaves pubescent, simple, petiolate, toothed, chordate, and green. Flowers pale violet or violet. Spur long, straight to slightly curved. Fruit a small capsule, hairy (Fig. 3.93).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 1 kg of fresh plant material is collected by men and children 14-40 years old, in summer (March-June), and dried in shade for 4-5 days.

Recipes: 10-15 g of dried or fresh plant material is boiled in 1 cup

(250 mL) of water for 8-10 min; 2 tsp (10-15 g) of sugar is also added. Then it is filtered with a cloth or filtration pot and given to patients suffering from fever, cold, cough, asthma, jaundice, headache, sore throat, or toothache. For children, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given once daily, at bedtime, for 3-4 days. For adults, 2 cups (500 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given once daily, at bedtime, for 8-10 days.

Diseases Cured: Fever, cold, cough, asthma, jaundice, headache, toothache, and sore throat.

Family Name:



Leaves are grazed by cattle.



Triacetonamine, saponin, odoratine, glycoside, methyl

salicylic ester, violine viola-quercitrin, salicylate, gum,

mucilage, and sugar [1, 30].

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