Section C 1 Angiosperms Monocots 331 Allium cepa Linn

Family Name:

Alliaceae

Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Parts Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Piaz/Onion March-April Commonly cultivated Bulb and leaves

A perennial cultivated herb, cultivated in loamy soil along with Allium sativum. Pakistan: Cultivated throughout the country. World: Cosmopolitan in distribution, found on the main islands of Indonesia, in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Thailand, and Bangladesh. A perennial cultivated herb. Stem underground bulb, with inner fleshy and outer dry scales, white to brown in color. Roots small adventitious. Leaves arise from the bulb, green, fleshy, hollow and cylindrical, basal, sheathing. Flowers are white, umbellate, perianth of six tepals, in two whorls. Fruit capsular (Fig. 3.7).

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Family Name: Alliaceae

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: Bulbs are collected by men, women, and children

12-40 years old, in summer (May-July); cleaned, washed in water 2-3 times, then dried in sunlight for 6-7 days, and stored in cotton sacks or baskets for further use.

Recipes: (a) 2 or 3 bulbs (250 g) are ground daily for

8-10 min and 1 cup (250 mL) of water is mixed in. This juice is given to patients suffering from cholera. For children, xh cup (125 mL) of juice (at one time) is given 3-4 times per day for 1-2 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of juice (at one time) is given 3-4 times per day for 1-2 days.

(b) 60 g of fresh bulb scales is dried in sunlight for 4-5 h and then ground for 4-5 min. This powder is stored in a glass or silver pot and is given to patients suffering from diarrhea and dysentery. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is mixed in xh cup of curd and given 2-3 times per day for 1-2 days. For adults, 2 tsp (10-12 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is mixed in 2 cups of curd and given 3-4 times per day for 1-2 days.

(c) X kg of bulbs is ground for 8-10 min daily; then 2-3 tsp (25-30 g) of salt is mixed in. This paste is then mixed with 2-3 breads and given to cattle suffering from stomach disorders and fever (takwo). A dose of 250 g of drug (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days.

(d) 2 to 3 scales of Allium cepa are slightly dipped in Brassica campestris (sarson) oil and then warmed for 1-2 min. These scales are then secured on top of skin lesions once daily for 2-3 days.

Diseases Cured: Cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, pimples, skin lesions, stomach disorders, and fever (cattle).

Ethnobotanical Uses: Bulbs and leaves are in used in chutneys, salads, and curries, as spices and condiments.

Phytochemicals: Volatile oil, sulfur, essential oil, organic sulfur, quercetin, moisture, ether, albuminoids,

Fig. 3.8 Allium sativum Linn

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