Section A Pteridophytes 311 Adiantum capillusveneris Linn

Family Name: Adiantaceae

Local Name/ Hansraj, Sraj, Pershan, Kakapi/Maidenhair fern

English Name: Spore Period: May-August

Part Used: Leaves

Conservation Status: Common

Habit/Habitat: A wild herb, found in cold, moist, and shady places along

_watercourses in moist clay._

(continued)

A.M. Abbasi et al., Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan, 39

DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-1575-6_3, © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Fig. 3.1 Adiantum capillus-veneris Linn

Family Name: Adiantaceae

Distribution: Pakistan: Sind, Peshawar, Jhelum, Khari Murat Hill,

Attock, Balouchistan, Salt Range, Hazara, Mansera, Batrasi Pass, Kashmir, Kaghan, Naran, Murree, Abbottabat, and Balakot. World: British Columbia, southern U.S., Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Greater and Lesser Antilles, Barbados, Trinidad, Europe, Asia, Africa, Comoro and Mascarene Islands, Hawaii, and Australia.

Description: The main plant body sporophyte, differentiated into roots, stem, and leaves. Roots black, adventitious, arise from the underside of creeping stem. Stem underground rhizome, long and creeping, some time erect, covered with scales. Leaves compound, bipinnate, alternate or spirally arranged on the stem; young leaves circinate. Each leaf has a long, shiny, black, and brittle petiole. Leaflets alternate or opposite, sessile. Rachis black, hard, and 3-40 cm in length. Sporangia with spores are present on underside of the leaves (Fig. 3.1).

Family Name:

Adiantaceae

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Diseases Cured: Phytochemicals:

250 g of fresh plant (leaves) is collected in any season by men and women 20-40 years old. Then the leaves are cleaned and washed in water 2-3 times, They are used in both fresh and dried forms; they are dried in shade for 2-3 days and stored in cotton sacks or baskets for further use.

200 g of fresh plant material is boiled daily in 500 mL of water for 15-20 min. Half a cup (50-60 g) of sugar is also added. When 3 cups (750 mL) of water are left, the water is filtered with a cloth and given to the patient. For children, xh cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 8-10 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 10-15 days.

Cough, asthma, fever, jaundice, cold, chest pain, and measles.

Kaempferol, quercetol, luteol, adiantone, esters, and oxohakonanol [1].

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