Name: Flowering Period: Status: Parts Used: Habit/Habitat: Distribution:
Partal, Plundar, Achar/Silver fir
Stem, bark, wood
A characteristic tree, grows in subtropical pine forests.
Pakistan: Swat, Hazara, Dir, and Galiyat. World: Afghanistan, Himalayas eastward to W. Nepal.
Tree up to 30 m tall or more, with a narrow pyramidal shape. Bark light gray to brown. Leaves spiral, dark green, shiny. Male cones 1-2 cm long, axillary, reddish-green. Female cones solitary or in pairs, violet-purple. Seeds wing twice as long as the seed
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
200 g of fresh leaves is collected in any season by men 20-40 years old; the leaves are cut into small 1-2-in. pieces.
Dried leaves are cut into small pieces, boiled in water, and given to patients. For children, xh cup (125 mL) of drug (at one time) is given 3-4 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, 1-2 cups of decoction is used twice a day for 8-10 days.
The plant is a useful timber tree for building purposes, used in floors and roofs of houses, vehicles, and furniture. Also used for making matches and paper pulp. Along with Taxus, it is also used in gunpowder. The wood is also extensively used as fuel. The dried stumps are very oily and used for fuel and light purposes. The trees are tallest in the forests. They are umbrella-like and provide thick shade and shelter for wild animals, goats, sheep, and shepherds, especially during rainy seasons.
Tricosane, eicosane, heneicosane, docosane, tetracosane, nonadecane, octadecane, 1-docosene, 1-octadecene, heptadecane, and 2,6,10,14-tetramethylhexadecane ,
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