Section C 2 Angiosperms Dicots 341 Acacia catechu LF Wild

Family Name:


Local Name/English

Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Khair, Katha, Kuth/Cutch tree



Whole plant

A deciduous medium-sized tree, found on waste places in dry soil.

Pakistan: Western Himalayas, Hazara, Peshawar,

Rawalpindi, Margalla Hills, Swat, and Attock. World: Tropical and foothill Himalayas, India, Nepal, Sikkim, Burma, and Assam.

A medium-sized tree up to 10 m tall. Stem erect, branched, woody, brown rough bark, and hook-shaped pointed spines. Leaves compound, leaflet 30-50 pairs, green. Flowers pale yellow in axillary spikes. Fruit legume. Pods are flat and brown, each dehiscing by two valves with 5-10 seeds (Fig. 3.19).

Heart wood gum (kath) is not collected locally, but is purchased from the local market (20 rupees/60 g).


Medicinal Uses Acacia

Family Name:



Diseases Cured:

Ethnobotanical Uses:


4-5 g of kath is dissolved in 2-3 tsp (15-20 mL) of water and given to patients, especially children (5-15 years old), suffering from mouth sores, diarrhea, earache, sore throat, and eye diseases, 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days.

Mouth sores, sore throat, diarrhea, earache, and eye diseases.

Leaves used as fodder by goat and sheep. Plant used as firewood, thatching, hedges, and fencing; for making agricultural tools (handle plows) and implements; and as timber wood. Young twigs are used as toothbrushes

Tannic acid, catechuic acid, tannin, gum, oleic, lauric, myristic, palmatic, stearic, epoxy oleic, linoleic, linolenic, and arachidic acids, hydrocarbons, fatty acids, and glycerides [20]._

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