Punica granatum Linn

Family Name:

Punicaceae

Local Name/

English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Drunni, Desi anar, Anangorai/Pomegranate

April-June

Common

Whole plant

A small tree, mostly found in waste places along slopes of lower hills in fertile loamy soil.

Pakistan: Hazara, Salt Range, Balouchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, Dir, Chitral, and Kashmir. World: South Europe, Central and West Asia.

A small tree or shrub up to 6 m tall. Stem is erect, branched, and woody with dark gray bark. Leaves are simple, opposite, entire, oblanceolate, shining above, bright green, beneath, with spines at base.

Flowers are solitary, showy, persistant, orange red with many stamens. Fruit is subglobose with leathery skin, pale red, crowned with the persistant calyx lobes and whithered stamens, and with red juicy seeds (Fig. 3.74).

4-5 kg of fresh roots, 1 kg of fresh rind, 3 kg of fresh seeds, and 1 kg of fresh flowers are collected by men, women, and children 12-40 years old. Roots are collected in winter (November-March). Seeds and rind are collected in summer (June-September). Flowers are collected in early summer (March-May). Roots are used in fresh form, while seeds, rind, and flowers are dried first in sunlight and shade for 4-6 days and then used; also stored in cotton sacks for further use.

(a) 3-4 kg of fresh roots is cleaned, washed in water 2-3 times, and cut into small 2-3-in. pieces. Next, they are boiled in 5 L of water for 1 h. When 1/ L of water is left, then it is filtered with a cloth, stored in a glass bottle, and given to patients suffering from piles and to kill intestinal worms. For children, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given once daily, in the morning, for 3-4 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given once per day, in the morning, for 7-8 days.

Family Name: Punicaceae

(b) 250 g of dried rind is ground for 10-15 min; 150 g of sugar is mixed in. This powder is stored in a plastic or glass bottle and given to patients suffering from diarrhea, dysentery, piles, diabetes, sore gums, stomach disorders; liver, intestinal, or bladder inflammation; and toothache. For children, 1 tsp (5-6 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (12-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For sore gums and toothache, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is rubbed on teeth 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For whooping cough and sore gums, 1 tsp (4-5 g) of powdered drug or dried rind (at one time) is crushed under teeth once daily at bedtime for 3-4 days.

Family Name: Punicaceae

(c) 250 g of dried flowers is ground for 8-10 min and then boiled in / L of water for 15-20 min; 150 g of sugar is also added. When 3 cups (750 mL) of water remains, it is filtered with a cloth, stored in a glass bottle, and given to patients suffering from stomach, liver, intestinal, or bladder inflammation, toothache, and to remove spots from face. For children, not used. For adults, 2-3 tsp (20 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For toothache, 1 tsp (6-8 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is rubbed 2-3 times per day on aching tooth for 8-10 days. For facial spots, 1 tsp

(5 mL) of decoction is rubbed on spots with cotton twice daily (morning-evening) for 10-15 days.

(d) 1 kg of dried seeds and 250 g of sugar are ground together for 15-20 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from indigestion; liver, stomach, intestinal, or bladder inflammation; jaundice, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, cold, gas trouble, and stomach disorder; also used to purify blood. For children, 2-3 tsp (15-20 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is mixed in 1/ cup

(375 mL) of water and given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For adults, 3-4 tsp (40-50 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 10-15 days. Diseases Cured: Diarrhea, dysentery, piles, diabetes, intestinal worms, fever, whooping cough, cooling, indigestion, stomach disorder, jaundice, vomiting, sore gums, toothache, liver, stomach, bladder, or intestinal inflammation; also used to purify blood.

Ethnobotanical Leaves are used as fodder for goats and sheep. Wood is also Uses: used to make light furniture, agricultural implements, tool handles, and handicrafts, and as fuelwood, mud roof thatching; plant used for hedges and fencing. The seeds are used in sharbat, chutneys, and curries, as spices and flavoring agent; seeds are edible. Phytochemicals: Tannin, punico-tannic acid, mannite sugar, gum, pectin, ash, alkaloid pelletierine, oil liquid isopelletierine, inactive alkaloids methyl-pelletierine, pseudo pelletierine, citric acid, sorbitol, mannitol, pelletierine, isoquercetrin, B-sitosterol, friedelin, D-mannitol, estrone, glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose, oxalic _acid, organic acid [1, 25]._

Quercus Incana Drug
Fig. 3.75 Quercus incana Roxb
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