English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
Kaljari, Gahi kand, Lupra/Wild sage
A small herb, found in waste places alongside cultivated fields in clay loam.
Pakistan: Quetta, Waziristan, Kurram, Hazara, Salt Range, Taxila, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Kashmir, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, and Islamabad. World: India, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, and Central Asia.
A small herb up to 1 ft tall. Stem erect, branched, herbaceous, provided with nodes and internodes, hairy. Leaves simple, petiolate, whorled, toothed, with upper surface green, and white under surface, hairy. Flowers violet, blue, and small (Fig. 3.83).
250 g fresh roots is collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in summer (June-August), cleaned, washed in water 2-3 times, and then dried in sunlight for 3-4 days.
200 g of dried roots is ground for 8-10 min. This powder is then stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from gas trouble, stomach disorders, diarrhea, and cough. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults (16-60 years), 2-3 tsp (15-20 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days with 1 cup (250 mL) of water.
Family Name: Lamiaceae
Diseases Cured: Diarrhea, gas trouble, stomach disorders, and cough.
Phytochemicals: Volatile oil containing salven, pinene, camphor, cineole, bromeol, thujone, salvene ester, and _sequiterpenes ._
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