Pteridium aquilinum L Kuhn

Family Name:


Local Name/English Name: Spore Period: Parts Used: Status:




Ghanduli booti/Bracken fern May-August Rhizome, hairs Common

A wild herb, mostly grows in moist and shady places in mountains, forest floors, grooves, exposed grasslands, and in dry open places in clay loam. Pakistan: Swat, Dir, Chitral, Hazara, Malakand, and Haripur. World: Temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world, including most of Europe, Asia, and North America, in the Northern Hemisphere, and Australia, New Zealand and northern South America. Small wild herb up to 2 ft in length. Roots adventitious; arise from the lower surface of rhizome. Stem horizontal, modified into underground rhizome, thickly coated with pale brown multicelluar hairs. The rhizome differentiated into nodes and internodes. Leaves macrophyllous, compound, 2-12 ft in length, arise on the upper side of rhizome, while young leaves are coiled and covered with brownish hairs; petiolate bears many green leaflets. Brown-color spores bearing sporangia are present on lower surface of leaf (Fig. 3.3).

Family Name:


Medicinal Uses: Collection:


30-35 g of fresh rhizome is collected in any season by men and women between 20-40 years old. Then hairs are removed with bare hands. (a) 25-30 g of fresh rhizomes is boiled daily in 1 cup (250 mL) of water for 15-20 min; when 1 cup (250 mL) of water remains, it is filtered with a piece of cloth and given to patients suffering from diarrhea, vomiting, and dysentery. For children, 1 tsp (5 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given once per day for 2-3 days. For adults, V2 cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 3-4 days.

Family Name: Pteridaceae

(b) 25 g of fresh rhizome and 2-3 tsp (20-25 g) sugar are ground together daily for 4-5 min, mixed in 1 cup (250 mL) of water, and filtered with a cloth. This syrup is given to patients suffering from body pain due to swelling, muscular pain, earache, mouth sores, and sore throat, and to purify blood. For children, xh cup (125 mL) of syrup (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of syrup (at one time) is given 3 times per day for 4-5 days.

Diseases Cured: Body pain due to swelling, muscular pain, earache, mouth sores, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, and to purify blood.

Ethnobotanical Uses: Hairs are burned on a fire and curd pots are placed on smoke. According to the local women, smoke kills the pot's germs.

Phytochemicals: Carcinogenic (ptaquiloside), cynogenic glycoside

(prunasin), vitamin B1, and thiaminase enzyme, thiamine [3].

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