English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
Gidhar tambco, Khargnwag/Mullein
A stout herb, found on dry rocky slopes in hard and dry clay.
Pakistan: Balouchistan, Kurram, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Gigit, Baltistan, Dras, and Kashmir. World: Temperate Eurasia, Afghanistan, India, and Southwest China.
A densely woody, stout perennial herb, up to 1 m tall. Stem is simple, erect, unbranched, and covered with dense tomentum. Leaves simple, sessile, winged along stem, green, covered with dense tomentum. Flowers yellowish in stout spikes with dense hairy filaments. Fruit cup-shaped, grouped together on short stalks (Fig. 3.92).
xh kg of fresh leaves is collected by men 20-40 years old, in summer (April-August).
xh kg of fresh leaves is ground daily for 8-10 min and then mixed with xh kg of Triticum aestivum flour (pinna), 2-3 tsp (15-20 g) of salt, and 1 cup (250 mL) of water. This paste is given to cattle suffering from dysentery and diarrhea; 150-200 g of drug (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 2-3 days.
Family Name: Scrophlariaceae
Diseases Cured: Dysentery and diarrhea in cattle.
Phytochemicals:_Mucilage, traces of volatile oil, tannin, and wax [56, 57].
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