Taraxacum officinale Weber

Family Name:

Asteraceae

Local Name/

Hand, Kanphool, Zear gulay, Dudal/Dandelian

English Name:

Flowering Period:

February-May

Status:

Common

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A common perennial herb, mostly grows in open waste

places alongside cultivated fields in clay loam.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Found in all four provinces. World:

Cosmopolitan.

Description:

A small, glabrous, perennial herb with rosette of basal

leaves. Stem underground, long, simple or branched

rhizome. Plant parts exude a milky juice. Leaves arise in

rosette from rhizome, bright green, pinnately lobed, and

runcinate-lyrate. Flowers yellow, all ligulate, born on

scapigerous heads. Fruit achene, greenish-brown,

terminated by cylindrical stalk, which is surrounded by a

ring of hairs (pappus) (Fig. 3.88).

Family Name: Asteraceae

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: X kg of fresh rhizomes is collected by men and women

25-40 years old, in summer (June-October). These rhizomes are cleaned, washed with water (2-3 times), cut into small 1-2-in. pieces, and then dried in sunlight for 2-3 days. They are stored in cloth or a mud pot for further use.

Recipes: 10-15 g of dried rhizomes are boiled daily in 3 cups

(750 mL) of water for 15-16 min and 15-20 g of sugar is added. When 2 cups (500 mL) of water is left, it is strained with a cloth. This decoction is given to patients suffering from jaundice. For children, X cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given twice daily(morning-evening) for 6-7 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 10-15 days.

Disease Cured: Jaundice.

Ethnobotanical Young leaves are cooked as spinach (sag). The plant is also Uses: grazed by cattle, goats, and sheep.

Photochemicals: Taraxacin, inulin, resin, taraxacerin, levulin, mucilage, pectin, sugar, cholin, taraxatirol, mannite, essential oil, gum, Ca-salt, albumen, glutin, provitamins A, B, C and D; tetrahydroridentin B, taraxacolide-O-P-glucopyrano-side, guaianolides 11p,13-dihydrolactucin, ixerin D, esters, taraxinic acid P-glucopyranoside, 11,13-dihydro-derivative, ainslioside, taraxacoside, an acylated g-butyrolactone glycoside, various triterpenes and phytosterols such as taraxasterol, y-taraxasterol, their acetates and their 16-hydroxy derivatives arnidol and faradiol, a- and P-amyrin, P-sitosterol, P-sitosterol-P-d-

_glucopyranoside, and stigmasterol [28, 71]._

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