Rosa indica Linn

Family Name:

Rosaceae

Local Name/

Gulab, Gulab bhool/Rose

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-August

Status:

Common

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A prickly or spiny shrub, found as a cultivated plant in

home gardens. It is propagated by its vegetative part

(branches).

Distribution:

Pakistan: Found throughout country as common home

garden and park cultivated plant. World: Distributed

throughout the world.

Description:

A small prickly or spiny shrub up to 1 m tall. Stem erect,

branched, woody, and prickly. Leaves compound with

3-5 leaflets, toothed, opposite, petiolate, and green.

Flowers solitary, pinkish, red, and white. Fruit subglo-

bose, fleshy, and bright red (Fig. 3.80).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection:

2 kg of fresh flowers is collected by men, women, and

children 12-40 years old, in summer (April-August).

Rosa Indica Plant
Fig. 3.80 Rosa indica Linn

Family Name:

Rosaceae

Recipes:

1 kg of fresh flower petals and 1 kg of sugar are crushed

together by hand for 20-25 min and then placed in

sunlight for 7-8 days. A mixture, "gulkand" is pre

pared after 1 week, stored in a glass jar, and given to

patients suffering from constipation, inflammation,

leucorrhoea, heart and eye diseases. For children, 1 tsp

(5-6 g) of drug (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day

for 2-3 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (25-30 g) of drug (at

one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 15-20 days.

Diseases Cured:

Constipation, body inflammation, heart and eye diseases,

and leucorrhoea.

Ethnobotanical

It is also cultivated in home gardens as an ornamental

Uses:

plant because of its beautiful flowers.

Phytochemicals:

Essential oil, phenolic antioxidants, hydrolyzable

tannins, flavonols, and anthocyanins [30, 67].

3.4.63 Rumex dentatus Linn.

Family Name:

Polygonaceae

Local Name/

Hula, Ambarvati, Taluni/Dock

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-May

Fig. 3.81 Rumex dentatus Linn

Family Name:

Polygonaceae

Status:

Common

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

An erect annual herb, found as self-growing plant in waste

places and in the cultivated fields of Zea mays in fertile

soil.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Hazara, Peshawar, Quetta, Ziarat, Wazirestan,

Parachinar, Kashmir, Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

World: Iran, Afghanista, India and China.

Description:

A small annual herb up to 2 ft tall. Stem erect, branched,

herbaceous, green, provided with nodes and internodes.

Leaves simple, alternate, redical, pale green, petiolate

with crispy margin. Flowers small, greenish, numerous,

in terminal branched racemes. Fruiting sepals enlarged,

ovate or obovate, winged; wings nervosa, toothed

(Fig. 3.81).

Family Name:

Polygonaceae

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical

Uses: Phytochemicals:

'V kg of fresh roots is collected daily by men 20-40 years old, in summer (March-July), then cleaned, washed 2-3 times in water, and cut into small 1-2-in. pieces.

V kg of fresh roots and V cup (60-80 g) of common salts are ground together for 10-15 min. This paste (pinna) is given to cattle suffering from diarrhea, dysentery, and intestinal worms; 250 g of drug (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 2-3 days. The drug's taste is sour and its color is light pink. Half a liter (500 mL) of milk should be given 8-10 min before the drug is used.

Diarrhea, dysentery, and intestinal worms in cattle.

Young leaves are used as spinach (sag). The whole plant is used as fodder for cattle.

Oxalic acid, potassium binoxalate, oxymethyl anthraqui-none, tartaric acid, tannin, and vitamins [1].

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

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Responses

  • jaakko lepp
    Who discovered plant rosaa indica?
    12 months ago
  • joona
    Which parts of rosa indica have medicinal uses ?
    12 months ago
  • Semhar
    What was initial name of Rosa indica?
    11 months ago

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