English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Rein, Shah baloot, Shindar/Oak
A tall tree, mostly grows on shady slopes of hilly areas in loamy soil.
Pakistan: Hazara, Murree, Dir, Swat, Poonch, Sakeser, and Salt Range. World: India, Nepal, and Burma.
An evergreen tree up to 20 m tall. Stem erect, branched, woody, and hard with dark gray bark. Leaves simple, elliptic-lanceolate, alternate, petiolate, and spiny-toothed with upper surface dark green and under surface white tomentose. Inflorescence catkin, long, with 4-6 stamens. Cupules broad, half-enclosing the oblong gray nut fruit
Family Name: Fagaceae
Collection: 300 g of fresh bark is collected by men 25-40 years old, in winter (November-March). The bark is cut into small 2-4-in. pieces.
Recipes: (a) 300 g of fresh bark of Quercus incana and 500 g of fresh roots of Rumex hastatus (Kathimal) are boiled together in 5 L of water for 2-3 h. When 1 L of water is left, it is strained with a piece of cloth. This decoction is mixed with 1/2 Kg wheat flour (sooji), 200 g of sugar, and 250 g of ghee (desi) and cooked for 20-25 min. This sweet meal (halwa) is given to patients suffering from asthma, cough, fever, and rheumatism. For children, 1-2 tsp (15-20 g) of halwa (at one time) is given once or twice daily for 4-5 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (40-50 g) of halwa (at one time) is given twice daily for 10-15 days. This drug is also given to cattle suffering from body weakness; 200 g of drug (at one time) is given to cattle 2-3 times per day for 6-7 days. (b) 150 g of fresh bark is boiled daily in 2 cups (500 mL) of water for 25-30 min. When 1 cup (250 mL) of water is left, it is strained with a piece of cloth. This decoction is given to patients suffering from backache. For children, not used. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given once daily, before breakfast, for 6-7 days.
Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical
Asthma, cough, fever, rheumatism, and backache.
Leaves are used as fodder for cattle, goats, and sheep. Wood is used to make agricultural implements, plows, and tool handles; for thatching; and as fuelwood and timber.
Fatty, oleic, palmatic, and linoleic acids, moisture, ash, oil, tannins, protein, cellulose, and carbohydrates [27, 64].
Was this article helpful?
Do You Suffer From ASTHMA Chronic asthma is a paralyzing, suffocating and socially isolating condition that can cause anxiety that can trigger even more attacks. Before you know it you are caught in a vicious cycle Put an end to the dependence on inhalers, buying expensive prescription drugs and avoidance of allergenic situations and animals. Get control of your life again and Deal With Asthma Naturally