Tribulus terrestris L

Family Name: Zygophylaceae

Local Name/ Markondai/Small caltrop

English Name:

Flowering Period: April-August

Status: Common

Family Name:

Zygophylaceae

Part Used:

Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Fruit

A small herb, found in sandy soil at barren places.

Pakistan: Gilgit, Chitral, Dir, Swat, Hazara, Kashmir, Baltistan, Jhelum, Sargodha, Rawalpindi, Multan, Lahore, D. G. Khan, Khairpur, Karachi, Thatta, Tharparkar, Dadu, and Quetta. World: Tropical and subtropical countries in Asia, Africa, S. Europe, N. Australia, and introduced to tropical regions of the New World.

Annual or biennial, prostrate, whitish silky pubescent herb. Stem hirsute to sericeous, branches spreading. Leaves paripinnate, leaflets ovate to elliptic-oblong, broad. Flowers yellow. Fruit mericarps, densely crested and tuberculate on dorsal side, densely hairy to glabrescent, spiny (Fig. 3.89).

xh kg of fresh fruit is collected by men or women 20-40 years old, daily in September and October. Fruit are cleaned, washed, and dried under shade up to 1 week.

Family Name: Zygophylaceae

Recipes: (a) 200 g of dried fruit of Tribulus is ground into powder and boiled in water. This decoction is used to cure dorsal pain, for body cooling, and as a tonic. For children, 1 cup (250 mL) of drug twice daily is given for 10-15 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of drug is given 2-3 times per day for 20-25 days. Phytochemicals: Terrestribisamide, 25R-spirost-4-en-3, 12-dione and tribulusterine, N-p-coumaroyltyramine, terrestriamide, hecogenin, aurantiamide acetate, xanthosine, fatty acid ester, ferulic acid, vanillin, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and _^-sitosterol [72]._

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