Quercus incana Roxb

Family Name:


Local Name/

English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Rain, Serai, Shah baloot/Bluejack oak



Whole plant

A slowgrowing tree found mostly in colder shady and humus places.

Pakistan: Swat, Hazara, Dir, Kashmir, Rawalpindi, Murree, and Gilliyat. World: Found in outer and temperate Northwest Himalaya to Nepal, Burma, Afghanistan, and Himalaya from Swat and Kashmir to Bhutan and China.

A tree up to 6-18 m tall. Shoots puberulous to tomentose. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, serrate but not at the base, acuminate. Upper surface of the leaves is dark green, lower white tomentose. Male flowers in catkins, bract ovate-oblong to oblong-orbicu-late. Nut 1-2 cm long, canescent, umbo-tipped, glabres-cent (Fig. 3.75).

Up to 500 g of bark and fruit is collected by men 25-40 years old, in winter (November-March). The bark is cut into small 2-4-in. pieces and dried in shade for 10-15 days.


Family Name:



Diseases Cured:


Uses: Phytochemicals:

(a) Dried bark is first cut into small pieces and boiled in milk until it becomes gelatinous. This gel is used as a bandage for broken and cracked bones.

(b) Dried bark is ground into fine powder and mixed with flour and water. This mixture is placed externally on wounds.

(c) The bark is also kept in water and used as a dye for black-colored hair.

(d) Similarly, the fruit's endosperm is ground, mixed with flour and water, and used to cure dysentery and diarrhea. For children, 1-2 tsp is given 1-2 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, 1-2 cups (250-500 ml) are used for 4-5 days.

Dysentery and diarrhea, wound healing, broken and cracked bones.

Leaves are used as fodder for goats. Wood is used as fuel, in construction, and in making tool handles.

Tannins, protein, cellulose, and carbohydrates [27] .

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