Solanum nigrum L

Family Name:

Solanaceae

Local Name/

Kachmach, Mako/Common nightshade

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-December

Status:

Uncommon

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A small herb, grows in waste places near houses and

alongside cultivated fields and roadsides in loamy soil.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Found everywhere in waste places. World:

Cosmopolitan.

Kach Mach Plant
Fig. 3.85 Solanum nigrum L

Family Name: Solanaceae

Description: A small herb up to 2 ft tall. Stem erect, branched, herba ceous above, woody below, and green. Leaves simple, opposite, petiolate; oval-shaped, hairy, green, and developed on main stem and branches. Flowers white. Fruit rounded berry, orange-red to black with many white seeds (Fig. 3.85).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 125 g of fresh leaves is collected by men, women, and children 12-40 years old, in summer (April-August).

Recipes: 125 g of fresh leaves is boiled in 3-4 cups (750-1000 mL)

of water daily for 10-15 min. When 1 cup (250 mL) of water remains, then it is filtered with a piece of cloth; used to treat swelling, skin diseases, inflamed and painful parts of body and to clean wounds and mouth sores. Half a cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is applied 3-4 times per day for 6-7 days for mouth sores.

Diseases Cured: Body and joint swelling, skin diseases, mouth sores, inflamed and painful body parts; to clean wounds.

Ethnobotanical Young leaves are used as spinach (sag) and also used as Uses: fodder by goats, sheep, and cattle. Berries are edible.

Kateli Solanum Nigrum
Fig. 3.86 Solanum surratense Burm, f

Family Name:

Solanaceae

Phytochemicals:

Alkaloidal glycosides, solasonine, solamargine,

B-solamargine, tigogenin, solasodine a-solasonine,

saccharopine, 2-aminoadipic acid, and hemagglutinins [70],

3.4.68 Solanum surattense Burm. f.

Family Name:

Solanaceae

Local Name/

Mohri, Kateli, Maraghona/Indian solanum

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-December

Status:

Uncommon

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A branched herb, grows mostly in waste places in dry rough

clay.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Found in all four provinces. World: North Africa,

South and Southeast Asia, Australia, and Polynesia.

Description:

A prostrate, branched, prickly herb up to 1 m in length.

Stem prostrate, herbaceous, dark green, with yellow

thorns and branches. Leaves simple, dark green, peti-

olate, elliptic-oblong, wavy, with yellow thorns. Flowers

bluish purple, 2-4 in number, with yellow anthers. Fruit

yellow, globose berry with many seeds (Fig. 3.86).

Family Name:

Solanaceae

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Diseases Cured:

Ethnobotanical

Uses: Phytochemicals:

250 g of fresh plant material is collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in summer (March-July). First, thorns are removed by keeping the plant on a light fire. Then it is cut into small 1-2-in. pieces.

200 g of plant material is boiled in 1 L of water daily for 20-25 min. Five to six small amount black peppers and 2-3 tsp (20-25 g) of common salt is also added. When X L of water remains, it is filtered with a cloth or filtration pot. This decoction is given to cattle and patients suffering from indigestion, fever, cough, stomach disorders, and asthma and to improve hunger. For children, X cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given with bread 2-3 times per day for 6-7 days. For adults, 1-2 cups (250-500 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given with bread 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For cattle: 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction if given (at one time) twice daily (morning-evening) for 4-5 days.

Fever, cough, stomach disorders, asthma, and indigestion in cattle.

The plant is used as fodder by camels. It is also cooked as a vegetable.

Agluco-alkaloid solancarpine, solacarpidine, and sterol "Carpesterol" [28]._

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Responses

  • Aatifa
    What is kachmach saag?
    2 years ago

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