Sorghum halepense L Pers

Family Name:


Local Name/English

Baru, Lamjak/Khuskus grass, Johnson grass


Flowering Period:




Part Used:

Whole plant


A perennial wild herb, found in clay of open and waste



Pakistan: Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Gilgit, Hazara, Sargodha,

Rawalpindi, Jhelum, Mianwali, Sahiwal, Lahore,

Multan, Hyderabad, Tharparkar, Baltistan, and

Kashmir. World: Mediterranean region eastward to

Kashmir and southward to Madras. It is widely grown

in the temperate regions, especially in North America.

Family Name: Poaceae

Description: Rhizomatous herb; culms simple or branched up 3 m.

Leaf blades long and wide. Panicle loose when in flower, lanceolate to pyramidal, long and wide. Primary branches compound and ultimately bearing racemes of 1-5 spikelet pairs. Sessile spikelets elliptic, long, hairy, cream to yellow in color. Lower glume keeled above, the wings of the keel widening upward to end in minute teeth. Upper lemma is acute, two-lobed, and long. Pedicilate spikelet is often purplish (Fig. 3.16).

Family Name:


Medicinal Uses: Collection:


Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical Uses:


200 g of fresh roots is collected by men 20-40 years old, in winter (August-December). These roots are cleaned and washed in water 2-3 times and then cut into small 1-2-in. pieces.

200 g of fresh roots is ground daily for 8-10 min and then 1 cup (250 mL) of water is added. This mixture is filtered with a cloth and given to dogs. One cup of drug (at one time) is given twice daily for 3-4 days.

Canine diseases (zarwad) and indigestion.

The plant is used in both fresh and dried forms as fodder for cattle. This grass is also used as cover (ter) of ghara (stock grass) to prevent water entry.

HCN, volatile oil, sesquiterpenes, trans-a-berg-amotene, a-patchoulene, a-himachalene [18, 19]._

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